Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of Monotheism and Justice
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبو الحسن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى بن أحمد بن [علي بن الحسين بن] علي بن الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب عليهم السلام، قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله محمد بن إبراهيم بن أسباط، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن زياد القطان، قال: حدثنا أبو الطيب أحمد بن محمد بن عبد الله قال: حدثني عيسى بن جعفر بن محمد بن عبد الله بن محمد بن عمر بن عليبن أبي طالب عليهم السلام عن آبائه، عن عمر بن علي، عن أبيه علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: التوحيد ظاهره في باطنه وباطنه في ظاهره، ظاهره موصوف لا يرى، وباطنه موجود لا يخفى، يطلب بكل مكان، ولم يخل منه مكان طرفة عين، حاضر غير محدود، وغائب غير مفقود.

1. We were told by Abu’l-Hasan, Ahmad bin Muhammed bin ‘Isa bin Ahmad bin ‘Isa bin Ali bin Hussain bin Ali bin Hussain bin Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon them, that he said: We were told by Abu Abdillah, Muhammed bin Ibrahim bin Asbat, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Ziyad al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Teeb, Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Abdullah, that he said: We were told by ‘Isa bin Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Abdullah bin Muhammed bin Umar bin Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him, from his fathers, from Umar bin from, from his father, Ali, bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: The appearance of Monotheism is in its interior, and its interior is in its appearance; its appearance is characterized and cannot be seen, and its interior is existent and is not hidden. He is sought in every place, and no place is absent from Him by a wink of an eye. He is present, not limited, and hidden, not lost.



Hadith #2

حدثنا أبو الحسن محمد بن سعيد بن عزيز لسمرقندي الفقيه بأرض بلخ. قال: حدثنا أبو أحمد الزاهد السمرقندي بإسناده رفعه إلى الصادق عليه السلام أنه سأله رجل فقال له: إن أساس الدين التوحيد والعدل وعلمه كثير ولا بد لعاقل منه فاذكر ما يسهل الوقوف عليه ويتهيأ حفظه؟ فقال أما التوحيد فأن لا تجوز على ربك ما جاز عليك، وأما العدل فألا تنسب إلى خالقك ما لامك عليه.

2. We were told by Abu’l-Hasan, Muhammed bin Sa’eed bin Aziz al-Samarqandi, the jurist – in the land of Balkh – that he said: We were told by Abu Ahmad, Zahid al-Samarqandi, with his chain of narrators, that he ascribed to al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, that a man asked him, to which he said: Indeed, the foundation of the religion is Monotheism and Justice, and its knowledge is abundant, and a rational person must have it. So, mention what can be easily stood upon and is attainable to memorize? Then he, peace be upon him, said: As for Monotheism, it is to proclaim as impossible upon your Lord that which is possibly upon you, and as for Justice, it is to not attribute to your Creator that which He has blamed you for.