39. The Ziyārah of Ĥusain ibn ‘Ali (a.s.) by the Angels

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1 حَدَّثَنِي الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ لَيْسَ مِنْ مَلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا وَ هُمْ يَسْأَلُونَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَنْ يَأْذَنَ لَهُمْ فِي زِيَارَةِ قَبْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) فَفَوْجٌ يَنْزِلُ وَ فَوْجٌ يَعْرُجُ


1. Ĥasan ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn Muĥammad ibn ‘Isā narrated to me from his father, from Ĥasan ibn Maĥbūb, from Isĥāq ibn ‘Ammār, who said: I heard Abā ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)) say: There is no angel in the heavens or on earth who does not ask Allāh for permission to go to the Ziyārah of the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.). (There is always) a crowd descending (to go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.)) and a crowd ascending (back to the heavens).




2 وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) يَقُولُ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ خَلْقاً أَكْثَرَ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَ إِنَّهُ يَنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ كُلَّ مَسَاءٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ يَطُوفُونَ بِالْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ لَيْلَتَهُمْ حَتَّى إِذَا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ انْصَرَفُوا إِلَى قَبْرِ النَّبِيِّ (ص) فَيُسَلِّمُونَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَأْتُونَ قَبْرَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (ع) فَيُسَلِّمُونَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَأْتُونَ قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) فَيُسَلِّمُونَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَعْرُجُونَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ ثُمَّ تَنْزِلُ مَلَائِكَةُ النَّهَارِ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ فَيَطُوفُونَ بِالْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ نَهَارَهُمْ حَتَّى إِذَا غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ انْصَرَفُوا إِلَى قَبْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (ص) فَيُسَلِّمُونَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَأْتُونَ قَبْرَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (ع) فَيُسَلِّمُونَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَأْتُونَ قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) فَيُسَلِّمُونَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَعْرُجُونَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَغِيبَ الشَّمْسُ


2. Ĥasan ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn Muĥammad ibn ‘Isā narrated to me from his father, from Ĥasan ibn Maĥbūb, from Dāwūd Al-Raqqi, who said: I heard Abā ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)) say: Allāh has not created any creation greater in number than the angels. Every evening, seventy thousand angels descend from the heavens. They perform Ťawāf around Bayt Al-Ĥarām (Ka’bah) until dawn, after which they proceed to the grave of the Prophet (s.a.a.w.) and say Salām to him. Then they go to the grave of the Commander of the Believers (a.s.) to say Salām to him, after which they go to the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) and say Salām to him; and then they ascend back to the heavens before sunrise. Then seventy thousand angels from among the angels of the day descend from the heavens. They (too) perform Ťawāf around Bayt Al-Ĥarām (Ka’bah) until sunset, after which they proceed to the grave of the Messenger of Allāh (s.a.a.w.) and say Salām to him. Then they go to the grave of the Commander of the Believers (a.s.) to say Salām to him, after which they go to the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) and say Salām to him; and then they ascend back to the heavens before nightfall.




3 حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي (رحمه الله) وَ جَمَاعَةُ مَشَايِخِي عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) قَالَ مَا بَيْنَ قَبْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) إِلَى السَّمَاءِ مُخْتَلَفُ الْمَلَائِكَةِ


3. My father and all of my scholars narrated to me from Sa’d ibn ‘Abdillāh, from Ĥusain ibn ‘Abdillāh, from Ĥasan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abǐ ‘Uthmān, from Muĥammad ibn Fuďayl, from Isĥāq ibn ‘Ammār, who said: Abū ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)) said: The space between the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) and the heavens is (always) filled with angels who are descending and ascending (back and forth from the Ziyārah).




4 حَدَّثَنِي الْقَاسِمُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ قَبْرُ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) عِشْرُونَ ذِرَاعاً فِي عِشْرِينَ ذِرَاعاً مُكَسَّراً رَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ مِنْهُ مِعْرَاجٌ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَلَيْسَ مِنْ مَلَكٍ مُقَرَّبٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ مُرْسَلٍ إِلَّا وَ هُوَ يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى أَنْ يَزُورَ الْحُسَيْنَ (ع) فَفَوْجٌ يَهْبِطُ وَ فَوْجٌ يَصْعَدُ


4. Qāsim ibn Muĥammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Ibrāhǐm narrated to me from his father, from his grandfather, from ‘Abdillāh ibn Ĥammād Al-Anšāri, from ‘Abdillāh ibn Sinān, who said: I heard Abā ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)) say: The boundaries of the grave (the Ĥaram) of Ĥusain (a.s.) are twenty ells by twenty ells and this location is a garden from the gardens of Paradise. The ascent toward the heavens begins from here. Every high-ranked angel and prophet, who was chosen as a messenger, asks Allāh, the Exalted, (at all times) for permission to go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.). (There is always) a crowd descending (from the heavens to go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.)) and a crowd ascending (back).




5 وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ كُنْتُ فِي الْحِيرَةِ لَيْلَةَ عَرَفَةَ فَرَأَيْتُ نَحْواً مِنْ ثَلَاثَةِ أَلْفٍ أَوْ أَرْبَعَةِ أَلْفِ رَجُلٍ جَمِيلَةٍ وُجُوهُهُمْ طَيِّبَةٍ رِيحُهُمْ شَدِيدَةٍ بَيَاضُ ثِيَابِهِمْ يُصَلُّونَ اللَّيْلَ أَجْمَعَ فَلَقَدْ كُنْتُ أُرِيدُ أَنْ آتِيَ قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) وَ أُقَبِّلَهُ وَ أَدْعُوَ بِدَعَوَاتِي فَمَا كُنْتُ أَصِلُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ الْخَلْقِ فَلَمَّا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ سَجَدْتُ سَجْدَةً فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَلَمْ أَرَ مِنْهُمْ أَحَداً فَقَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) أَ تَدْرِي مَنْ هَؤُلَاءِ قُلْتُ لَا جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَقَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ مَرَّ بِالْحُسَيْنِ (ع) أَرْبَعَةُ آلَافِ مَلَكٍ وَ هُوَ يُقْتَلُ فَعَرَجُوا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِمْ يَا مَعْشَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ مَرَرْتُمْ بِابْنِ حَبِيبِي وَ صَفِيِّي مُحَمَّدٍ (ص) وَ هُوَ يُقْتَلُ وَ يُضْطَهَدُ مَظْلُوماً فَلَمْ تَنْصُرُوهُ- فَانْزِلُوا إِلَى الْأَرْضِ إِلَى قَبْرِهِ فَابْكُوهُ شُعْثاً غُبْراً إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَهُمْ عِنْدَهُ إِلَى أَنْ تَقُومَ الْقِيَامَةُ [السَّاعَةُ]


5. Qāsim ibn Muĥammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Ibrāhǐm narrated to me from his father, from his grandfather, from ‘Abdillāh ibn Ĥammād, from Isĥāq ibn ‘Ammār, who said: I said to Abǐ ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)): May I sacrifice myself for you, O son of the Messenger of Allāh! On the night of ‘Arafah, I was in Ĥǐrah (Ĥā`ir) and I saw three to four thousand handsome men who smelled beautiful and whose clothing was pure white, who were praying all night. I wanted to go to the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) and kiss it and pray there. However, I could not reach it because of how crowded it was. It was after dawn that I prostrated and when I raised my head, I could not see any of them. Abū ‘Abdillāh (a.s.) asked me, “Do you know who they were?” I replied, “May I sacrifice myself for you! I do not.” Imam (a.s.) replied: My father (a.s.) narrated to me from his father (a.s.), who said: Four thousand angels passed by Ĥusain (a.s.) while he was being killed so they ascended to the heavens. Allāh revealed to them, “O crowd of angels! You passed by the son of My love and My choice from My creation, Muĥammad (s.a.a.w.), and he was being killed and oppressed but you did not help him. Descend to earth and cry by his grave while you are disheveled and covered with dust until the Day of Judgment.” Imam (a.s.) continued, “So now they remain by his grave (and will continue to do so) until the rising of the Hour.”




6 حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي (رحمه الله) تَعَالَى عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ قُتَيْبَةَ الْهَمْدَانِيِّ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) إِنِّي كُنْتُ بِالْحَائِرِ لَيْلَةَ عَرَفَةَ وَ كُنْتُ أُصَلِّي وَ ثَمَّ نَحْوٌ مِنْ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفاً مِنَ النَّاسِ جَمِيلَةٍ وُجُوهُهُمْ طَيِّبَةٍ رَوَائِحُهُمْ- وَ أَقْبَلُوا يُصَلُّونَ اللَّيْلَةَ [اللَّيْلَ] أَجْمَعَ فَلَمَّا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ سَجَدْتُ ثُمَّ رَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَلَمْ أَرَ مِنْهُمْ أَحَداً- فَقَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) إِنَّهُ مَرَّ بِالْحُسَيْنِ (ع) خَمْسُونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ وَ هُوَ يُقْتَلُ فَعَرَجُوا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ تَعَالَى إِلَيْهِمْ مَرَرْتُمْ بِابْنِ حَبِيبِي وَ هُوَ يُقْتَلُ فَلَمْ تَنْصُرُوهُ فَاهْبِطُوا إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فَاسْكُنُوا عِنْدَ قَبْرِهِ شُعْثاً غُبْراً إِلَى يَوْمِ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ


6. My father narrated to me from Sa’d ibn ‘Abdillāh, from some of his companions, from Aĥmad ibn Qutaybah Al-Hamdāni, from Isĥāq ibn ‘Ammār, who said: I said to Abǐ ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)): On the night of ‘Arafah, I was in Ĥā`ir praying. I saw close to fifty thousand handsome men who smelled beautiful and who were praying Šalāt all night. It was after dawn that I prostrated and when I raised my head, I could not see any of them. Abū ‘Abdillāh (a.s.) said to me: Fifty thousand angels passed by Ĥusain (a.s.) while he was being killed so they ascended to the heavens. Allāh, the Exalted, revealed to them, “You passed by the son of My love and he was being killed but you did not help him. Descend to the earth and dwell near his grave while you are disheveled and covered with dust until the rising of the Hour.”