Ṣifāt al-Shīʿa > Hadith
Hadith #1

أَبِي رَحِمَهُ اَللَّهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى اَلْعَطَّارِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ اَلْحَارِثِ بْنِ اَلدِّلْهَاثِ مَوْلَى اَلرِّضَا ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا اَلْحَسَنِ ع يَقُولُ لاَ يَكُونُ اَلْمُؤْمِنُ مُؤْمِناً حَتَّى تَكُونَ فِيهِ ثَلاَثُ خِصَالٍ سُنَّةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ وَ سُنَّةٌ مِنْ‌ نَبِيِّهِ وَ سُنَّةٌ مِنْ وَلِيِّهِ فَالسُّنَّةُ مِنْ رَبِّهِ كِتْمَانُ سِرِّهِ قَالَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ- عََالِمُ اَلْغَيْبِ فَلاََ يُظْهِرُ عَلى‌ََ غَيْبِهِ أَحَداً `إِلاََّ مَنِ اِرْتَضى‌ََ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ أَمَّا اَلسُّنَّةُ مِنْ نَبِيِّهِ فَمُدَارَاةُ اَلنَّاسِ فَإِنَّ اَللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَمَرَ نَبِيَّهُ بِمُدَارَاةِ اَلنَّاسِ فَقَالَ‌ خُذِ اَلْعَفْوَ وَ أْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَ أَعْرِضْ عَنِ اَلْجََاهِلِينَ وَ أَمَّا اَلسُّنَّةُ مِنْ وَلِيِّهِ فَالصَّبْرُ عَلَى اَلْبَأْسَاءِ وَ اَلضَّرَّاءِ فَإِنَّ اَللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ- وَ اَلصََّابِرِينَ فِي اَلْبَأْسََاءِ وَ اَلضَّرََّاءِ

My father, Allah may have mercy upon him, narrated to us from Ahmed bin Idris from Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Yahya bin Imran al-Ash’ari from Sahl bin Ziyad from al-Harith bin ad-Delhath (the servant of Imam ar-Ridha) that Abu al-Hasan (a) said: A servant will not be a faithful believer before he learns three characters: one from the Lord, one from His Messenger, and one from the Imam. The character that he should learn from Allah is the concealment of secrets. Allah the Glorified says: He knows the unseen and He does not allow anyone to know His secrets… ( : ) The character that he should learn from the Prophet (s) is that he should treat people courteously. Allah says: Take the surplus, preach the truth, and keep away from the ignorant ones. ( : ) The character that he should learn from the Imam (a) is to be steadfast against situations of misfortune and crises. Allah says: … and those whoexercise patience in poverty and in distress. ( : )