Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of sameet, sa’eeda, the male and the female
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن إبراهيم بن هاشم، وأيوب بن نوح، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة، قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن سنان، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: سمعته يقول: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله كان نبي مسجده بالسميط، ثم إن المسلمين كثروا فقالوا: يا رسول الله لو أمرت بالمسجد فزيد فيه. فقال: نعم، فأمر به فزيد فيه. وبنى بالسعيدة، ثم إن المسلمين كثروا فقالوا: يا رسول الله لو أمرت بالمسجد فزيد فيه. فقال: نعم فزاد فيه وبنى جداره بالأنثى والذكر، ثم أشتد عليهم الحر فقالوا: يا رسول الله لو أمرت بالمسجد فظلل. قال: فأمر به فأقيمت فيه سواري جذوع النخل، ثم طرحت عليه العوارض والخصف والإذخر فعاشوا فيه حتى أصابتهم الأمطار فجعل المسجد يكف عليهم ، فقالوا: يا رسول الله لو أمرت به فطين. فقال لهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا، عريش كعريش موسى، فلم يزل كذلك حتى قبض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وكان جداره قبل أن يظلل قدر قامة فكان إذا كان الفيئ ذراعا وهو قدر مربض عنز صلى الظهر فإذا كان الفيئ ذراعين وهو ضعف ذلك صلى العصر، قال: وقال: السميط لبنة لبنة، والسعيدة لبنة ونصف، والأنثى والذكر لبنتان مخالفتان.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ibrahim bin Hashim, and Ayub bin Nuh, from Abdullah bin Mughaira, that he said: We were told by Abdullah bin Sinan, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: I heard him say: Indeed, the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, built his Mosque with sameet. Then the Muslims increased in number, and they said: «O Allah’s Messenger, if you had ordered with regards to the Mosque (it would be better so that) it would be added to». So he said: «Yes» and he ordered with regards to it, and it was added to. Then he built with sa’eeda, and furthermore, the Muslims grew in number, and they said: «O Allah’s Messenger, if you had ordered with regards to the Mosque (it would be better so that), it would be added to». So he said: «Yes», and it was added to it, and he built its wall with females and males. Then, the heat was intensified for them and they said: «O Allah’s Messenger, if you had ordered with regards to the Mosque (it would be better so that) it would be shaded». He said: Then he ordered with regards to it, and so palm trunks were raised in it, then width placements, leaves and camel grass were cast on it, and they lived in it until they were hit by the rains, and the Mosque was dropping on them. Then they said: «O Allah’s Messenger, if you had ordered with regards to the Mosque (it would be better so that) it would be daubed with clay. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said to them: «There is no arbor like the arbor of Musa» and it remained like that until the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, was taken, and his wall was had not (yet) reached the level to shade the amount of a body height. Hence, when the shadow was by the length of an arm, that is the amount of a female goat encloser, he would perform the forenoon prayer, and when the shadow was by the length of two arms, which is the double of that, he would perform the afternoon prayer. He said: And he said: Sameet is one brick by one, sa’eeda is one brick and a half, and the female and male are two opposing brickes.