Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the saying of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family: «The sky has not shadowed upon, nor has the earth carried, anyone with a tongue more truthful than Abu Dharr»
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبو الحسن محمد بن عمرو بن علي البصري، قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله عبد السلام ابن محمد بن هارون الهاشمي، قال: حدثنا محمد بن [محمد بن] عقبة الشيباني، قال: حدثنا أبو القاسم الخضر بن أبان، عن أبي هدية إبراهيم بن هدية البصري، عن أنس بن مالك قال: أتى أبو ذر يوما إلى مسجد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: ما رأيت كما رأيت البارحة. قالوا: وما رأيت البارحة؟ قال: رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ببابه فخرج ليلا فأخذ بيد علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام وخرجا إلى البقيع فما زلت أقفو أثرهما إلى أن أتيا مقابر مكة فعدل إلى قبر أبيه فصلى عنده ركعتين فإذا بالقبر قد انشق وإذا بعبد الله جالس وهو يقول: " أنا أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، وأن محمدا عبده ورسوله ". فقال له: من وليك يا أبة؟ فقال: وما الولي بابني؟ فقال: هو هذا علي. فقال: وأن عليا وليي. قال: فارجع إلى روضتك. ثم عدل إلى قبر أمه آمنة فصنع كما صنع عند قبر أبيه فإذا بالقبر قد انشق وإذا هي تقول: " أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، وأنك نبي الله ورسوله ". فقال لها: من وليك يا أماه؟ فقالت: وما الولاية يا بني؟ قال: هو هذا علي بن أبي طالب. فقالت: وأن عليا وليي. فقال: ارجعي إلى حفرتك وروضتك. فكذبوه ولببوه وقالوا: يا رسول الله كذب عليك اليوم. فقال: وما كان من ذلك؟ قالوا إن جندب حكى عنك كيت وكيت، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: ما أظلت الخضراء ولا أقلت الغبراء على ذي لهجة أصدق من أبي ذر. قال عبد السلام بن محمد: فعرضت هذا الخبر على الجهمي محمد بن عبد الأعلى فقال: أما علمت أن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله قال: أتاني جبرئيل عليه السلام فقال: إن الله عز وجل حرم النار على ظهر أنزلك، وبطن حملك، وثدي أرضعك، وحجر كفلك؟

1. We were told by Abu’l-Hasan, Muhammed bin ‘Amru bin Ali Al-Basri, that he said: We were told by Abu Abdillah, Abdul-Salam ibn Muhammed bin Harun al-Hashimi, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Muhammed bin ‘Aqaba al-Shaybani, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Qasem, Khidr bin Aban, from Abu Hadiya, Ibrahim bin Hadiya al-Basri, from Anas bin Malik, that he said: Abu Dharr came one day to the Mosque of Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and said: I did not see like I saw yesterday. They said: And what did you see yesterday? He said: I saw the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him and his Family, at its door, and then he went out and took by the hand of Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him, and they went out to Baqee’. I kept tracing their tracks until they came to the graves of (the people of) Mecca, and then he turned to the grave of his father and prayer two rak’a next to it, and suddenly, the grave split open, and suddenly, Abdullah was sitting whilst saying: «I testify that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammed is His servant and Messenger». Then he said to him: Who is your Leader, O father? So he said: What is the Leader, O my son? So he said: This is him, Ali. Then he said: «And that Ali is my Leader». He said: Then return to your garden. Then he turned to the grave of his mother, Amina, and he did what he did at the grave of his father, and suddenly, the grave had split open, and it was her, saying: «I testify that there is no gud but Allah, and that you are the Prophet of Allah and His Messenger». Then he said to her: Who is your Leader, O mother? So she said: What is the Divine Authority, O my son? He said: It is him, Ali bin Abi Talib. So she said: «And that Ali is my Leader». Then he said: Return to your hole and garden. Then they [1] rejected him [2], grabbed hold of him, pulled him and said: O Messenger of Allah, he has lied about you today! Then he said: And what was of that? They said: Indeed, Jundub [3] has spoken about you such-and-such! Then the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: The sky has not shadowed upon, nor has the earth carried, anyone with a tongue more truthful than Abu Dharr. Abdul-Salam bin Muhammed said: Then I presented this report upon al-Jahmi, Muhammed bin Abdil-A’la, and he said: Did you not know that the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: «Jibra’eel, peace be upon him, came to me and said: Indeed, Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, forbade the Fire for the back that ejaculated you, belly that carried you, breast that breastfed you and home that cared for you»?



Hadith #2

حدثنا أبي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى بن عمران الأشعري، عن حمدان بن سليمان، عن أيوب بن نوح، عن إسماعيل الفراء، عن رجل، قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: أليس قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في أبي ذر - رحمة الله عليه -: " ما أظلت الخضراء ولا أقلت الغبراء على ذي لهجة أصدق من أبي ذر "؟ قال: بلى. قال: قلت: فأين رسول الله وأمير المؤمنين؟ وأين الحسن والحسين؟ قال: فقال لي: كم السنة شهرا؟ قال: قلت: اثنا عشر شهرا، قال: كم منهما حرم؟ قال: قلت: أربعة أشهر. قال: فشهر رمضان منها؟ قال: قلت: لا، قال: إن في شهر رمضان ليلة أفضل من ألف شهر، إنا أهل بيت لا يقاس بنا أحد.

2. We were told by my father, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, from Muhammed bin Ahmad bin Yahya bin Imran al-Ash’ari, from Hamdan bin Sulayman, from Ayoub bin Nuh, from Isma’eel al-Farra’, from a man, that he said: I said to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him: Did not the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, say with regards to Abu Dharr, upon whom is the mercy of Allah: « The sky has not shadowed upon, nor has the earth carried, anyone with a tongue more truthful than Abu Dharr»? He said: Sure. He said: I said: Then where are the Messenger of Allah and the Commander of the Believers? And where are Hasan and Hussain? He said: Then he said to me: How many months are there in a year? He said: I said: Twelve months. He said: How many of them are sacred? He said: I said: Four months. He said: Is the month of Ramadan among them? He said: I said: No. He said: Indeed, in the month of Ramadan is a night that is better than a thousand months. Indeed, we are a Household with whom none is measured.