Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of Islam and faith
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن العباس بن معروف، عن عثمان بن عيسى، عن سماعة بن مهران، قال: سألته عن الايمان والاسلام، فقلت له: أفرق بين الايمان والاسلام، فقال: أو أضرب لك مثله؟ قال: قلت أود ذاك. قال: مثل الايمان من الاسلام مثل الكعبة الحرام من الحرم قد يكون الرجل في الحرم ولا يكون في الكعبة حتى يكون في الحرم، وقد يكون مسلما ولا يكون مؤمنا ولا يكون مؤمنا حتى يكون مسلما. قال: فقلت: فيخرجه من الايمان شئ؟ قال لي: نعم. قلت: فيصيره إلى ماذا؟ قال: إلى الاسلام أو الكفر. وقال: لو أن رجلا دخل الكعبة فأفلت منه بوله اخرج من الكعبة ولم يخرج من الحرم ولو خرج من الحرم فغسل ثوبه وتطهر لم يمنع أن يدخل الكعبة، ولو أن رجلا دخل الكعبة فبال فيها معاندا اخرج من الكعبة ومن الحرم فضربت عنقه.

1. We told by Muhammed bin Hasan, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, from Abbas bin Ma’ruf, from Uthman bin Isa, from Sama’a bin Mahran, that he said: I asked him about faith and Islam, so I said to him: Differentiate between faith and Islam. He said: And shall I give you the example of it? He said: I said: I would want that. He said: The example of faith from Islam is like the example of the Sacred Kaaba from the Sanctuary; a man may be in the Sanctuary and not be in the Kaaba, and he may not be in the Kaaba until he is in the Sanctuary. Hence, he may be a Muslim and may not be a believer, and he will not be a believer until he is a Muslim. He said: Then I said: Then does anything exclude him from faith? He said: Yes. I said: Then to what thing does it turn himـ? He said: To Islam or disbelief. And he said: If a man is to enter the Kaaba and his urine slips form him, he must be taken out of the Kaaba and must not go out of the Sanctury, and if he is to go out from the Sanctuary, wash his robe and purify himself, he is not prevented from entering the Kaaba. Whereas if a man is to enter the Kaaba and urinates in it intentionally, he must be taken out of the Kaaba and from the Sanctuary, and his neck is to be stricken.



Hadith #2

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن بكر بن صالح الرازي، عن أبي الصلت الخراساني، قال: سألت الرضا عليه السلام عن الايمان، فقال: الايمان عقد بالقلب ولفظ باللسان وعمل بالجوارح، لا يكون الايمان إلا هكذا.

2. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from Bikr bin Saleh al-Razi, from Abu’s-Silt al-Khurasani, that he said: I asked al-Rida, peace be upon him, about faith, so he said: Faith is a contract in the heart, uttering by the tongue and act with the limbs; faith is by nothing except like this.



Hadith #3

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن حفص بن البختري، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ليس الايمان بالتحلي ولا بالتمني ولكن الايمان ما خلص في القلب وصدقه الأعمال.

3. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ya’qoub bin Yazid, from Ibn Abi ‘Umayr, from Hafs bin Bukhturi, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Faith is not by adorning nor by wishing, however, faith is what has been made sincere in the heart and creceded by actions.



Hadith #4

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن عبد الله بن ميمون، عن جعفر بن محمد، عن أبيه عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: الايمان قول وعمل أخوان شريكان.

4. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Ali bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Abdullah bin Maimoun, from Ja’far bin Muhammed, from his father, peace be upon him, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Faith is (consisting of) saying and action, (the like of) two associating brother.



Hadith #5

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن موسى بن القاسم البجلي، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عن هشام بن سالم، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: لقى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يوما حارثة بن النعمان الأنصاري، فقال له: كيف أصبحت يا حارثة؟ قال: أصبحت يا رسول الله مؤمنا. حقا. قال إن لكل إيمان حقيقة فما حقيقة إيمانك؟ قال: عزفت نفسي عن الدنيا وأسهرت ليلي وأظمأت نهاري فكأني بعرش ربي وقد قرب للحساب، وكأني بأهل الجنة فيها يتراودون وأهل النار فيها يعذبون. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: أنت مؤمن نور الله الايمان في قلبك، فأثبت ثبتك الله. فقال له: يا رسول الله ما أنا على نفسي من شئ أخوف مني عليها من بصري. فدعا له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فذهب بصره.

5. My father, may Allah grant him mercu, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Musa bin Qasem al-Bajali, from Sawfan bin Yahya, from Hisham bin Salim, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, one day met Haritha bin Nu’man al-Ansari, and he said to him: How have you become up at the morning, O Haritha? He said: I have become at the morning, O Allah’s Messenger, a true believer. He said: Indeed, for every (level of) faith there is a reality, so what is the reality of your faith? He said: I have prevented by self from this world, remained awake at my night and become thirsty during my day, and so, it is as if I am by the Throne of my Lord and the Reckoning is near, and it is as if I am by the people of Paradise who, in it, are being enticed, and by the people of the Fire who, in it, are being tormented. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: You are a believer. May Allah enlighten faith in your heart, so remain firm, may Allah make you firm. Then he said to him: O Messenger of Allah, there is nothing on my self from which I am more fearful over, than my vision. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, supplicated and his vision went away.



Hadith #6

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن محمد ابن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب، عن محمد بن إسماعيل بن بزيع، عن محمد بن عذافر، عن أبيه، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: بينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في بعض أسفاره إذ لقيه ركب فقالوا: السلام عليك يا رسول الله، فقال: ما أنتم؟ قالوا: نحن مؤمنون، قال: فما حقيقة إيمانكم. قالوا:الرضا بقضاء الله والتسليم لأمر الله والتفويض إلى الله تعالى. فقال: علماء حكماء كادوا أن يكونوا من الحكمة أنبياء، فإن كنتم صادقين فلا تبنوا مالا تسكنون، ولا تجمعوا ما لا تأكلون، واتقوا الله الذي إليه ترجعون.

6. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, from Muhammed ibn Hussain bin Abi’l-Khattab, from Muhammed bin Isma’eel bin Bazee’, from Muhammed bin ‘Adhafir, from his father, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, was with us during some of his journeys, as a convoy met him and said: Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah. So he said: What are you? They said: We are believers. He said: What is the reality of your faith? He said: Satisfaction with the decision of Allah, submission to the commandment of Allah and entrustment to Allah, Exalted is He. Then he said: Wise scholars, as if they are to be, due to wisdom, Prophets. Hence, if you are truthful, then do not built that which you will not dwell in, and do not gather that which you will not consume, and fear Allah to Whom you will return.