Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the needy and the beggar
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن العباس بن معروف، عن علي بن مهزيار، عن فضالة، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي عبد الله، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " فإذا وجبت جنوبها " قال: إذا وقعت على الأرض فكلوا منها " وأطعموا القانع والمعتر " قال: القانع: الذي يرضى بما أعطيته ولا يسخط ولا يكلح ولا يزبد شدقه غضبا ، والمعتر المار بك تطعمه.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, from Abbas bin Ma’ruf, from Ali bin Mahziyar, from Fadala, from Aban bin Uthman, from Abdul-Rahman bin Abi Abdillah, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «and when they fall on their sides» (22:36). He said: If they fall (lifeless) on the ground, then eat from it. «and feed the needy and the beggar» (22:36). He said: The needy is the one who is pleased with what you give him, and who is not raged, nor frowns nor makes scum fill his mouth corner out of anger. The beggar is the one who passes by you whom you feed.



Hadith #2

وبهذا الاسناد، عن علي بن مهزيار، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن صفوان، عن سيف التمار، قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: إن سعيد بن عبد الملك قدم حاجا فلقى أبي عليه السلام فقال: إني سقت هديا فكيف أصنع؟ فقال: أطعم أهلك ثلثا، وأطعم القانع ثلثا، وأطعم المسكين ثلثا، قلت: المسكين هو السائل؟ قال: نعم، والقانع يقنع بما أرسلت إليه من البضعة فما فوقها، والمعتر يعتريك لا يسألك.

2. With this chain of narrators, from Ali bin Mahziyar, from Hussain bin Sa’eed, from Safwan, from Saif, the Date Seller, that he said: Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: Sa’eed bin Abdul-Malik came, as a pilgrim, and met my father, peace be upon him, and said: I dragged an (animal of) offering, so what do I do? He said: Feed your family a third, the needy a third, and the beggar a third. I said: Is the beggar the one who asks? He said: Yes, and the needy is the one who is content with what you send to him of the piece and what is above. The beggar is the one who approaches you (suddenly) and does not ask you.



Hadith #3

وقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: لا تجوز شهادة خائن ولا خائنة ولا ذي حقد ولا ذي غمر على أخيه ولا ظنين في ولاء ولا قرابة ولا القانع مع أهل البيت لهم.

3. The Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family: The testimony of a traitorous male or traitorous female is impermissible, nor (that of) one with hatred, nor one of enmity towards his brother, nor one of dubiousity with regards to allegiance, nor kinship, nor the needy for a household (when the testimony is made) in favor of them. [1]