88. To Show Kindness to and Honor a Believer

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ أَخَذَ مِنْ وَجْهِ أَخِيهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ قَذَاةً كَتَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ وَمَنْ تَبَسَّمَ فِي وَجْهِ أَخِيهِ كَانَتْ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Husayn ibn Hashim from Sa’dan ibn Muslim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Whoever removes a speck from the face of his brother (in belief), Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, then will write down for the former ten good deeds and whoever smiles to his brother (in belief) earns one good deed.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (136/ 9)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ قَالَ لأخِيهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ مَرْحَباً كَتَبَ الله تَعَالَى لَهُ مَرْحَباً إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz from Jamil ibn Darraj from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Whoever says ‘Welcome’ to his brother (in belief) Allah then writes down for him ‘Welcome’ up to the Day of Judgment.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (136/ 9)



3ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ أَتَاهُ أَخُوهُ الْمُسْلِمُ فَأَكْرَمَهُ فَإِنَّمَا أَكْرَمَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


3. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “One who honors his Muslim brother (in belief) who has come to him, in fact, has revered Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/137)



4ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ نَصْرِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ أَبِي دَاوُدَ عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَا فِي أُمَّتِي عَبْدٌ أَلْطَفَ أَخَاهُ فِي الله بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ لُطْفٍ إِلا أَخْدَمَهُ الله مِنْ خَدَمِ الْجَنَّةِ.


4. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Nasr ibn Ishaq from al-Harith ibn al-Nu’man from al-Haytham ibn Hammad from abu Dawud from Zayd ibn Arqam who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Whoever of my followers treats his brother (in belief) with gentleness for the sake of Allah, He will provide for him servants of paradise.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/137)



5ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَنْ أَكْرَمَ أَخَاهُ الْمُسْلِمَ بِكَلِمَةٍ يُلْطِفُهُ بِهَا وَفَرَّجَ عَنْهُ كُرْبَتَهُ لَمْ يَزَلْ فِي ظِلِّ الله الْمَمْدُودِ عَلَيْهِ الرَّحْمَةُ مَا كَانَ فِي ذَلِكَ.


5. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Bakr ibn Salih from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ja’far ibn Ibrahim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Whoever receives his Muslim brother (in belief) with honor and value and relieves his suffering continues living under the extended shadow of Allah with blessings as long as he is in there.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/137)



6ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ مِمَّا خَصَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ الْمُؤْمِنَ أَنْ يُعَرِّفَهُ بِرَّ إِخْوَانِهِ وَإِنْ قَلَّ وَلَيْسَ الْبِرُّ بِالْكَثْرَةِ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَيُؤْثِرُونَ عَلى‏ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كانَ بِهِمْ خَصاصَةٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَمَنْ يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ وَمَنْ عَرَّفَهُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِذَلِكَ أَحَبَّهُ الله وَمَنْ أَحَبَّهُ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى وَفَّاهُ أَجْرَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا جَمِيلُ ارْوِ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ لِإِخْوَانِكَ فَإِنَّهُ تَرْغِيبٌ فِي الْبِرِّ.


6. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz from Jamil from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Of the special characteristics that Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has given to a believer is that he is the means for the recognition and identification of the good deeds of his brothers (in belief) even if such deeds are small and little. Goodness is not in plentifulness as it is mentioned in the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, in His book: ‘They give preference to them over themselves, even concerning the things that they themselves urgently need. . . .’ then He has said, ‘. . . whoever controls his greed will have everlasting happiness.’ (59:9) To whoever Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, grants such recognition He loves him. Whomever Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, loves, He grants him reward in full measures on the Day of Judgment and without keeping any counts.’ The Imam said, ‘O Jamil, narrate this Hadith to your brothers (in belief); it is an exhortation to good deeds.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/138)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لَيُتْحِفُ أَخَاهُ التُّحْفَةَ قُلْتُ وَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ التُّحْفَةُ قَالَ مِنْ مَجْلِسٍ وَمُتَّكَإٍ وَطَعَامٍ وَكِسْوَةٍ وَسَلامٍ فَتَطَاوَلُ الْجَنَّةُ مُكَافَأَةً لَهُ وَيُوحِي الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْهَا أَنِّي قَدْ حَرَّمْتُ طَعَامَكِ عَلَى أَهْلِ الدُّنْيَا إِلا عَلَى نَبِيٍّ أَوْ وَصِيِّ نَبِيٍّ فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ أَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْهَا أَنْ كَافِئِي أَوْلِيَائِي بِتُحَفِهِمْ فَيَخْرُجُ مِنْهَا وُصَفَاءُ وَوَصَائِفُ مَعَهُمْ أَطْبَاقٌ مُغَطَّاةٌ بِمَنَادِيلَ مِنْ لُؤْلُؤٍ فَإِذَا نَظَرُوا إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ وَهَوْلِهَا وَإِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَمَا فِيهَا طَارَتْ عُقُولُهُمْ وَامْتَنَعُوا أَنْ يَأْكُلُوا فَيُنَادِي مُنَادٍ مِنْ تَحْتِ الْعَرْشِ أَنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ قَدْ حَرَّمَ جَهَنَّمَ عَلَى مَنْ أَكَلَ مِنْ طَعَامِ جَنَّتِهِ فَيَمُدُّ الْقَوْمُ أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَيَأْكُلُونَ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma’il from Salih ibn ‘Aqabah from al-Mufaddal from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘Believers present al-Tuhaf (gifts) to each other.’ I then asked, ‘What is al-Tuhaf!’ The Imam said, ‘It can be a seat, a pillow, food, clothes or greetings of peace. Paradise then tries to reach out to serve them food for their good deed. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, inspires it: ‘I have made your food unlawful for the people of the world except the prophets or the successor of a prophet. When it will be the Day of Judgment Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, will inspire paradise of His decision to compensate His friends for their gifts. Thereafter, young male and female servants will come out from paradise with special trays of food covered with handkerchiefs made of pearls. When they (believers) will look into the hell and see its terrifying condition and into paradise and all that is therein their power of reason will stop in confusion and they will refuse to eat. They then will be told by someone from the foot of the Throne, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has made hell unlawful for those who have eaten the food of paradise, and then they (believers) will extend their hands and eat.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (139/ 9)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ يَجِبُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ أَنْ يَسْتُرَ عَلَيْهِ سَبْعِينَ كَبِيرَةً.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu Hamza from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “It is obligatory for a Muslim to cover for a Muslim seventy major sins.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/140)



9ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ قَالَ أَمْلَى عَلَيَّ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَحْسِنْ يَا إِسْحَاقُ إِلَى أَوْلِيَائِي مَا اسْتَطَعْتَ فَمَا أَحْسَنَ مُؤْمِنٌ إِلَى مُؤْمِنٍ وَلا أَعَانَهُ إِلا خَمَشَ وَجْهَ إِبْلِيسَ وَقَرَّحَ قَلْبَهُ.


9. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn Yahya have all narrated from Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Sa’d from Muhammad ibn Aslam from Muhammad ibn Ali ibn ‘Uday who has said that dictated to h him Muhammad ibn Sulayman from Ishaq ibn ‘ Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Be good to my friends, O Ishaq, as much as you can. No believer does something good to another believer or assists him, but that it causes a contusion to the face of Satan and injuries to his heart.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/140)