72. The Believer’s Mutual Brotherhood

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ بَنُو أَبٍ وَأُمٍّ وَإِذَا ضَرَبَ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمْ عِرْقٌ سَهِرَ لَهُ الآخَرُونَ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘The believers are but brothers, sons of one father and mother (in the original creation). If one of them may have an distressed vein, others will remain awake all night because of his pain.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/8)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أَبَانٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ الْجُعْفِيِّ قَالَ تَقَبَّضْتُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ رُبَّمَا حَزِنْتُ مِنْ غَيْرِ مُصِيبَةٍ تُصِيبُنِي أَوْ أَمْرٍ يَنْزِلُ بِي حَتَّى يَعْرِفَ ذَلِكَ أَهْلِي فِي وَجْهِي وَصَدِيقِي فَقَالَ نَعَمْ يَا جَابِرُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَقَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ طِينَةِ الْجِنَانِ وَأَجْرَى فِيهِمْ مِنْ رِيحِ رُوحِهِ فَلِذَلِكَ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَخُو الْمُؤْمِنِ لأبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ فَإِذَا أَصَابَ رُوحاً مِنْ تِلْكَ الأرْوَاحِ فِي بَلَدٍ مِنَ الْبُلْدَانِ حُزْنٌ حَزِنَتْ هَذِهِ لأنَّهَا مِنْهَا.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from ‘Amr ibn Aban from Jabir al-Juhfi who has said the following: “Once I became depressed in the presence of abu Ja’far (a.s.) and asked him, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, why is it that sometimes I feel depressed without any apparent cause or incident? Even my family and friends notice it on my face.’ The Imam said, ‘Yes O Jabir, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has created the clay of the believers from the clay of paradise and has made the fragrance of His spirit flow through it; thus, a believer is a brother (in belief) of a believer from his father and mother. When a spirit of those spirits is distressed anywhere with a sadness the other spirits also feel sad; this is from that (clay of paradise).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/9)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَخُو الْمُؤْمِنِ عَيْنُهُ وَدَلِيلُهُ لا يَخُونُهُ وَلا يَظْلِمُهُ وَلا يَغُشُّهُ وَلا يَعِدُهُ عِدَةً فَيُخْلِفَهُ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The believer is a brother (in belief) of a believer, his eyes and his guide. He does not violate his trust, does not do injustice to him, or deceive him, and does not promise him only to ignore it later on.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/11)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَخُو الْمُؤْمِنِ كَالْجَسَدِ الْوَاحِدِ إِنِ اشْتَكَى شَيْئاً مِنْهُ وَجَدَ أَلَمَ ذَلِكَ فِي سَائِرِ جَسَدِهِ وَأَرْوَاحُهُمَا مِنْ رُوحٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَإِنَّ رُوحَ الْمُؤْمِنِ لأشَدُّ اتِّصَالاً بِرُوحِ الله مِنِ اتِّصَالِ شُعَاعِ الشَّمْسِ بِهَا.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa and A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from ibn Mahbub from Ali ibn Ri’ab from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) say, ‘The believer is the brother (in belief) of the believer. They are like the same body. If one part complains of pain the rest of the body also feels it. Their spirits are from one spirit. The spirit of the believer’s connection with the spirit of Allah is stronger than the connection of the sun’s rays to the sun.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: في أعلى مراتب الصحة - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/12)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ هُوَ عَيْنُهُ وَمِرْآتُهُ وَدَلِيلُهُ لا يَخُونُهُ وَلا يَخْدَعُهُ وَلا يَظْلِمُهُ وَلا يَكْذِبُهُ وَلا يَغْتَابُهُ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn abu Najran from Muthanna al-Hannat from al-Harith ibn al- Mughirah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘A Muslim is the brother (in belief) of a Muslim, he is his eyes, his mirror and his guide. He does not violate his trust, does not deceive him, does not do injustice to him, does not call him a liar and does not speak ill behind his back.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/13)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ لِي تُحِبُّهُ فَقُلْتُ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ لِي وَلِمَ لا تُحِبُّهُ وَهُوَ أَخُوكَ وَشَرِيكُكَ فِي دِينِكَ وَعَوْنُكَ عَلَى عَدُوِّكَ وَرِزْقُهُ عَلَى غَيْرِكَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtari who has said the following: “Once I was in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) when a man came in and the Imam asked me, ‘Do you love him?’ I said, ‘Yes, I love him.’ The Imam asked me, ‘How would you not love him when he is your brother (in belief), your partner in religion, your supporter against your enemies and someone other than you provides his sustenance?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/ 9)



7ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أُورَمَةَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ فُضَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَخُو الْمُؤْمِنِ لأبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ لأنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَقَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ طِينَةِ الْجِنَانِ وَأَجْرَى فِي صُوَرِهِمْ مِنْ رِيحِ الْجَنَّةِ فَلِذَلِكَ هُمْ إِخْوَةٌ لأبٍ وَأُمٍّ.


7. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from al-Husayn ibn al-Hassan from Muhammad ibn ‘Uramah from certain individuals of his people from Muhammad ibn al- Husayn from Muhammad ibn Fudayl from abu Hamza who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) say, ‘The believer is the brother (in belief) of the believer from his father and mother; Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has created believers from the clay of paradise and has made the fragrance of paradise flow in their forms; thus, they are brothers from father and mother.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/15)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ أَخُو الْمُؤْمِنِ عَيْنُهُ وَدَلِيلُهُ لا يَخُونُهُ وَلا يَظْلِمُهُ وَلا يَغُشُّهُ وَلا يَعِدُهُ عِدَةً فَيُخْلِفَهُ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hajjal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The believer is the brother (in belief) of the believer, his eyes and his guide. He does not violate his trust, does not do injustice to him, does not deceive him and does not promise him only to ignore it later on.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/ 9)



9ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ خَدَمٌ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ قُلْتُ وَكَيْفَ يَكُونُونَ خَدَماً بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ قَالَ يُفِيدُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضاً الْحَدِيثَ.


9. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from a man from Jamil who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘The believers are like servants for each other.’ I asked, ‘How can they be each other’s servants?’ The Imam said, ‘They benefit each other. . . . (all of this Hadith is not mentioned)”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/15)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْبَصْرِيِّ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ نَفَراً مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ خَرَجُوا إِلَى سَفَرٍ لَهُمْ فَضَلُّوا الطَّرِيقَ فَأَصَابَهُمْ عَطَشٌ شَدِيدٌ فَتَكَفَّنُوا وَلَزِمُوا أُصُولَ الشَّجَرِ فَجَاءَهُمْ شَيْخٌ وَعَلَيْهِ ثِيَابٌ بِيضٌ فَقَالَ قُومُوا فَلا بَأْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَهَذَا الْمَاءُ فَقَامُوا وَشَرِبُوا وَارْتَوَوْا فَقَالُوا مَنْ أَنْتَ يَرْحَمُكَ الله فَقَالَ أَنَا مِنَ الْجِنِّ الَّذِينَ بَايَعُوا رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَخُو الْمُؤْمِنِ عَيْنُهُ وَدَلِيلُهُ فَلَمْ تَكُونُوا تَضَيَّعُوا بِحَضْرَتِي.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Isma’il al-Basri from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) say, ‘Once a few Muslims set on a journey but they lost the way and faced severe thirst. They shrouded themselves holding to the roots of a tree. Suddenly an old man in white clothes appeared and told them to get up saying that they had no problems and gave them water. They drank water to their satisfiction and asked him, ‘Who are you?’ He said, ‘I am from Jinn who pledged allegiance to the Messenger of Allah. I heard the Messenger of Allah saying, “A believer is a brother of a believer, his eyes and his guide. How could you lose your lives in my presence?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/16)



11ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ لا يَظْلِمُهُ وَلا يَخْذُلُهُ وَلا يَغْتَابُهُ وَلا يَخُونُهُ وَلا يَحْرِمُهُ قَالَ رِبْعِيٌّ فَسَأَلَنِي رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ سَمِعْتُ فُضَيْلاً يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ لا يَظْلِمُهُ وَلا يَغُشُّهُ وَلا يَخْذُلُهُ وَلا يَغْتَابُهُ وَلا يَخُونُهُ وَلا يَحْرِمُهُ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma’il from Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Rib’i from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He does not do injustice to him, does not betray him, does not speak ill of one behind his back, does not violate his trust and does not deprive him.’ Rib’i has said, ‘Certain individuals of our people asked me in Madina saying, “I have heard Fudayl saying what just you said.” I then said to him, ‘Yes, it is true.’ He then said, ‘I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, “A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He does not do injustice to him, does not deceive him, does not betray him, does not speak ill of one behind his back, does not violate his trust and does not deprive him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/17)