Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of a part of the property whom a man bequeaths with
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا أحمد ابن إدريس، عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى بن عمران الأشعري، عن علي بن السندي، عن محمد بن عمرو بن سعيد، عن جميل، عن أبان بن تغلب، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام أنه قال في الرجل يوصي بجزء من ماله إن الجزء واحد من عشرة، لان الله عز وجل يقول: " ثم اجعل على كل جبل منهن جزءا وكانت الجبال عشرة والطير أربعة فجعل على كل جبل منهن جزءا.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, from Muhammed bin Ahmad bin Yahya bin Imran al-Ash’ari, from Ali bin Sindi, from Muhammed bin Amru bin Sa’eed, from Jameel, from Aban bin Taghlib, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he said with regards to a man who bequeaths with a part of his property, that a part is one of ten, because Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, says: «Then place upon each mountain of them, a part» (2:260) and the mountains were ten and the birds were four, and so he placed on each mountain of them, a part.



Hadith #2

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن أبان الأحمر، عن عبد الله بن سنان قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن امرأة أوصت بثلثها يقضي به دين ابن أخيها وجزء لفلان وفلانة فلم أعرف ذلك، فقدمنا إلى ابن أبي ليلى. قال: فما قال لك؟ قلت: قال: ليس لهما شئ. فقال: كذب والله، لهما العشر من الثلث.

2. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from Ali bin Hakam, from Aban al-Ahmar, from Abdullah bin Sinan, that he said: I asked Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, of a woman who bequeathed with her third, that the debt of the son of her brother is cleared with it, and that a part is for such-a-male and such-a-female, and I did not know (how to deal with) that, so we approached Ibn Abi Layla. He said: So what did he say to you? I said: He said: There is nothing to them. So he said: He has lied, by Allah. To them is a tenth of the third.



Hadith #3

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا أحمد بن إدريس، عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى بن عمران الأشعري، قال: حدثني أبو عبد الله الرازي، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر، عن الحسين بن خالد، عن أبي الحسن عليه السلام قال: سألته عن رجل أوصى بجزء من ماله. فقال: سبع ثلثه.

3. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, from Muhammed bin Ahmad bin Yahya bin Imran al-Ash’ari, that he said: I was told by Abu Abdillah al-Razi, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Abi Nasr, from Hussain bin Khalid, from Abu’l-Hasan, peace be upon him, that he said: I asked him about a man who bequeathed with a part of his property. He said: A seventh of his third.