132. Reward of observing fast in the first nine days of Zilhajj

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حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِیمَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ عُثْمَانُ بْنُ حَمَّادٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الدَّقَّاقُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ الْعَلَّافُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مَنْصُورُ بْنُ الْمُهَاجِرِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَطَاءٍ عَنْ عَائِشَهَ أَنَّ شَابّاً کَانَ صَاحِبَ سَمَاعٍ وَ کَانَ إِذَا هَلَّ هِلَالَ ذِی الْحِجَّهِ أَصْبَحَ صَائِماً فَارْتَفَعَ الْحَدِیثُ إِلَی النَّبِیِّ ص فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَیْهِ فَدَعَاهُ فَقَالَ مَا یَحْمِلُکَ عَلَی صِیَامِ هَذِهِ الْأَیَّامِ قَالَ بِأَبِی أَنْتَ وَ أُمِّی یَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَیَّامُ الْمَشَاعِرِ وَ أَیَّامُ الْحَجِّ عَسَی اللَّهُ أَنْ یُشْرِکَنِی فِی دُعَائِهِمْ قَالَ فَإِنَّ لَکَ بِکُلِّ یَوْمٍ تَصُومُهُ عِدْلَ عِتْقِ رَقَبَهٍ وَ مِائَهِ بَدَنَهٍ وَ مِائَهِ فَرَسٍ یُحْمَلُ عَلَیْهَا فِی سَبِیلِ اللَّهِ وَ کَفَّارَهَ سِتِّینَ سَنَهً قَبْلَهَا وَ سِتِّینَ سَنَهً بَعْدَهَا.


1. It is narrated that there was a rich man. When he saw the moon of Zilhajj, he observed fast on the next day. When this news reached the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.), he called that person and asked, “Why did you observe fast on that day?” He replied, “May my parents be sacrificed on you, these are the days of Mash-a’r and Hajj. I hope Allah includes me also in their prayers.” The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said, “You will get the reward of freeing a slave, sacrificing a hundred camels and carrying the load on a hundred horses in the way of Allah for each fast. When Yaum-e-Tarweeya (8th Zilhajj) arrives you will get the reward of freeing a thousand slaves, sacrificing a thousand camels and carrying load in the way of Allah on a thousand horses. You will get the reward of freeing two thousand slaves, sacrificing two thousand camels and carrying load in the way of Allah on two thousand horses for the fast of the day of Arafah. All these are compensation for the sins of sixty years before and after it, in your life.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِیسَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَی بْنُ عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ عَلِیِّ بْنِ الْحَکَمِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ زَیْدٍ عَنْ مُوسَی بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: مَنْ صَامَ أَوَّلَ یَوْمٍ مِنَ الْعَشْرِ عَشْرِ ذِی الْحِجَّهِ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ صَوْمَ ثَمَانِینَ شَهْراً فَإِنْ صَامَ التِّسْعَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ صَوْمَ الدَّهْرِ.


2. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Ahmad b. Idris who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Ahmad who said it was narrated to us by Musa b. ’Umayr from Ali b. al-Hakam from Ahmad b. Zayd from Musa b. Ja’far (a.s.) who said: “One who fasts on the first day of Zilhajj Almighty Allah would note down the reward of the fasts of eighty months for him. If he observes fast for nine days Allah would note the reward of fasts of an age for him.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَی بْنِ الْمُتَوَکِّلِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی عَلِیُّ بْنُ الْحُسَیْنِ السَّعْدَآبَادِیُّ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: صَوْمُ یَوْمِ التَّرْوِیَهِ کَفَّارَهُ سَنَهٍ وَ یَوْمِ عَرَفَهَ کَفَّارَهُ سِنِینَ.


3. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Musa b. al-Mutawakil who said it was narrated to me by Ali b. al-Hussain al-Sa’dabadi from Ahmad b. Abi Abdillah from his father from Muhammad b. Abi ’Umayr from some of his companions from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “The fast on the day of Tarweeya is a compensation for sins committed in a year and the fast on the day of Arafah is a compensation for sins committed in two years.”