Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the saying of al-Sadiq, peace be upon them both: «The one who learns (some) knowledge that he might use it to quarrel with fools, boast with it before scholars or draw the faces of people towards himself, then he is in the Fire of Hell»
Hadith #1

حدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبدوس - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا علي بن محمد بن قتيبة النيسابوري، عن حمدان بن سليمان، عن عبد السلام بن صالح الهروي، قال: سمعت أبا الحسن الرضا عليه السلام يقول: رحم الله عبدا أحيا أمرنا. فقلت له: فكيف يحيي أمركم قال: يتعلم علومنا ويعلمها الناس فإن الناس لو علموا محاسن كلامنا لاتبعونا. قال: فقلت له: يا ابن رسول الله فقد روي لنا عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه قال: " من تعلم علما ليماري به السفهاء أو يباهي به العلماء أو ليقبل بوجوه الناس إليه فهو في النار " فقال عليه السلام: صدق جدي، أفتدري من السفهاء؟ فقلت: لا، يا ابن رسول الله. فقال: هم قصاص من مخالفينا، وتدري من العلماء؟ فقلت: لا، يا ابن رسول الله. قال: فقال: هم علماء آل محمد عليهم السلام الذين فرض الله عز وجل طاعتهم وأوجب مودتهم، ثم قال: أتدري ما معنى قوله: " أو ليقبل بوجوه الناس إليه "؟ قلت: لا. قال: يعني بذلك والله ادعاء الإمامة بغير حقها ومن فعل ذلك فهو في النار.

1. We were told by Abdul-Wahid bin Muhammed bin ‘Abdous, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ali bin Muhammed bin Qutayba al-Naisabouri, from Hamdan bin Sulayman, from Abdul-Salam bin Saleh al-Harawi, that he said: I heard Abu’l-Hasan al-Rida, peace be upon him, say: May Allah have mercy upon a servant who revives our cause. Then I said to him: So how would he revive your cause? He said: By him learning our sciences and teaching it to the people, for indeed, if the people were to know the beauties of our speech, they would have followed us. He said: Then I said to him: O son of Allah’s Messenger, it has been narrated to us of Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: «The one who learns (some) knowledge that he might use it to quarrel with fools, boast with it before scholars or draw the faces of people towards himself, then he is in the Fire of Hell». So he, peace be upon him, said: My grandfather spoke true, so do you know who the fools are? So I said: No, O son of Allah’s Messenger. He said: Then he said: They are storytellers from our opponents, and do you know who the scholars are? So I said: No, O son of Allah’s Messenger. He said: Then he said: They are the Scholars from the Family of Muhammed, peace be upon them, whom Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, imposed obedience to and obliged affection to. Then he said: Do you know what is the meaning of his saying: « or draw the faces of people towards himself»? I said: No. He said: He means with that, by Allah, the claiming of Imamate without its right; the one who does that, he is in the Fire of Hell.