110. Punishment of adulterer and adulteress

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حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِیٍّ مَاجِیلَوَیْهِ عَنْ عَمِّهِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِیٍّ الْکُوفِیِّ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَیْمُونٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِیهِ ع قَالَ: لِلزَّانِی سِتَّهُ خِصَالٍ ثَلَاثٌ فِی الدُّنْیَا وَ ثَلَاثٌ فِی الْآخِرَهِ أَمَّا الَّتِی فِی الدُّنْیَا فَیَذْهَبُ بِنُورِ الْوَجْهِ وَ یُورِثُ الْفَقْرَ وَ یُعَجِّلُ الْفَنَاءَ وَ أَمَّا الَّتِی فِی الْآخِرَهِ فیسخط [فَسَخَطُ] الرَّبِّ وَ سُوءُ الْحِسَابِ وَ الْخُلُودُ فِی النَّارِ.


1. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Ali Majluwayh from his uncle Muhammad b. Ali al-Kufi from Ibn Fadhal from Abdillah b. Maymun from Abi Abdillah from his father (a.s.) who said: that there are six kinds of punishments for an adulterer. Three are related to this world and three to the hereafter. The punishments of this world are that the person will continue to lose the brilliance of his face; he will face poverty and die soon. The punishments of hereafter include displeasure of Allah on the Day of judgment, bad accounting of deeds and living in Hell forever.




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی الْحَسَنُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ یَحْیَی بْنِ الْمُغِیرَهِ عَنْ حَفْصٍ قَالَ قَالَ زَیْدُ بْنُ عَلِیٍّ ع قَالَ أَمِیرُ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ ع إِذَا کَانَ یَوْمُ الْقِیَامَهِ أَهَبَّ اللَّهُ رِیحاً مُنْتِنَهً یَتَأَذَّی بِهَا أَهْلُ الْجَمْعِ حَتَّی إِذَا هَبَّتْ تُمْسِکُ بِأَنْفَاسِ النَّاسِ نَادَاهُمْ مُنَادٍ هَلْ تَدْرُونَ مَا هَذِهِ الرِّیحُ الَّتِی قَدْ آذَتْکُمْ فَیَقُولُونَ لَا فَقَدْ آذَتْنَا وَ بَلَغَتْ مِنَّا کُلَّ مَبْلَغٍ قَالَ فَیُقَالُ هَذِهِ الرِّیحُ رِیحُ فُرُوجِ الزُّنَاهِ الَّذِینَ لَقُوا اللَّهَ بِالزِّنَاءِ ثُمَّ لَمْ یَتُوبُوا فَالْعَنُوهُمْ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ قَالَ فَلَا یَبْقَی فِی الْمَوْقِفِ أَحَدٌ إِلَّا قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنِ الزُّنَاهَ.


2. Amirul Momineen (a.s.) relates that the Almighty Allah will spread a foul stench in the air on the Day of Judgment. This stench will irritate everyone assembled over there to an extent that people will start suffocating because of it. A caller will ask, “Do you know from where this stench is coming which is troubling you so much?” People will reply, “We don’t know from where it is coming but we know that it is very suffocating indeed.” They will be told, “This is the smell of the genitals of adulterers. Those who committed adultery and passed away from the world without repenting. May Allah’s curse be upon them. You all should curse them.” Each and everyone gathered over there will say, “May Allah’s curse be upon them.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی عَلِیُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِیمَ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِیَهَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ صَبَّاحِ بْنِ سَیَابَهَ قَالَ: کُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَقِیلَ لَهُ یَزْنِی الزَّانِی وَ هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ قَالَ لَا إِذَا کَانَ عَلَی بَطْنِهَا سُلِبَ الْإِیمَانُ مِنْهُ وَ إِذَا أَقَامَ رُدَّ عَلَیْهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهُ أَرَادَ أَنْ یَعُودَ قَالَ مَا أَکْثَرَ مَنْ یَهُمُّ أَنْ یَعُودَ ثُمَّ لَا یَعُودُ.


3. The narrator was with Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) when Imam (a.s.) was asked, “Is an adulterer a believer at the time of committing that sin?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “When he is committing the sin, faith is taken away from him and returned to him after the act.” Imam was asked, “What about one who wants to commit the sin once again?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “In most cases, even if people try to do so they are not able to.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی الْعَطَّارُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عُبَیْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَهَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَعْیَنَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع یَقُولُ إِذَا زَنَی الرَّجُلُ أَدْخَلَ الشَّیْطَانُ ذَکَرَهُ فَعَمِلَا جَمِیعاً وَ کَانَتِ النُّطْفَهُ مِنْهُمَا وَ خُلِقَ مِنْهُمَا وَ خُلِقَ مِنْهَا الْوَلَدُ وَ یَکُونُ شِرْکَ الشَّیْطَانِ.


4. It is narrated that Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) said, “When a person commits fornication, he is not alone and the Shaitaan accompanies him. Both of them commit this sin together. The semen is of one person only but the child belongs to both of them. Hence he is a partner of Shaitaan.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَی بْنِ الْمُتَوَکِّلِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْکَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: ثَلَاثَهٌ لا یُکَلِّمُهُمُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَی وَ لا یُزَکِّیهِمْ وَ لَهُمْ عَذابٌ أَلِیمٌ مِنْهُمُ الْمَرْأَهُ تُوطِئُ فِی فِرَاشِ زَوْجِهَا.


5. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Musa b. al-Mutawakil who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Yahya from Ahmad b. Muhammad from Uthman b. Isa from Ibn Muskan from Muhammad b. Muslim from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “The Almighty Allah will not even talk to three kinds of persons, they will not be purified and will be given severe chastisement. One of them is that adulterer woman who used to commit fornication on the bed of her husband.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِیٍّ مَاجِیلَوَیْهِ عَنْ عَلِیِّ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِیمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ هِلَالٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: قَالَ أَمِیرُ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ ع أَ لَا أُخْبِرُکُمْ بکبر [بِأَکْبَرِ] الزِّنَاءِ قَالَ هِیَ امْرَأَهٌ تُوطِئُ فِی فِرَاشِ زَوْجِهَا فَتَأْتِی بِوَلَدٍ مِنْ غَیْرِهِ فَتُلْزِمُهُ زَوْجَهَا فَتِلْکَ الَّتِی لَا یُکَلِّمُهَا اللَّهُ وَ لَا یَنْظُرُ إِلَیْهَا یَوْمَ الْقِیَامَهِ وَ لَا یُزَکِّیهَا وَ لَهُمْ عَذابٌ أَلِیمٌ*.


6. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Ali Majluwayh from Ali b. Ibrahim from Muhammad b. Abi ’Umayr from Ishaq b. Hilal from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “Should I tell you about the greatest form of fornication? It is when a woman commits adultery on the bed of her husband and becomes pregnant with the child of other man. Later on, this child is associated with her husband. The Almighty Allah will not speak to this woman on the Day of Judgment nor look at her with mercy. She will not be purified and get a severe chastisement.”




حَدَّثَنِی عَلِیُّ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنْ عَلِیِّ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ أَشَدَّ النَّاسِ عَذَاباً یَوْمَ الْقِیَامَهِ رَجُلٌ أَقَرَّ نُطْفَتَهُ فِی رَحِمٍ یَحْرُمُ عَلَیْهِ.


7. It was narrated to me by Ali b. Ahmad b. Abdillah from his father from his grandfather Ahmad b. Abi Abdillah from his father from Uthman b. Isa from Ali b. Salim from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “The punishment of that person will be the severest who released his semen in a womb, which was prohibited for him.”




وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُکَیْرٍ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع فِی قَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا زَنَی الرَّجُلُ فَارَقَهُ رُوحُ الْإِیمَانِ قَالَ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَی وَ أَیَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحٍ مِنْهُ ذَلِکَ الَّذِی یُفَارِقُهُ.


8. The narrator asked Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.), “What is meant by the saying of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.): When a person commits fornication, the soul of faith is taken away from him?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “The soul separated from him is the same that is discussed in this verse: We granted them piety through this soul.”




وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُکَیْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَهَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع یَقُولُ لَا خَیْرَ فِی وَلَدِ الزِّنَاءِ وَ لَا فِی بَشَرِهِ وَ لَا فِی شَعْرِهِ وَ لَا فِی لَحْمِهِ وَ لَا فِی دَمِهِ وَ لَا فِی شَیْ ءٍ مِنْهُ یَعْنِی وَلَدَ الزِّنَاءِ.


9. It is narrated that Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) said, “There is no good in illegitimate children. Neither there is good in their skin nor in their hair, flesh, blood or any other thing.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِیٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَابِدٍ عَنْ أَبِی خَدِیجَهَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ لَوْ کَانَ أَحَدٌ مِنْ وَلَدِ الزِّنَاءِ نَجَا نَجَا سَائِحُ بَنِی إِسْرَائِیلَ فَقِیلَ لَهُ وَ مَا سَائِحُ بَنِی إِسْرَائِیلَ قَالَ کَانَ عَابِداً فَقِیلَ لَهُ إِنَّ وَلَدَ الزِّنَاءِ لَا یَطِیبُ أَبَداً وَ لَا یَقْبَلُ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ عَمَلًا قَالَ فَخَرَجَ یَسِیحُ بَیْنَ الْجِبَالِ وَ یَقُولُ مَا ذَنْبِی.


10. Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) said, “If illegitimate children are forgiven, the person who went around Bani Israel will be forgiven.” Imam was asked, “Who is the person who went around Bani Israel?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “He was a worshipper. He was told that illegitimate children will not be purified and none of their deeds will be accepted. The worshipper emerged in the mountains and asked: What is my fault in it?”