32. One Whose Prayer is not Accepted

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُخْتَارٍ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ صَحِبْتُهُ بَيْنَ مَكَّةَ وَالْمَدِينَةِ فَجَاءَ سَائِلٌ فَأَمَرَ أَنْ يُعْطَى ثُمَّ جَاءَ آخَرُ فَأَمَرَ أَنْ يُعْطَى ثُمَّ جَاءَ آخَرُ فَأَمَرَ أَنْ يُعْطَى ثُمَّ جَاءَ الرَّابِعُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يُشْبِعُكَ الله ثُمَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّ عِنْدَنَا مَا نُعْطِيهِ وَلَكِنْ أَخْشَى أَنْ نَكُونَ كَأَحَدِ الثَّلاثَةِ الَّذِينَ لا يُسْتَجَابُ لَهُمْ دَعْوَةٌ رَجُلٌ أَعْطَاهُ الله مَالاً فَأَنْفَقَهُ فِي غَيْرِ حَقِّهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللهمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فَلا يُسْتَجَابُ لَهُ وَرَجُلٌ يَدْعُو عَلَى امْرَأَتِهِ أَنْ يُرِيحَهُ مِنْهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَمْرَهَا إِلَيْهِ وَرَجُلٌ يَدْعُو عَلَى جَارِهِ وَقَدْ جَعَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ السَّبِيلَ إِلَى أَنْ يَتَحَوَّلَ عَنْ جِوَارِهِ وَيَبِيعَ دَارَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Husayn ibn Mukhtar from al-Walid ibn Sabih who has said the following: “Once I accompanied abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) between Makkah and Madinah and at a certain place a beggar came and he ordered his people to help. Another beggar came he ordered his people to help, another came and he ordered to help, then the fourth one came and abu ‘Abd Allah said, ‘May Allah satisfy you,’ and he turned to us saying, ‘We still can help but I feared becoming of the three kinds of people whose prayers are not heard: a man to whom Allah has granted wealth but he spends it on a wrong cause and then asks, “O Lord, grant me wealth.” His prayer is not accepted, a man who prays against his wife while Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has made it lawful to dissolve the marriage, and a man who prays against his neighbor while Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has made it possible for him to move away and buy another house.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/174)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَرْبَعَةٌ لا تُسْتَجَابُ لَهُمْ دَعْوَةٌ رَجُلٌ جَالِسٌ فِي بَيْتِهِ يَقُولُ اللهمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فَيُقَالُ لَهُ أَ لَمْ آمُرْكَ بِالطَّلَبِ وَرَجُلٌ كَانَتْ لَهُ امْرَأَةٌ فَدَعَا عَلَيْهَا فَيُقَالُ لَهُ أَ لَمْ أَجْعَلْ أَمْرَهَا إِلَيْكَ وَرَجُلٌ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ فَأَفْسَدَهُ فَيَقُولُ اللهمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فَيُقَالُ لَهُ أَ لَمْ آمُرْكَ بِالإقْتِصَادِ أَ لَمْ آمُرْكَ بِالإصْلاحِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَالَّذِينَ إِذا أَنْفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكانَ بَيْنَ ذلِكَ قَواماً وَرَجُلٌ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ فَأَدَانَهُ بِغَيْرِ بَيِّنَةٍ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ أَ لَمْ آمُرْكَ بِالشَّهَادَةِ. مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ أَبِي عَاصِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ibrahim from Ja’far ibn Ibrahim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The prayers of four kinds of people are not heard: a man who sits home and says, ‘O Lord, grant me sustenance,’ and it is said to him, “Have I not commanded you to work?” a man who is troubled by his wife so he prays for relief, but he will be asked, ‘Have 1 not made dissolving marriage lawful?’ A man who has destroyed his wealth and asks, ‘O Lord, grant me wealth,’ he will be asked, “Have I not commanded you to spend it moderately and have I not commanded you to make corrections?” Then the Imam read from the Holy Quran, ‘. . . who in their spending are neither extravagant nor stingy but maintain moderation,’ (25:67) and a man who lends money to others without witnesses as evidence and it is said to him, ‘Have I not commanded you to ask for witnesses as testimony?”’ Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Umar ibn abu ‘Asim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول بسندي ه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/175)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ ثَلاثَةٌ تُرَدُّ عَلَيْهِمْ دَعَوْتُهُمْ رَجُلٌ رَزَقَهُ الله مَالاً فَأَنْفَقَهُ فِي غَيْرِ وَجْهِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ ارْزُقْنِي فَيُقَالُ لَهُ أَ لَمْ أَرْزُقْكَ وَرَجُلٌ دَعَا عَلَى امْرَأَتِهِ وَهُوَ لَهَا ظَالِمٌ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ أَ لَمْ أَجْعَلْ أَمْرَهَا بِيَدِكَ وَرَجُلٌ جَلَسَ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَقَالَ يَا رَبِّ ارْزُقْنِي فَيُقَالُ لَهُ أَ لَمْ أَجْعَلْ لَكَ السَّبِيلَ إِلَى طَلَبِ الرِّزْقِ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ari has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from al-Walid ibn Sabih who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘The prayer of three kinds of people is not accepted: a man to whom Allah has granted wealth but spends it improperly and then says, “O Lord, grant me wealth,” to him it is said, ‘Did I not give you wealth?’ A man who prays against his unjust wife, and it is said to him, ‘Have I not left her affairs to you (dissolving of marriage lawful)?’ A man who sits idle and prayers, ‘O Lord, grant me sustenance,’ and to him it is said, ‘Have I not made ways how to make a living?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/176)