11. Within What Period of Time the Holy Quran Should be Read and Completed?

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فِي لَيْلَةٍ قَالَ لا يُعْجِبُنِي أَنْ تَقْرَأَهُ فِي أَقَلَّ مِنْ شَهْرٍ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from al-Husayn ibn al-Mukhtar from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘Can I read the Holy Quran in one night?’ The Imam said, ‘I do not like your reading it in less than a month’s time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق على الظاهر 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/504)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي لَيْلَةٍ فَقَالَ لا قَالَ فَفِي لَيْلَتَيْنِ قَالَ لا قَالَ فَفِي ثَلاثٍ قَالَ هَا وَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّ لِرَمَضَانَ حَقّاً وَحُرْمَةً لا يُشْبِهُهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الشُّهُورِ وَكَانَ أَصْحَابُ مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَقْرَأُ أَحَدُهُمُ الْقُرْآنَ فِي شَهْرٍ أَوْ أَقَلَّ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ لا يُقْرَأُ هَذْرَمَةً وَلَكِنْ يُرَتَّلُ تَرْتِيلاً فَإِذَا مَرَرْتَ بِ‏آيَةٍ فِيهَا ذِكْرُ الْجَنَّةِ فَقِفْ عِنْدَهَا وَسَلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الْجَنَّةَ وَإِذَا مَرَرْتَ بِ‏آيَةٍ فِيهَا ذِكْرُ النَّارِ فَقِفْ عِنْدَهَا وَتَعَوَّذْ بِالله مِنَ النَّارِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from certain individuals of his people from Ali ibn Hamza who has said the following: “Once I went in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and abu Basir said to the Imam, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, can I read the Holy Quran in one night in the month of Ramadan?’ The Imam said, ‘No.’ He then asked, ‘Can I read it in two nights?’ The Imam said, ‘No.’ He then asked, ‘Can I read it in three nights?’ The Imam said, ‘Haa’ pointing with his hand meaning, “yes, you can.” The Imam then said, ‘O abu Muhammad, for the month of Ramadan there is respect and rights which is unlike the other months. Among the companions of Muhammad (a.s.) there were those who would read the Holy Quran in one month or less. The Holy Quran is not read in a big rush. It should be read with proper elocution and distinct pronunciations. When you come across a verse that speaks of paradise you should pause and ask Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, to give it to you and when you come across a verse that speaks of the fire, pause and seek protection with Allah against it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/504)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ فِي كَمْ أَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فَقَالَ اقْرَأْهُ أَخْمَاساً اقْرَأْهُ أَسْبَاعاً أَمَا إِنَّ عِنْدِي مُصْحَفاً مُجَزًّى أَرْبَعَةَ عَشَرَ جُزْءاً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Ali ibn al-Nu’Man from Ya’qub ibn Shu’ayb from Husayn ibn Khalid who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘In how many days should one complete reading the Holy Quran?’ The Imam said, ‘You may read it in five or seven days. I, however, have a copy of the Holy Quran that is divided into fourteen parts.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/504)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي الْبِلادِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ أَبِي سَأَلَ جَدَّكَ عَنْ خَتْمِ الْقُرْآنِ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ جَدُّكَ كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ لَهُ جَدُّكَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبِي نَعَمْ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ فَكَانَ أَبِي يَخْتِمُهُ أَرْبَعِينَ خَتْمَةً فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ خَتَمْتُهُ بَعْدَ أَبِي فَرُبَّمَا زِدْتُ وَرُبَّمَا نَقَصْتُ عَلَى قَدْرِ فَرَاغِي وَشُغُلِي وَنَشَاطِي وَكَسَلِي فَإِذَا كَانَ فِي يَوْمِ الْفِطْرِ جَعَلْتُ لِرَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) خَتْمَةً وَلِعَلِيٍّ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أُخْرَى وَلِفَاطِمَةَ (عليها السلام) أُخْرَى ثُمَّ لِلأئِمَّةِ (عَلَيهِم السَّلام) حَتَّى انْتَهَيْتُ إِلَيْكَ فَصَيَّرْتُ لَكَ وَاحِدَةً مُنْذُ صِرْتُ فِي هَذَا الْحَالِ فَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ لِي بِذَلِكَ قَالَ لَكَ بِذَلِكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مَعَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ قُلْتُ الله أَكْبَرُ فَلِي بِذَلِكَ قَالَ نَعَمْ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Yahya ibn Ibrahim ibn abu al-Balad from his father from Ali ibn al- Mughirah who has said the following: “Once I asked abu al-Hassan (a.s.) ‘My father once asked your grandfather about reading all of the Holy Quran in one night.’ ‘(Do you mean it to happen) every night?’ Your grandfather inquired. ‘Yes, in the month of Ramadan.’ My father replied. Your grandfather asked him, ‘In the month of Ramadan?’ My father said, ‘Yes, in the month of Ramadan if I could. ’ My father would read the Holy Quran forty times in the whole month of Ramadan. After my father I would read the Holy Quran sometimes more and sometimes less than he did, as I would get a chance within my work, activities and laziness. On ’id day (after the month of Ramadan) I would assign the reward for reading the Holy Quran once for the Holy prophet, one for Imam Ali, one for Al-Sayyidah Fatimah and one for each Imam until yourself and I assigned the reward for reciting the Holy Quran once for you from the time I am doing this. Will there be anything for me in this? The Imam said, ‘On the Day of Judgment, you will be with them.’ ‘Allah is greater than can be described, this much for me!’ I exclaimed. The Imam (a.s.) said three times, ‘Yes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/505)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فِي لَيْلَةٍ فَقَالَ لا فَقَالَ فِي لَيْلَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ لا حَتَّى بَلَغَ سِتَّ لَيَالٍ فَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ فَقَالَ هَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) كَانَ يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فِي شَهْرٍ وَأَقَلَّ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ لا يُقْرَأُ هَذْرَمَةً وَلَكِنْ يُرَتَّلُ تَرْتِيلاً إِذَا مَرَرْتَ بِ‏آيَةٍ فِيهَا ذِكْرُ النَّارِ وَقَفْتَ عِنْدَهَا وَتَعَوَّذْتَ بِالله مِنَ النَّارِ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ أَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فِي رَمَضَانَ فِي لَيْلَةٍ فَقَالَ لا فَقَالَ فِي لَيْلَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ لا فَقَالَ فِي ثَلاثٍ فَقَالَ هَا وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ نَعَمْ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ لا يُشْبِهُهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الشُّهُورِ لَهُ حَقٌّ وَحُرْمَةٌ أَكْثِرْ مِنَ الصَّلاةِ مَا اسْتَطَعْتَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamza who has said the following: “Once, abu Basil’ asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) when I was also present, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, can I read the Holy Quran in one night?’ The Imam said, ‘No.’ He then asked, ‘Can I read it in two nights?’ The Imam said, ‘No,’ until he reached six nights, the Imam (a.s.) made a hand gesture saying ‘Ha’ a,’ (a hint for approval). Then the Imam (a.s.) said, ‘O abu Muhammad, note that among the companions of Muhammad (a.s.) before you, there were those who would read the Holy Quran once in a month or less. The Holy Quran is not read in a big rush but it is read with proper elocution and distinct pronunciation. When you come across a verse that speaks of the fire you pause and ask Allah for protection.’ Abu Basir then asked, ‘Can I read the Holy Quran in the month of Ramadan once every night?’ The Imam said, ‘No.’ He then asked, ‘Can I read it in two nights?’ The Imam said, ‘No.’ He then asked, ‘Can I read it in three nights?’ The Imam said, ‘Ha’ a, ’ with a hand gesture for approval saying, ‘Yes, the month of Ramadan is not like the other months. It has its rights and respect. Increase in prayer as much as you can.’”