130. Excellence of Ramadan Month and reward of fasting

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حَدَّثَنِی أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی أَحْمَدُ بْنُ النَّضْرِ الْخَزَّازُ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: قَالَ یَا جَابِرُ مَنْ دَخَلَ عَلَیْهِ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ فَصَامَ نَهَارَهُ وَ قَامَ وِرْداً مِنْ لَیْلِهِ وَ حَفِظَ فَرْجَهُ وَ لِسَانَهُ وَ غَضَّ بَصَرَهُ وَ کَفَّ أَذَاهُ خَرَجَ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ کَیَوْمَ وَلَدَتْهُ أُمُّهُ قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاکَ مَا أَحْسَنَ هَذَا مِنْ حَدِیثٍ قَالَ مَا أَشَدَّهَا مِنْ شَرْطٍ.


1. It was narrated to me by my father (rah) said: it was narrated to us by Sa’d b. Abdillah who said it was narrated to us by Ahmad b. Muhammad from al-Hussain b. Saeed from Ibn Abi ’Umayr who said it was narrated to me by Ahmad b. al-Nadhr al-Khazaz from ’Amru b. Shimr from Jabir from Abi Ja’far (a.s.) who said: “May I be sacrificed, what an excellent tradition it is!” Imam (a.s.) replied, “(Also) see its conditions, which are difficult.”




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَیْنُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبَانٍ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ عُلْوَانَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: کَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا نَظَرَ إِلَی هِلَالِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ اسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَهَ بِوَجْهِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَهِلَّهُ عَلَیْنَا بِالْأَمْنِ وَ الْإِیمَانِ وَ السَّلَامَهِ وَ الْإِسْلَامِ وَ الْعَافِیَهِ الْمُجَلِّلَهِ وَ الرِّزْقِ الْوَاسِعِ وَ دَفْعِ الْأَسْقَامِ وَ تِلَاوَهِ الْقُرْآنِ وَ الْعَوْنِ عَلَی الصَّلَاهِ وَ الصِّیَامِ اللَّهُمَّ سَلِّمْنَا لِشَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَ سَلِّمْهُ لَنَا وَ تَسَلَّمْهُ مِنَّا حَتَّی یَنْقَضِیَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ قَدْ غَفَرْتَ لَنَا ثُمَّ یُقْبِلُ بِوَجْهِهِ عَلَی النَّاسِ فَیَقُولُ یَا مَعْشَرَ الْمُسْلِمِینَ إِذَا طَلَعَ هِلَالُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ غُلَّتْ مَرَدَهُ الشَّیَاطِینِ وَ فُتِّحَتْ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ وَ أَبْوَابُ الْجِنَانِ وَ أَبْوَابُ الرَّحْمَهِ وَ غُلِّقَتْ أَبْوَابُ النَّارِ وَ اسْتُجِیبَ الدُّعَاءُ وَ کَانَ لِلَّهِ عِنْدَ کُلِّ فِطْرٍ عُتَقَاءُ یُعْتِقُهُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ وَ نَادَی مُنَادٍ کُلَّ لَیْلَهٍ هَلْ مِنْ سَائِلٍ هَلْ مِنْ مُسْتَغْفِرٍ اللَّهُمَّ أَعْطِ کُلَّ مُنْفِقٍ حَقّاً وَ أَعْطِ کُلَّ مُمْسِکٍ تَلَفاً حَتَّی إِذَا طَلَعَ هِلَالُ شَوَّالٍ نُودِیَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ اغْدُوا إِلَی جَوَائِزِکُمْ فَهُوَ یَوْمُ الْجَائِزَهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع أَمَا وَ الَّذِی نَفْسِی بِیَدِهِ مَا هِیَ بِجَائِزَهِ الدَّنَانِیرِ وَ الدَّرَاهِمِ.


2. Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) says, “When the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) used to see the moon of the month of Ramadan he used to face Qibla and recite: Allaahumma ahillu a’lainaa bil amni wal eemaani was salaamati wal islaami wal aa’fiyatil mujallalati war rizqil waasi-i’ wad daf- i’l asqaami wa tilaawatil qur-aani wal a’uni a’las’ s’alaati was’ s’iyaam. Allaahumma sallimnaa lishahri ramaz”aana wa sallamhu lanaa wa tasallamhu minnaa h’attaa yanqaz”iya shahru ramaz”aana waqad ghafarta lanaa’.” Imam (a.s.) at towards the people and said, “O Muslims! As soon as the moon of Ramadan appears, the cursed Satan is shackled in chains. The doors of heavens, Paradise and mercy are opened. The doors of Hell are closed. Supplications are accepted. A large number of people are freed by Allah at the time of Iftar daily. A caller calls out every night, ‘Is there anyone who has a wish or wants salvation? O Lord! Reward everyone who spends in Your way and ruin the wealth of every miser till the moon of the month of Shawwal appears’. Then a call is give to the believers, ‘O early risers! Come out and take your rewards. Today is the day of rewarding.’ Then Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) said, “I swear by Him in Whose protection is my life, surely these rewards are not dirham and dinar.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِیِّ بْنِ مَاجِیلَوَیْهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی الْعَطَّارُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ هِلَالٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِی نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ النَّبِیَّ ص لَمَّا انْصَرَفَ مِنْ عَرَفَاتٍ وَ سَارَ إِلَی مِنًی دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَاجْتَمَعَ إِلَیْهِ النَّاسُ یَسْأَلُونَهُ عَنْ لَیْلَهِ الْقَدْرِ فَقَامَ خَطِیباً فَقَالَ بَعْدَ الثَّنَاءِ عَلَی اللَّهِ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَأَیُّکُمْ سَأَلْتُمُونِی عَنْ لَیْلَهِ الْقِدْرِ فَلَمْ أَطْوِهَا عَنْکُمْ لِأَنِّی لَمْ أَکُنْ بِهَا عَالِماً اعْلَمُوا أَیُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنَّهُ مَنْ وَرَدَ عَلَیْهِ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ هُوَ صَحِیحٌ سَوِیٌّ فَصَامَ نَهَارَهُ وَ قَامَ وِرْداً مِنْ لَیْلِهِ وَ وَاظَبَ عَلَی صَلَاتِهِ وَ هَاجَرَ إِلَی جُمُعَتِهِ وَ غَدَا إِلَی عِیدِهِ فَقَدْ أَدْرَکَ لَیْلَهَ الْقَدْرِ وَ فَازَ بِجَائِزَهِ الرَّبِّ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَازَ وَ اللَّهِ بِجَوَائِزَ لَیْسَتْ کَجَوَائِزِ الْعِبَادِ.


3. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Ali b. Majluwayh who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Yahya al-’Attar from Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Ahmad b. Hilal from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr from Aban from Abi Ja’far (a.s.) who said: “That person has received such bounties, which are not at all comparable to the bounties of human beings.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَهَ عَنْ سَیْفِ بْنِ عَمِیرَهَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُبَیْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِی بَصِیرٍ عَنْ أَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص لَمَّا حَضَرَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ ذَلِکَ فِی ثَلَاثٍ بَقِینَ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ قَالَ لِبِلَالٍ نَادِ فِی النَّاسِ فَجُمِعَ النَّاسُ فَصَعِدَ الْمِنْبَرَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَ أَثْنَی عَلَیْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَیُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ هَذَا لَشَهْرٌ قَدْ حَضَرَکُمْ وَ هُوَ سَیِّدُ الشُّهُورِ لَیْلَهٌ فِیهِ خَیْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ تُغْلَقُ فِیهِ أَبْوَابُ النَّارِ وَ تُفَتَّحُ فِیهِ أَبْوَابُ الْجِنَانِ فَمَنْ أَدْرَکَهُ فَلَمْ یُغْفَرْ لَهُ فَأَبْعَدَهُ اللَّهُ وَ مَنْ أَدْرَکَ وَالِدَیْهِ فَلَمْ یُغْفَرْ لَهُ فَأَبْعَدَهُ اللَّهُ وَ مَنْ ذُکِرْتُ عِنْدَهُ فَلَمْ یُصَلِّ عَلَیَّ فَلَمْ یُغْفَرْ لَهُ فَأَبْعَدَهُ اللَّهُ.


4. Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) says that the month of Ramadan was nearing and three days of Shaban were left when the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) told Bilal (r.a.) to call people to him. When people came, the Holy Prophet mounted the pulpit and praised and glorified the Lord. Then he said, “The month, which you are going to have now is supreme among all other months. There is a night in this month, which is better than a thousand months. The doors of Hell are closed in this month and the doors of Paradise are opened. One who is not forgiven in this month also Allah distances him. Similarly, a person has parents and is not able to get himself forgiven Allah distances him. One who does not recite Salawat when my name is mentioned in front of him, his salvation is not possible and Allah distances him.”




وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ عُلْوَانَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ زَیْدِ بْنِ عَلِیٍّ عَنْ آبَائِهِ عَنْ عَلِیٍّ ع قَالَ: لَمَّا حَضَرَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَ أَثْنَی عَلَیْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَیُّهَا النَّاسُ کَفَاکُمُ اللَّهُ عَدُوَّکُمْ مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَ قَالَ ادْعُونِی أَسْتَجِبْ لَکُمْ وَ وَعَدَکُمُ الْإِجَابَهَ أَلَا وَ قَدْ وَکَّلَ اللَّهُ بِکُلِّ شَیْطَانٍ مَرِیدٍ سَبْعَهً مِنْ مَلَائِکَتِهِ فَلَیْسَ بمخلوق [بِمَحْلُولٍ] حَتَّی یَنْقَضِیَ شَهْرُکُمْ هَذَا أَلَا وَ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ مُفَتَّحَهٌ مِنْ أَوَّلِ لَیْلَهٍ مِنْهُ أَلَا وَ الدُّعَاءُ فِیهِ مَقْبُولٌ.


5. Amirul Momineen (a.s.) says that when the month of Ramadan arrived, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) stood to deliver a sermon. After praising and glorifying Allah, he said, “O people! The Almighty Allah has protected you from your enemies and He says, ‘Call upon Me, I will answer you’. You have been given the assurance of acceptance of supplications. Seven angels are appointed for arresting each Satan so that none can overpower you till the end of this month. Know that, the doors of heaven are opened from the first night of Ramadan and that the supplications in this month are always accepted.”




وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ جَمِیلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع یَقُولُ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فِی کُلِّ لَیْلَهٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عُتَقَاءَ وَ طُلَقَاءَ مِنَ النَّارِ إِلَّا مَنْ أَفْطَرَ عَلَی مُسْکِرٍ فَإِذَا کَانَ آخِرُ لَیْلَهٍ مِنْهُ أَعْتَقَ فِیهَا مِثْلَ مَا أَعْتَقَ فِی جَمِیعِهِ.


6. It is narrated that Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) said, “Surely, the Almighty Allah frees a large number of people on every night of the month of Ramadan. However one who concludes his fast with an intoxicant won’t be freed. The number of people freed in one night of the month of 2 Surah Momin 40:60 Ramadan is equal to the number of people freed in all the past nights.”




وَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَی بْنِ الْمُتَوَکِّلِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الْحِمْیَرِیُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ الزَّرَّادُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أَیُّوبَ عَنْ أَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: خَطَبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فِی آخِرِ جُمُعَهٍ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَ أَثْنَی عَلَیْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَیُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ أَظَلَّکُمْ شَهْرٌ فِیهِ لَیْلَهٌ خَیْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ وَ هُوَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ صِیَامَهُ وَ جَعَلَ قِیَامَ لَیْلَهٍ فِیهِ بِتَطَوُّعِ صَلَاهٍ کَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ بِصَلَاهِ سَبْعِینَ لَیْلَهً فِیمَا سِوَاهُ مِنَ الشُّهُورِ وَ جَعَلَ لِمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ فِیهِ بِخَصْلَهٍ مِنْ خِصَالِ الْخَیْرِ وَ الْبِرِّ کَأَجْرِ مَنْ أَدَّی فَرِیضَهً مِنْ فَرَائِضِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ کَمَنْ أَدَّی سَبْعِینَ فَرِیضَهً مِنْ فَرَائِضِ اللَّهِ فِیمَا سِوَاهُ مِنَ الشُّهُورِ وَ هُوَ شَهْرُ الصَّبْرِ وَ إِنَّ الصَّبْرَ ثَوَابُهُ الْجَنَّهُ وَ هُوَ شَهْرُ الْمُوَاسَاهِ وَ هُوَ شَهْرٌ یَزِیدُ اللَّهُ فِیهِ رِزْقَ الْمُؤْمِنِ وَ مَنْ فَطَّرَ فِیهِ مُؤْمِناً صَائِماً کَانَ لَهُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ بِذَلِکَ عِتْقُ رَقَبَهٍ وَ مَغْفِرَهٌ لِذُنُوبِهِ فِیمَا مَضَی- فَقِیلَ لَهُ یَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَیْسَ کُلُّنَا نَقْدِرُ عَلَی أَنْ نُفَطِّرَ صَائِماً فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ کَرِیمٌ یُعْطِی هَذَا الثَّوَابَ مَنْ لَمْ یَقْدِرْ إِلَّا عَلَی مَذْقَهٍ مِنْ لَبَنٍ یُفَطِّرُ بِهَا صَائِماً أَوْ شَرْبَهٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ عَذْبٍ أَوْ تَمَرَاتٍ لَا یَقْدِرُ عَلَی أَکْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِکَ وَ مَنْ خَفَّفَ فِیهِ عَلَی مَمْلُوکٍ خَفَّفَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ عَلَیْهِ حِسَابَهُ وَ هُوَ شَهْرٌ أَوَّلُهُ رَحْمَهٌ وَ وَسَطُهُ مَغْفِرَهٌ وَ آخِرُهُ إِجَابَهٌ وَ الْعِتْقُ مِنَ النَّارِ وَ لَا غِنَی بِکُمْ فِیهِ عَنْ أَرْبَعِ خِصَالٍ خَصْلَتَیْنِ تُرْضُونَ اللَّهَ بِهِمَا وَ خَصْلَتَیْنِ لَا غِنَی بِکُمْ عَنْهُمَا أَمَّا اللَّتَانِ تُرْضُونَ اللَّهَ بِهِمَا فَشَهَادَهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ أَنِّی رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ أَمَّا اللَّتَانِ لَا غِنَی بِکُمْ عَنْهُمَا فَتَسْأَلُونَ اللَّهَ فِیهِ حَوَائِجَکُمْ وَ الْجَنَّهَ وَ تَسْأَلُونَ اللَّهَ فِیهِ الْعَافِیَهَ وَ تَعُوذُونَ بِهِ مِنَ النَّارِ.


7. Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) says that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) gave a sermon to people on the last Friday of Shaban. After praising and glorifying the Almighty, he said, “O people! Soon you will encounter a month whose one night is better than a thousand months. It is the month of Ramadan and Allah has made fasts obligatory for you in this month. A night of this month, in which one worships Allah offering recommended prayers, has a better reward than doing so for seventy nights in other months. Doing recommended acts in this month is equivalent to the reward of obligatory deeds of other months. Performing an obligatory deed in this month has reward equal to performing seventy such acts in other months. It is the month of patience and reward of patience is Paradise. This is the month of helping others. One who helps a believer in his Iftar, the Almighty Allah would grant him the reward of freeing a slave and his past sins would be forgiven.” People said, “O Messenger of Allah! We all are not capable of offering Iftar to others.” The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said, “Allah is Merciful and He grant this reward to that person also who gives a little milk or a glass of drink or a few dates to others for Iftar. A person who is kind to slaves in this month, the Almighty Allah would be kind to him in accounting of his deeds. This is a month whose beginning is with mercy, middle is forgiveness and the end is with acceptance of supplications and freedom from Hell. There are four characteristics, which you cannot avoid. With two of them, you can please Allah and you cannot neglect the other two also. They are bearing witness that there is no lord except Allah and that I am His Messenger. And the two things, which you cannot avoid, are that you seek Paradise and protection against the fire of Hell from Allah.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَهَ عَنْ سَیْفِ بْنِ عَمِیرَهَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُبَیْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص لَمَّا حَضَرَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ ذَلِکَ فِی ثَلَاثٍ بَقِینَ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ فَقَالَ لِبِلَالٍ نَادِ فِی النَّاسِ فَجُمِعَ النَّاسُ ثُمَّ صَعِدَ الْمِنْبَرَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَ أَثْنَی عَلَیْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَیُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ هَذَا لَشَهْرٌ قَدْ حَضَرَکُمْ وَ هُوَ سَیِّدُ الشُّهُورِ فِیهِ لَیْلَهُ الْقَدْرِ خَیْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ یُغْلَقُ فِیهِ أَبْوَابُ النَّارِ وَ یُفْتَحُ فِیهِ أَبْوَابُ الْجِنَانِ فَمَنْ أَدْرَکَهُ فَلَمْ یُغْفَرْ لَهُ فَأَبْعَدَهُ اللَّهُ وَ مَنْ أَدْرَکَ وَالِدَیْهِ فَلَمْ یُغْفَرْ لَهُ فَأَبْعَدَهُ اللَّهُ وَ مَنْ ذُکِرْتُ عِنْدَهُ فَلَمْ یُصَلِّ عَلَیَّ فَلَمْ یُغْفَرْ لَهُ فَأَبْعَدَهُ اللَّهُ.


8. Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) narrates that the month of Ramadan was nearing and three days of Shaban were left when the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) told Bilal (r.a.) to call people to him. When people came, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) mounted the pulpit and praised and glorified the Lord. Then he said, “The month, which you are going to have now is supreme among all other months. There is a night in this month, which is better than a thousand months. The doors of Hell are closed in this month and the doors of Paradise are opened. One who is not forgiven in this month also then Allah distances him. Similarly if a person has parents and is not able to get himself forgiven then Allah distances him. One who does not recite Salawat when I am mentioned in front of him, his salvation is not possible and Allah distances him.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی إِبْرَاهِیمُ بْنُ مَهْزِیَارَ عَنْ أَخِیهِ عَنْ عَلِیٍّ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِیِّ بْنِ أَبِی حَمْزَهَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فِی حَدِیثٍ طَوِیلٍ فِی آخِرِهِ أَنَّ أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ تُفَتَّحُ فِی رَمَضَانَ وَ تُصَفَّدُ الشَّیَاطِینُ وَ تُقْبَلُ أَعْمَالُ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ نِعْمَ الشَّهْرُ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ کَانَ یُسَمَّی عَلَی عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص الْمَرْزُوقَ.


9. Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) says at the end of a lengthy tradition, “In the month of Ramadan, the doors of heavens are opened, satans are shackled in chains and the deeds of believers are accepted. Ramadan is an excellent month. It was also called the al-Marzooq (a month in which bounties are given) during the time of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.).”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَکَمِ أَخِی هِشَامٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ یَزِیدَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ لِلَّهِ فِی کُلِّ لَیْلَهٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عُتَقَاءَ مِنَ النَّارِ إِلَّا مَنْ أَفْطَرَ عَلَی مُسْکِرٍ أَوْ مُشَاحِناً وَ صَاحِبَ الشَّاهَیْنِ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَ أَیُّ شَیْ ءٍ صَاحِبُ الشَّاهَیْنِ قَالَ الشِّطْرَنْجُ.


10. Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) says, “The freedom from the fire of Hell is assured by Allah during the nights of Ramadan except for a person who concludes his fast with an intoxicant or one who is malicious and one who possesses Shaheen.” The narrator asked, “What is this Shaheen?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “Chess.”




وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَیْنَهَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ وَ زُرَارَهَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ حُمْرَانَ أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ- إِنَّا أَنْزَلْناهُ فِی لَیْلَهِ الْقَدْرِ قَالَ نَعَمْ هِیَ لَیْلَهُ الْقَدْرِ وَ هِیَ فِی کُلِّ سَنَهٍ فِی شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِی الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ فَلَمْ یُنْزَلِ الْقُرْآنُ إِلَّا فِی لَیْلَهِ الْقَدْرِ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ فِیها یُفْرَقُ کُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَکِیمٍ قَالَ یُقَدَّرُ فِی لَیْلَهِ الْقَدْرِ کُلُّ شَیْ ءٍ یَکُونُ فِی تِلْکَ السَّنَهِ إِلَی مِثْلِهَا مِنْ قَابِلٍ مِنْ خَیْرٍ أَوْ شَرٍّ أَوْ طَاعَهٍ أَوْ مَعْصِیَهٍ أَوْ مَوْلُودٍ أَوْ أَجَلٍ أَوْ رِزْقٍ فَمَا قُدِّرَ فِی تِلْکَ اللَّیْلَهِ وَ قُضِیَ فَهُوَ مِنَ الْمَحْتُومِ وَ لِلَّهِ فِیهِ الْمَشِیَّهُ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ لَیْلَهُ الْقَدْرِ خَیْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ أَیُّ شَیْ ءٍ عَنَی بِهَا قَالَ الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ فِیهَا مِنَ الصَّلَاهِ وَ الزَّکَاهِ وَ أَنْوَاعِ الْخَیْرِ خَیْرٌ مِنَ الْعَمَلِ فِی أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ لَیْسَ فِیهَا لَیْلَهُ الْقَدْرِ وَ لَوْ لَا مَا یُضَاعِفُ اللَّهُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِینَ مَا بَلَغُوا وَ لَکِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ یُضَاعِفُ لَهُمُ الْحَسَنَاتِ.


11. The narrator asked Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.), “Allah says, ‘Surely We revealed it (Quran) on a blessed night’,so which is that blessed night?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “It is the night of Qadr (power), which is one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. The Holy Quran was revealed in the night of Qadr only. Allah, the Mighty and Sublime says, ‘The fate of everything would be decided by the Divine order in this night’. All the good and bad, obedience and disobedience, birth and death, earnings etc. are decided by the Will of Allah for the whole year in this night only.” The narrator asked, “What is the meaning of verse: ‘The grand night is better than a thousand months’?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “The reward of good deeds performed in this night is better than that of doing the same for a thousand months without the night of Qadr. If the Almighty Allah wouldn’t have multiplied the reward for a believer they wouldn’t have got it but He multiplies the reward for them.”




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِیمَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَیَّوَیْهِ الْجُرْجَانِیُّ الْمُذَکِّرُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ إِبْرَاهِیمُ بْنُ بِلَالٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ کَرَّامٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْیَانُ بْنُ عُیَیْنَهَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِیَهُ بْنُ أَبِی إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ سَعِیدِ بْنِ جُبَیْرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ مَا لِمَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ وَ عَرَفَ حَقَّهُ قَالَ تَهَیَّأْ یَا ابْنَ جُبَیْرٍ حَتَّی أُحَدِّثَکَ بِمَا لَمْ تَسْمَعْ أُذُنَاکَ وَ لَمْ یَمُرَّ عَلَی قَلْبِکَ فَرِّغْ نَفْسَکَ لِمَا سَأَلْتَنِی عَنْهُ فَمَا أَرَدْتَهُ إِلَّا عِلْمَ الْأَوَّلِینَ وَ الْآخِرِینَ قَالَ سَعِیدُ بْنُ جُبَیْرٍ فَخَرَجْتُ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ فَتَهَیَّأْتُ لَهُ مِنَ الْغَدِ فَبَکَّرْتُ إِلَیْهِ مِنْ طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ فَصَلَّیْتُ الْفَجْرَ ثُمَّ ذَکَرَ الْحَدِیثَ فَحَوَّلَ وَجْهَهُ إِلَیَّ فَقَالَ اسْمَعْ مِنِّی مَا أَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص یَقُولُ لَوْ عَلِمْتُمْ مَا لَکُمْ فِی رَمَضَانَ لَزِدْتُمْ لِلَّهِ شُکْراً إِذَا کَانَ أَوَّلُ لَیْلَهٍ مِنْهُ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لِأُمَّتِیَ الذُّنُوبَ کُلَّهَا سِرَّهَا وَ عَلَانِیَتَهَا وَ رَفَعَ لَکُمْ أَلْفَیْ أَلْفِ دَرَجَهٍ وَ بَنَی لَکُمْ خَمْسِینَ مَدِینَهً- وَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ یَوْمَ الثَّانِی بِکُلِّ خُطْوَهٍ تَخْطُونَهَا فِی ذَلِکَ الْیَوْمِ عِبَادَهَ سَنَهٍ وَ ثَوَابَ نَبِیٍّ وَ کَتَبَ لَکُمْ صَوْمَ سَنَهٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ الثَّالِثِ بِکُلِّ شَعْرَهٍ عَلَی أَبْدَانِکُمْ قُبَّهً فِی الْفِرْدَوْسِ مِنْ دُرَّهٍ بَیْضَاءَ فِی أَعْلَاهَا اثْنَا عَشَرَ أَلْفَ بَیْتٍ مِنَ النُّورِ فِی کُلِّ بَیْتٍ أَلْفُ سَرِیرٍ عَلَی کُلِّ سَرِیرٍ حَوْرَاءُ یَدْخُلُ عَلَیْکُمْ کُلَّ یَوْمٍ أَلْفُ مَلَکٍ مَعَ کُلِّ مَلَکٍ هَدِیَّهٌ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ الرَّابِعِ فِی جَنَّهِ الْخُلْدِ سَبْعِینَ أَلْفَ قَصْرٍ فِی کُلِّ قَصْرٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ بَیْتٍ فِی کُلِّ بَیْتٍ خَمْسُونَ أَلْفَ سَرِیرٍ عَلَی کُلِّ سَرِیرٍ حَوْرَاءُ وَ مَعَ کُلِّ حَوْرَاءَ أَلْفُ وَصِیفَهٍ خِمَارُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ خَیْرٌ مِنَ الدُّنْیَا وَ مَا فِیهَا وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ الْخَامِسِ فِی جَنَّهِ الْمَأْوَی أَلْفَ مَدِینَهٍ فِی کُلِّ مَدِینَهٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ بَیْتٍ فِی کُلِّ بَیْتٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ مَائِدَهٍ عَلَی کُلِّ مَائِدَهٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ قَصْعَهٍ فِی کُلِّ قَصْعَهٍ سِتُّونَ أَلْفَ لَوْنٍ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ لَا یُشْبِهُ بَعْضُهُ بَعْضاً وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ السَّادِسِ فِی دَارِ السَّلَامِ مِائَهَ أَلْفِ مَدِینَهٍ فِی کُلِّ مَدِینَهٍ مِائَهُ أَلْفِ دَارٍ فِی کُلِّ دَارٍ مِائَهُ أَلْفِ بَیْتٍ فِی کُلِّ بَیْتٍ مِائَهُ أَلْفِ سَرِیرٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ طُولُ کُلِّ سَرِیرٍ أَلْفَا ذِرَاعٍ عَلَی کُلِّ سَرِیرٍ زَوْجَهٌ مِنَ الْحُورِ الْعِینِ عَلَیْهَا ثَلَاثُونَ أَلْفَ ذُؤَابَهٍ مَنْسُوجَهٍ بِالدُّرِّ وَ الْیَاقُوتِ تَحْمِلُ کُلَّ ذُؤَابَهٍ مِائَهُ جَارِیَهٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ السَّابِعِ فِی جَنَّهِ النَّعِیمِ ثَوَابَ أَرْبَعِینَ أَلْفَ شَهِیدٍ وَ أَرْبَعِینَ أَلْفَ صِدِّیقٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ الثَّامِنِ مِثْلَ عَمَلِ سِتِّینَ أَلْفَ عَابِدٍ وَ سِتِّینَ أَلْفَ زَاهِدٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ التَّاسِعِ مَا یُعْطِی أَلْفَ عَالِمٍ وَ أَلْفَ مُعْتَکِفٍ وَ أَلْفَ مُرَابِطٍ- وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ الْعَاشِرِ قَضَاءَ سَبْعِینَ أَلْفَ حَاجَهٍ وَ یَسْتَغْفِرُ لَکُمُ الشَّمْسُ وَ الْقَمَرُ وَ النُّجُومُ وَ الدَّوَابُّ وَ الطَّیْرُ وَ السِّبَاعُ وَ کُلُّ حَجَرٍ وَ مَدَرٍ وَ کُلُّ رَطْبٍ وَ یَابِسٍ وَ الْحِیتَانُ فِی الْبِحَارِ وَ الْأَوْرَاقُ عَلَی الْأَشْجَارِ وَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ یَوْمَ حَادِیَ عَشَرَ ثَوَابَ أَرْبَعِ حِجَّاتٍ وَ أَرْبَعِ عُمُرَاتٍ کُلُّ حِجَّهٍ مَعَ نَبِیٍّ مِنَ الْأَنْبِیَاءِ وَ کُلُّ عُمْرَهٍ مَعَ صِدِّیقٍ أَوْ شَهِیدٍ وَ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ یَوْمَ ثَانِیَ عَشَرَ أَنْ یُبَدِّلَ اللَّهُ سَیِّئَاتِکُمْ حَسَنَاتٍ وَ یَجْعَلَ حَسَنَاتِکُمْ أضعاف [أَضْعَافاً] وَ یَکْتُبَ لَکُمْ بِکُلِّ حَسَنَهٍ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ حَسَنَهٍ وَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ یَوْمَ ثَالِثَ عَشَرَ مِثْلَ عِبَادَهِ أَهْلِ مَکَّهَ وَ الْمَدِینَهِ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ بِکُلِّ حَجَرٍ وَ مَدَرٍ مَا بَیْنَ مَکَّهَ وَ الْمَدِینَهِ شَفَاعَهً- وَ یَوْمَ رَابِعَ عَشَرَ فَکَأَنَّمَا لَقِیتُمْ آدَمَ وَ نُوحاً وَ بَعْدَهُمَا إِبْرَاهِیمَ وَ مُوسَی وَ عِیسَی وَ بَعْدَهُمْ دَاوُدَ وَ سُلَیْمَانَ وَ کَأَنَّمَا عَبَدْتُمُ اللَّهَ مَعَ کُلِّ نَبِیٍّ مِائَتَیْ سَنَهٍ وَ قَضَی لَکُمْ یَوْمَ خَامِسَ عَشَرَ کُلَّ حَاجَهٍ مِنْ حَوَائِجِ الدُّنْیَا وَ الْآخِرَهِ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ مَا أَعْطَی أَیُّوبَ وَ اسْتَجَابَ اللَّهُ دُعَاءَکُمْ وَ اسْتَغْفَرَ لَکُمْ حَمَلَهُ الْعَرْشِ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ الْقِیَامَهِ أَرْبَعِینَ نُوراً عَشَرَهً عَنْ یَمِینِکُمْ وَ عَشَرَهً عَنْ یَسَارِکُمْ وَ عَشَرَهً أَمَامَکُمْ وَ عَشَرَهً خَلْفَکُمْ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ سَادِسَ عَشَرَ إِذَا خَرَجْتُمْ مِنَ الْقَبْرِ سِتِّینَ حُلَّهً تَلْبَسُونَهَا وَ نَاقَهً تَرْکَبُونَهَا وَ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَیْکُمْ غَمَامَهً تُظِلُّکُمْ مِنْ حَرِّ ذَلِکَ الْیَوْمِ وَ إِذَا کَانَ یَوْمُ سَابِعَ عَشَرَ یَقُولُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِنِّی قَدْ غَفَرْتُ لَهُمْ وَ لِآبَائِهِمْ وَ رَفَعْتُ عَنْهُمْ شَدَائِدَ یَوْمِ الْقِیَامَهِ- وَ إِذَا کَانَ یَوْمُ ثَامِنَ عَشَرَ أَمَرَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَکَ وَ تَعَالَی جَبْرَئِیلَ وَ مِیکَائِیلَ وَ إِسْرَافِیلَ وَ حَمَلَهَ الْعَرْشِ وَ الْکُرْسِیِّ وَ الکروبین [الْکَرُوبِیِّینَ] أَنْ یَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِأُمَّهِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص إِلَی السَّنَهِ الْقَابِلَهِ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ یَوْمَ الْقِیَامَهِ ثَوَابَ الْبَدْرِیِّینَ وَ إِذَا کَانَ یَوْمُ التَّاسِعَ عَشَرَ لَمْ یَبْقَ مَلَکٌ فِی السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا اسْتَأْذَنُوا رَبَّهُمْ فِی زِیَارَهِ قُبُورِکُمْ کُلَّ یَوْمٍ وَ مَعَ کُلِّ مَلَکٍ هَدِیَّهٌ وَ شَرَابٌ فَإِذَا تَمَّ لَکُمْ عِشْرُونَ یَوْماً بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَیْکُمْ سَبْعِینَ أَلْفَ مَلَکٍ یَحْفَظُونَکُمْ مِنْ کُلِّ شَیْطَانٍ رَجِیمٍ وَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ بِکُلِّ یَوْمٍ صُمْتُمْ صَوْمَ مِائَهِ سَنَهٍ وَ جَعَلَ بَیْنَکُمْ وَ بَیْنَ النَّارِ خَنْدَقاً وَ أَعْطَاکُمْ ثَوَابَ مَنْ قَرَأَ التَّوْرَاهَ وَ الْإِنْجِیلَ وَ الزَّبُورَ وَ الْفُرْقَانَ وَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ بِکُلِّ رِیشَهٍ عَلَی جَبْرَئِیلَ ع عِبَادَهَ سَنَهٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمْ ثَوَابَ تَسْبِیحِ الْعَرْشِ وَ الْکُرْسِیِّ وَ زَوَّجَکُمْ بِکُلِّ آیَهٍ فِی الْقُرْآنِ أَلْفَ حَوْرَاءَ وَ یَوْمَ أَحَدٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ یُوَسِّعُ اللَّهُ عَلَیْکُمُ الْقَبْرَ أَلْفَ فَرْسَخٍ وَ یَرْفَعُ عَنْکُمُ الظُّلْمَهَ وَ الْوَحْشَهَ وَ یَجْعَلُ قُبُورَکُمْ قُبُورَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ یَجْعَلُ وُجُوهَکُمْ کَوَجْهِ یُوسُفَ بْنِ یَعْقُوبَ ع وَ یَوْمَ اثْنَیْنِ وَ عِشْرِینَ یَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ إِلَیْکُمْ مَلَکَ الْمَوْتِ کَمَا یَبْعَثُ إِلَی الْأَنْبِیَاءِ ع وَ رَفَعَ عَنْکُمْ هَوْلَ مُنْکَرٍ وَ نَکِیرٍ وَ یَدْفَعُ عَنْکُمْ هَمَّ الدُّنْیَا وَ عَذَابَ الْآخِرَهِ- وَ یَوْمَ ثَالِثٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ تَمُرُّونَ عَلَی الصِّرَاطِ مَعَ النَّبِیِّینَ وَ الصِّدِّیقِینَ وَ الشُّهَداءِ وَ الصَّالِحِینَ وَ کَأَنَّمَا أَشْبَعْتُمْ کُلَّ یَتِیمٍ فِی أُمَّتِی وَ کَسَوْتُمْ کُلَّ عُرْیَانٍ مِنْ أُمَّتِی وَ یَوْمَ رَابِعٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ لَا تَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ الدُّنْیَا حَتَّی یَرَی کُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْکُمْ مَکَانَهُ فِی الْجَنَّهِ وَ یُعْطَی کُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْکُمْ ثَوَابَ أَلْفِ مَرِیضٍ وَ أَلْفِ غَرِیبٍ خَرَجُوا فِی طَاعَهِ اللَّهِ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ ثَوَابَ عِتْقِ أَلْفِ رَقَبَهٍ مِنْ وُلْدِ إِسْمَاعِیلَ ع وَ یَوْمَ خَامِسٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ بَنَی اللَّهُ لَکُمْ تَحْتَ الْعَرْشِ أَلْفَ قُبَّهٍ خَضْرَاءَ عَلَی رَأْسِ کُلِّ قُبَّهٍ خَیْمَهٌ مِنْ نُورٍ یَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَکَ وَ تَعَالَی یَا أُمَّهَ أَحْمَدَ أَنَا رَبُّکُمْ وَ أَنْتُمْ عَبِیدِی وَ إِمَائِی اسْتَظِلُّوا بِظِلِّ عَرْشِی فِی هَذِهِ الْقِبَابِ وَ کُلُوا وَ اشْرَبُوا هَنِیئاً فَ لا خَوْفٌ عَلَیْکُمْ وَ لا أَنْتُمْ تَحْزَنُونَ یَا أُمَّهَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عِزَّتِی وَ جَلَالِی لَأَبْعَثَنَّکُمْ إِلَی الْجَنَّهِ یَتَعَجَّبُ مِنْکُمُ الْأَوَّلُونَ وَ الْآخِرُونَ وَ لَأُتَوِّجَنَّ کُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْکُمْ بِأَلْفِ تَاجٍ مِنْ نُورٍ وَ لَأُرْکِبَنَّ کُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْکُمْ عَلَی نَاقَهٍ خُلِقَتْ مِنْ نُورٍ زِمَامُهَا مِنْ نُورٍ فِی ذَلِکَ الزِّمَامِ أَلْفُ حَلْقَهٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ وَ فِی کُلِّ حَلْقَهٍ قَائِمٌ عَلَیْهَا مَلَکٌ مِنَ الْمَلَائِکَهِ بِیَدِ کُلِّ مَلَکٍ عَمُودٌ مِنْ نُورٍ حَتَّی یَدْخُلَ الْجَنَّهَ بِغَیْرِ حِسابٍ- وَ إِذَا کَانَ یَوْمَ سَادِسٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ یَنْظُرُ اللَّهُ إِلَیْکُمْ بِالرَّحْمَهِ فَیَغْفِرُ لَکُمُ الذُّنُوبَ کُلَّهَا إِلَّا الدِّمَاءَ وَ الْأَمْوَالَ وَ قَدَّسَ بَیْنَکُمْ کُلَّ یَوْمٍ سَبْعِینَ مَرَّهً مِنَ الْغِیبَهِ وَ الْکَذِبِ وَ الْبُهْتَانِ وَ إِذَا کَانَ یَوْمُ سَابِعٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ فَکَأَنَّمَا نَصَرْتُمْ کُلَّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَ مُؤْمِنَهٍ وَ کَسَوْتُمْ سَبْعِینَ أَلْفَ عَارِی وَ خَدَمْتُمْ أَلْفَ مُرَابِطٍ وَ کَأَنَّمَا قَرَأْتُمْ کُلَّ کِتَابٍ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَی أَنْبِیَائِهِ وَ یَوْمَ ثَامِنٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ فِی جَنَّهِ الْخُلْدِ مِائَهَ أَلْفِ مَدِینَهٍ مِنْ نُورٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ فِی جَنَّهِ الْمَأْوَی مِائَهَ أَلْفِ قَصْرٍ مِنْ فِضَّهٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ فِی جَنَّهِ النَّعِیمِ مِائَهَ أَلْفِ دَارٍ مِنْ عَنْبَرٍ أَشْهَبَ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ فِی جَنَّهِ الْفِرْدَوْسِ مِائَهَ أَلْفِ مَدِینَهٍ فِی کُلِّ مَدِینَهٍ أَلْفُ حُجْرَهٍ وَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ فِی جَنَّهِ النَّعِیمِ مِائَهَ أَلْفِ مِنْبَرٍ مِنْ مِسْکٍ فِی جَوْفِ کُلِّ مِنْبَرٍ أَلْفُ بَیْتٍ مِنْ زَعْفَرَانٍ فِی کُلِّ بَیْتٍ أَلْفُ سَرِیرٍ مِنْ دُرٍّ وَ یَاقُوتٍ عَلَی کُلِّ سَرِیرٍ زَوْجَهٌ مِنَ الْحُورِ الْعِینِ وَ إِذَا کَانَ یَوْمَ تَاسِعٍ وَ عِشْرِینَ أَعْطَاکُمُ اللَّهُ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ مَحَلَّهٍ فِی جَوْفِ کُلِّ مَحَلَّهٍ قُبَّهٌ بَیْضَاءُ فِی کُلِّ قُبَّهٍ سَرِیرٌ مِنْ کَافُورٍ أَبْیَضَ عَلَی ذَلِکَ السَّرِیرِ أَلْفُ فِرَاشٍ مِنَ السُّنْدُسِ الْأَخْضَرِ فَوْقَ کُلِّ فِرَاشٍ حَوْرَاءُ عَلَیْهَا سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ حُلَّهٍ وَ عَلَی رَأْسِهَا ثَمَانُونَ أَلْفَ ذُؤَابَهٍ وَ کُلُّ ذُؤَابَهٍ مُکَلَّلَهٌ بِالدُّرِّ وَ الْیَاقُوتِ فَإِذَا تَمَّ ثَلَاثُونَ یَوْماً کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ بِکُلِّ یَوْمٍ مَرَّ عَلَیْکُمْ ثَوَابَ أَلْفِ شَهِیدٍ وَ أَلْفِ صِدِّیقٍ وَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ عِبَادَهَ خَمْسِینَ سَنَهً وَ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَکُمْ بِکُلِّ یَوْمٍ صَوْمَ أَلْفَیْ یَوْمٍ وَ رَفَعَ لَکُمْ بِعَدَدِ مَا أَنْبَتَ النِّیلُ دَرَجَاتٍ وَ کَتَبَ لَکُمْ بَرَاءَهً مِنَ النَّارِ وَ جَوَازاً عَلَی الصِّرَاطِ وَ أَمَاناً مِنَ الْعَذَابِ وَ لِلْجَنَّهِ بَابٌ یُقَالُ لَهُ الرَّیَّانُ لَا یُفْتَحُ ذَلِکَ إِلَی یَوْمِ الْقِیَامَهِ ثُمَّ یُفْتَحُ لِلصَّائِمِینَ وَ الصَّائِمَاتِ مِنْ أُمَّهِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص ثُمَّ یُنَادِی رِضْوَانُ خَازِنُ الْجَنَّهِ یَا أُمَّهَ مُحَمَّدٍ هَلُمُّوا إِلَی الرَّیَّانِ فَتَدْخُلُ أُمَّتِی مِنْ ذَلِکَ الْبَابِ إِلَی الْجَنَّهِ فَمَنْ لَمْ یُغْفَرْ لَهُ فِی شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَفِی أَیِّ شَهْرٍ یُغْفَرُ لَهُ وَ لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّهَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ الْعَلِیِّ الْعَظِیمِ.


12. Saeed bin Jubair says that he asked Ibne Abbas, “What is the reward of a person who fasts in the month of Ramadan knowing its importance?” He replied, “O Ibne Jubair! Get ready for I am going to narrate such a tradition that you would never have heard with your ears nor it has passed your heart. Get your mind ready for the answer for it is the matter of beginning and the end.” Saeed bin Jubair went away and came back next day at dawn after preparing himself for the answer. After offering Salaat, he reminded Ibne Abbas of the tradition. He looked towards Saeed and said, “Listen carefully to what I say. I have heard the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) say, ‘If you had known the reward in the month of Ramadan you would have thanked Allah much more. The Almighty Allah wipes out all the apparent and hidden sins of the people of my Ummah on the first night of Ramadan and increases the position of people by two hundred thousand levels and builds fifty cities in Paradise for them. He grants the reward of worship of one year, the reward of a prophet and the reward of fasting of one year for each step taken on the next day.” “On the third day, domes decorated with pearls and rubies are made in Paradise for you equaling the number of hair on your body. There will be twelve thousand illuminated houses in it – below and above. There will be twelve thousand beds in each house and a Hoor would be seated on each bed. One thousand Angels would come to you with gifts daily. The Almighty Allah would grant you seventy thousand palaces in Paradise on the fourth day. Every house will have fifty thousand beds and a Hoor would be sitting on each bed and thousand maid-servants of Hoor would stand in front of her and their dresses will be better than this world and anything in it. Allah would grant you seventy palaces in Paradise on the fifth day. Every city will have seventy thousand houses and every house will have seventy thousand tables and every table will have seventy thousand dishes and every dish will have sixty thousand distinct types of cuisines. On the sixth day, Allah would grant you a hundred thousand cities in Darus Salaam. Every house will have a hundred thousand golden beds seventy thousand spans wide and a Hoorul Ein would be seated on every bed, who would already be married to you. She would have thirty thousand locks of hair on their heads decorated with pearls and rubies and every lock would be held by a hundred maids. The Almighty Allah would grant you the reward of forty thousand martyrs and truthful ones in Paradise on the seventh day. The Almighty Allah would give you the reward of sixty thousand worshippers and sixty thousand repenters on the eighth day. On the ninth day, Allah would grant you the reward of one thousand scholars, those who go for Etekaf and for battle. Allah would fulfill your seventy thousand wishes on the tenth day. Every thing including the sun, moon, stars, animals, birds, pebbles, flowers, every dry and wet object, fishes, sea and trees will repent for you. He would note down the reward of four Hajjs performed along with the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and reward of four Umrahs performed by a martyr or a truthful person. The twelfth day would convert your sins to good deeds, double your good deeds and further multiply them a hundred thousand times. Allah would offer reward equal to the worship of all the people of Mecca and Medina on the thirteenth day and you will get intercession equal to the number of pebbles and grains of sand between Mecca and Medina. On the fourteenth day, you would be offered the reward of meeting Adam, Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, Dawood, Sulaiman and worshipping Allah for two thousand years with each prophet. Allah would fulfill all your wishes – worldly and that of hereafter. He would grant you all those things, which he had given to Ayyub. He would accept your supplications, the people of heavens would repent for you and you would be given forty lights (Nur) on the Day of Judgment, which would surround you from all four sides, each side having ten of them. For sixteenth day, Allah would grant you sixty dresses when you are resurrected. You would be made to mount a camel and a cloud of Mercy would protect you from the hot sun of that day. On the seventeenth day, Allah would say that surely He has forgiven you and your parents. He would take away the difficulties of the Day of Judgment from you. On the eighteenth day, the Almighty Allah would order Jibraeel, Mikaeel, Israfeel and the people of heaven to repent for the Ummah of Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) till the next year. And Allah would give you the reward of the people of Badr on the Day of Judgment. The reward of the nineteenth day is that all the angels of earth and heaven would come to your grave taking permission from Allah and every angel would be carrying gifts and drinks for you. On the twentieth day, Allah would appoint seventy thousand angels for you who would save you from the mischief of Satan and they would write the reward of the fasts of a hundred years for each fast. Allah would make a barrier between you and Hell, note down the reward of those who recited the Old Testament, New Testament and the Holy Quran. He would note down the reward of worship of one year for each feather of Jibraeel. He would grant you the reward of Tasbeeh of Arsh and Kursi; grant you Hoorul Ein equal to the number of verses in the Holy Quran. The reward of the twenty-first day is that Allah would expand your grave by a thousand parasangs and keep darkness and fear away from it. He would include your grave among those of the martyrs and your face would resemble Yusuf bin Yaqoob (a.s.). The reward of the twenty-second day is that Allah would send the Angel of death to you in the same way as He sends him to the prophets. He would take away the fear of Munkir and Nakir from you and keep away the sorrow of this world and the chastisement of the grave. The reward of the twenty- third day is that you will pass through the Sirat Bridge along with prophets, truthful ones, martyrs and the virtuous. You will be rewarded as if you have fed every orphan and dressed every naked of my Ummah. The reward of the twenty-fourth day is that no person among you would go from this world until he sees his place in Paradise. You would be given the reward of a thousand sick persons and that of a traveler who started from his home in the way of Allah. You would be granted the reward of freeing one thousand slaves from the progeny of Ismail (a.s.). On the twenty-fifth day, Allah would make a thousand domes under the Divine throne and there would be a tent of a Hoor at the end of each dome. The Almighty Allah will say, ‘O Ummah of Muhammad (s.a.w.s.)! I am your Lord and you are My slaves. Sit in the domes constructed under the shade of My throne. Eat and drink for there is no fear or sorrow for you. O Ummah of Muhammad (s.a.w.s.)! I swear by My Honor that I would surely send you to Paradise. The first and last communities would be surprised on seeing you and you would be given an illuminated crown and you would be made to ride a camel created from light, whose bridles will be of light. There will be a thousand circles on it and an angel would be standing on each circle holding a pillar of light in his hand and you will be made to enter Paradise without any accounting of deeds. Allah would look upon you with mercy on the twenty-sixth day; He would forgive all your sins except that of murdering or usurping property and purify your house seventy times a day from backbiting and imputation. On the twenty-seventh day, you will be granted the reward of helping all the believers, men as well as women, and the reward of dressing seventy thousand naked persons, helping one thousand soldiers and reciting the Holy Scriptures revealed on all prophets. On the twenty- eighth day, the Almighty Allah would build a hundred thousand houses of light in Behisht-e-Javed for you. He would reward you a hundred thousand houses made of silver in Jannat-e-Maawa and a hundred thousand houses made of pure amber in Jannat-e-Naeem. He would reward you a hundred thousand cities in Jannat-e-Firdaus, each city having a thousand rooms. He would reward you a hundred thousand pulpits of musk in Jannat-e-Khuld and there would be a thousand houses made of saffron in the boundaries of each pulpit and each house will have a thousand beds made of pearls and rubies and a Hoorul Ein would be sitting on each bed who would be your wife. On the twenty-ninth day, He would reward you a hundred thousand localities and each locality will have an illuminated dome and every dome will have a bed made of white camphor, every bed will have one thousand carpets of green brocade and a Hoorul Ein would be sitting on each carpet having seventy thousand high quality dresses and they would have eighty thousand hairs on their heads decorated with pearls and rubies. When thirty days are over, the Almighty Allah would grant you the reward of a thousand martyrs, a thousand truthful ones and the worship of fifty years for each day passed. He would note down the reward of two thousand fasts for every single fast. He would increase your position by levels equal to the number of things grown by the water of river Nile. You would be given freedom from Hell, permit to pass through the Sirat Bridge and protection from chastisement. The door of Paradise named Rayyaan, which will not open till Qiyamat would be opened for the men and women of the Ummah of Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) who observe fast and Rizwan, the treasurer of Paradise would give a call, ‘O Ummah of Muhammad! Move towards Rayyan.’ Then my people will enter this door into Paradise. Thus one who could not be forgiven in this month will not be forgiven in any other month. There is no power or strength except with the Greatest Lord!’




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِیمَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِیُّ بْنُ سَعِیدٍ الْعَسْکَرِیُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَیْنُ بْنُ عَلِیِّ بْنِ الْأَسْوَدِ الْعِجْلِیُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْحَمِیدِ بْنُ یَحْیَی الجانی [الْحِمَّانِیُ] قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَکْرٍ الْهُذَلِیُّ عَنِ الزُّبَیْرِیِّ عَنْ عُبَیْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: کَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا دَخَلَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ أَطْلَقَ کُلَّ أَسِیرٍ وَ أَعْطَی کُلَّ سَائِلٍ.


13. It is narrated from Ibne Abbas that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) used to free every prisoner and give (material help) to every beggar as soon as the month of Ramadan approached.