33. Prayer Against the Enemy

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ شَكَوْتُ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) جَاراً لِي وَمَا أَلْقَى مِنْهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ لِيَ ادْعُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَفَعَلْتُ فَلَمْ أَرَ شَيْئاً فَعُدْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَشَكَوْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لِيَ ادْعُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَدْ فَعَلْتُ فَلَمْ أَرَ شَيْئاً فَقَالَ كَيْفَ دَعَوْتَ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ إِذَا لَقِيتُهُ دَعَوْتُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ ادْعُ عَلَيْهِ إِذَا أَدْبَرَ وَإِذَا اسْتَدْبَرَ فَفَعَلْتُ فَلَمْ أَلْبَثْ حَتَّى أَرَاحَ الله مِنْهُ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Yahya ibn al- Mubarak from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Once I complained before abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) about my neighbor and what 1 had suffered from him. The narrator has said that the Imam said, ‘Pray and plead before Allah against him.’ I did so and did not have any results and I went back to the Imam to complain. He said, ‘Pray against him.’ I said, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, I have already done but have not seen any result.’ The Imam said, ‘How did you pray against him?’ I said, ‘When I met him I prayed against him.’ The Imam said, ‘Pray against him when he moves away from you.’ 1 then did as I was told and Allah very soon granted me relief.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/176)



2ـ وَرُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا دَعَا أَحَدُكُمْ عَلَى أَحَدٍ قَالَ اللهمَّ اطْرُقْهُ بِبَلِيَّةٍ لا أُخْتَ لَهَا وَأَبِحْ حَرِيمَهُ.


2. It is narrated from abu al-Hassan (a.s.) who has said the following: “When any of you prays against the other person he should say, ‘O Lord, strike him with peerless misfortune in the night and allow his defenses to be ransacked.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/177)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ لِي جَاراً مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ مِنْ آلِ مُحْرِزٍ قَدْ نَوَّهَ بِاسْمِي وَشَهَرَنِي كُلَّمَا مَرَرْتُ بِهِ قَالَ هَذَا الرَّافِضِيُّ يَحْمِلُ الأمْوَالَ إِلَى جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ فَقَالَ لِي فَادْعُ الله عَلَيْهِ إِذَا كُنْتَ فِي صَلاةِ اللَّيْلِ وَأَنْتَ سَاجِدٌ فِي السَّجْدَةِ الأخِيرَةِ مِنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الأولَيَيْنِ فَاحْمَدِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَجِّدْهُ وَقُلِ اللهمَّ إِنَّ فُلانَ بْنَ فُلانٍ قَدْ شَهَرَنِي وَنَوَّهَ بِي وَغَاظَنِي وَعَرَضَنِي لِلْمَكَارِهِ اللهمَّ اضْرِبْهُ بِسَهْمٍ عَاجِلٍ تَشْغَلْهُ بِهِ عَنِّي اللهمَّ وَقَرِّبْ أَجَلَهُ وَاقْطَعْ أَثَرَهُ وَعَجِّلْ ذَلِكَ يَا رَبِّ السَّاعَةَ السَّاعَةَ قَالَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْكُوفَةَ قَدِمْنَا لَيْلاً فَسَأَلْتُ أَهْلَنَا عَنْهُ قُلْتُ مَا فَعَلَ فُلانٌ فَقَالُوا هُوَ مَرِيضٌ فَمَا انْقَضَى آخِرُ كَلامِي حَتَّى سَمِعْتُ الصِّيَاحَ مِنْ مَنْزِلِهِ وَقَالُوا قَدْ مَاتَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Malik ibn ‘Atiyyah from Yunus ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘I have a neighbor from Quraysh from the family of Muhriz who propagates against me negatively. Whenever I pass by he calls me a Rafida (rejecting successors to the Holy Prophet who are not special members of his family) and that I collect funds for Ja’far ibn Muhammad, recipient of divine supreme covenant.’ The Imam said, ‘Pray to Allah against him in the last Sajdah (prostration) of the second Rak’at of Tahajjud (nightly prayer). Praise Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, and glorify Him and say, ‘O Lord, so and so, son of so and so propagates against me negatively, he has caused me anger and has exposed me to danger, O Lord, strike him a quick arrow to divert him away from me, O Lord, bring the time of his death closer, eliminate his traces and make it fast, O Lord, in this hour, in this hour!’ When I arrived in al-Kufa during the night and asked my family about him, how is so and so doing? They told me that he was ill. My words were not finished when I heard crying from the house of that man. They said that he had died.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/178)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْكُوفِيُّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ التَّيْمِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ سَالِمٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ لَهُ الْعَلاءُ بْنُ كَامِلٍ إِنَّ فُلاناً يَفْعَلُ بِي وَيَفْعَلُ فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ أَنْ تَدْعُوَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَقَالَ هَذَا ضَعْفٌ بِكَ قُلِ اللهمَّ إِنَّكَ تَكْفِي مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَلا يَكْفِي مِنْكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَاكْفِنِي أَمْرَ فُلانٍ بِمَ شِئْتَ وَكَيْفَ شِئْتَ وَمِنْ حَيْثُ شِئْتَ وَأَنَّى شِئْتَ.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Kufi has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hassan al-Taymi from Ali ibn Asbat from Ya’qub ibn Salim who has said the following: “Once I was in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and al-‘Ala’ ibn Kamil said to him, ‘So and so acts against me again and again, if you consider it proper, pray to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy.’ The Imam said, ‘This is more than enough for you. Say, “O Lord, You are sufficient for everything and nothing is sufficient for You. Suffice me in the matters of so and so with whatever You wish, in whatever way You wish, from wherever You wish and whenever You wish.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/179)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْمِسْمَعِيِّ قَالَ لَمَّا قَتَلَ دَاوُدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْمُعَلَّى بْنَ خُنَيْسٍ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لأدْعُوَنَّ الله عَلَى مَنْ قَتَلَ مَوْلايَ وَأَخَذَ مَالِي فَقَالَ لَهُ دَاوُدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ إِنَّكَ لَتُهَدِّدُنِي بِدُعَائِكَ قَالَ حَمَّادٌ قَالَ الْمِسْمَعِيُّ فَحَدَّثَنِي مُعَتِّبٌ أَنَّ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لَمْ يَزَلْ لَيْلَتَهُ رَاكِعاً وَسَاجِداً فَلَمَّا كَانَ فِي السَّحَرِ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ وَهُوَ سَاجِدٌ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِقُوَّتِكَ الْقَوِيَّةِ وَبِجَلالِكَ الشَّدِيدِ الَّذِي كُلُّ خَلْقِكَ لَهُ ذَلِيلٌ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَأَنْ تَأْخُذَهُ السَّاعَةَ السَّاعَةَ فَمَا رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ حَتَّى سَمِعْنَا الصَّيْحَةَ فِي دَارِ دَاوُدَ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) رَأْسَهُ وَقَالَ إِنِّي دَعَوْتُ الله بِدَعْوَةٍ بَعَثَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْهِ مَلَكاً فَضَرَبَ رَأْسَهُ بِمِرْزَبَةٍ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ انْشَقَّتْ مِنْهَا مَثَانَتُهُ فَمَاتَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Najran from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from al-Misma’I who has said that when Dawud ibn Ali killed al-Mu’alla’ ibn Khunays, abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said, ‘I will pray to Allah against whoever has murdered my Mawla (servant) and has seized my property.’ Dawud ibn Ali then said, ‘You threaten me with your prayer! (But I am not afraid).’ Hammad has said that al-Misma’i said that Mu’attib said to me, ‘Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) that night continued his Ruku ’ and Sajdah and, when it was morning, I hear him saying in Sajdah (prostration) “O Lord, I ask You through Your power that is strong, through Your glory that is intense, that has humbled Your creatures, grant favors to Muhammad and his family and seize him (the enemy) in this hour! Seize him in this hour!’ He had not yet raised his head that we heard crying and wailing from the house of Dawud ibn Ali. Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) raised his head and said, ‘I prayed to Allah with a prayer and Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sent an angel over him to hit his head with an iron bar that ruptured his bladder and caused his death.’” Note: Dawud ibn Ali was the governor of Madinah during the rule of abu al- ‘Abbas al-Saffah. He ordered al-Mu’alla to identify for him every Shi’a (follower A ’ immah ) of abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant. He refused saying, ‘Even if they were under my foot I would not raise it to expose them.’ He was murdered and the properties of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) with him was seized.