59. Humbleness

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَرْسَلَ النَّجَاشِيُّ إِلَى جَعْفَرِ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ فَدَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ وَهُوَ فِي بَيْتٍ لَهُ جَالِسٌ عَلَى التُّرَابِ وَعَلَيْهِ خُلْقَانُ الثِّيَابِ قَالَ فَقَالَ جَعْفَرٌ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَأَشْفَقْنَا مِنْهُ حِينَ رَأَيْنَاهُ عَلَى تِلْكَ الْحَالِ فَلَمَّا رَأَى مَا بِنَا وَتَغَيُّرَ وُجُوهِنَا قَالَ الْحَمْدُ لله الَّذِي نَصَرَ مُحَمَّداً وَأَقَرَّ عَيْنَهُ أَ لا أُبَشِّرُكُمْ فَقُلْتُ بَلَى أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ جَاءَنِي السَّاعَةَ مِنْ نَحْوِ أَرْضِكُمْ عَيْنٌ مِنْ عُيُونِي هُنَاكَ فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ قَدْ نَصَرَ نَبِيَّهُ مُحَمَّداً (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَأَهْلَكَ عَدُوَّهُ وَأُسِرَ فُلانٌ وَفُلانٌ وَفُلانٌ الْتَقَوْا بِوَادٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ بَدْرٌ كَثِيرِ الأرَاكِ لَكَأَنِّي أَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ حَيْثُ كُنْتُ أَرْعَى لِسَيِّدِي هُنَاكَ وَهُوَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي ضَمْرَةَ فَقَالَ لَهُ جَعْفَرٌ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ فَمَا لِي أَرَاكَ جَالِساً عَلَى التُّرَابِ وَعَلَيْكَ هَذِهِ الْخُلْقَانُ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا جَعْفَرُ إِنَّا نَجِدُ فِيمَا أَنْزَلَ الله عَلَى عِيسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ مِنْ حَقِّ الله عَلَى عِبَادِهِ أَنْ يُحْدِثُوا لَهُ تَوَاضُعاً عِنْدَ مَا يُحْدِثُ لَهُمْ مِنْ نِعْمَةٍ فَلَمَّا أَحْدَثَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لِي نِعْمَةً بِمُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) أَحْدَثْتُ لله هَذَا التَّوَاضُعَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ النَّبِيَّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) قَالَ لأصْحَابِهِ إِنَّ الصَّدَقَةَ تَزِيدُ صَاحِبَهَا كَثْرَةً فَتَصَدَّقُوا يَرْحَمْكُمُ الله وَإِنَّ التَّوَاضُعَ يَزِيدُ صَاحِبَهُ رِفْعَةً فَتَوَاضَعُوا يَرْفَعْكُمُ الله وَإِنَّ الْعَفْوَ يَزِيدُ صَاحِبَهُ عِزّاً فَاعْفُوا يُعِزَّكُمُ الله.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah ibn Sadaqa from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Once al-Najashi (a king of Abyssinia) called to his presence Ja’far ibn abu Talib and his companions. When they came in, they found the king sitting on the ground wearing two old pieces of cloth.’ The Imam said that Ja’far has said, ‘We felt compassion for him in our hearts when we saw him in that condition. When he noticed our feelings from our faces he said, “All praise is due to Allah for his giving victory to Muhammad and delight to his heart. Should I give you good news?” I said, “Yes, O King.” He then said, “This hour my informant people have come from your land and have informed me that Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has granted victory to His prophet, Muhammad (a.s.) and has destroyed his enemies. So and so are taken captive when they met each other in a land called Badr, which has a great many bushes of Arak as if I can see it, because I was a shepherd grazing the herd for my master who was from the tribe of Damrah.” Ja’far then said to him, “O king, why do you sit on the ground wearing two pieces of old cloth?” He then said, “O Ja’far, we find in what Allah had revealed to Jesus that of the rights of Allah on his servants is to show humbleness when He does a favor for them. Since Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has done a favor for me by means of granting victory to Muhammad (a.s.) 1 show humility.’” When this was mentioned to the Holy Prophet he said to his companions, ‘Charity increases the wealth of the donor, therefore, give charity. Humbleness elevates the position of a person, therefore, be humble, Allah will raise your degree in meritorious status. Forgiveness increases the respect of a person, therefore, forgive, Allah will grant you respect.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/243)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ فِي السَّمَاءِ مَلَكَيْنِ مُوَكَّلَيْنِ بِالْعِبَادِ فَمَنْ تَوَاضَعَ لله رَفَعَاهُ وَمَنْ تَكَبَّرَ وَضَعَاهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “I heard the Imam saying, ‘In heaven there are two angels who guard the servants (of Allah). Whoever is humble before Allah, they raise him up, and whoever is arrogant, they bring him low.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (246/ 8)



3ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَفْطَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) عَشِيَّةَ خَمِيسٍ فِي مَسْجِدِ قُبَا فَقَالَ هَلْ مِنْ شَرَابٍ فَأَتَاهُ أَوْسُ بْنُ خَوَلِيٍّ الأنْصَارِيُّ بِعُسِّ مَخِيضٍ بِعَسَلٍ فَلَمَّا وَضَعَهُ عَلَى فِيهِ نَحَّاهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ شَرَابَانِ يُكْتَفَى بِأَحَدِهِمَا مِنْ صَاحِبِهِ لا أَشْرَبُهُ وَلا أُحَرِّمُهُ وَلَكِنْ أَتَوَاضَعُ لله فَإِنَّ مَنْ تَوَاضَعَ لله رَفَعَهُ الله وَمَنْ تَكَبَّرَ خَفَضَهُ الله وَمَنِ اقْتَصَدَ فِي مَعِيشَتِهِ رَزَقَهُ الله وَمَنْ بَذَّرَ حَرَمَهُ الله وَمَنْ أَكْثَرَ ذِكْرَ الْمَوْتِ أَحَبَّهُ الله .


3. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘In a Thursday evening the Messenger of Allah had completed his day’s fasting and dinner was served in the Mosque of Quba. He asked, ‘Is there any drink?’ Aws ibn Khuli brought him a bowl of milk mixed with honey. When he touched it with his lips he moved it away saying, ‘There are two drinks each of which is enough drink. I will not drink it and I am not making unlawful to drink it, but I want to be humble before Allah. Whoever is humble before Allah, He raises him up, and whoever is arrogant, Allah brings him low. Whoever economizes in his living Allah grants him sustenance. Whoever is a spendthrift, Allah deprives him. Whoever speaks of death very often, Allah loves him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (246/ 8)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الْحَمَّارِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ وَقَالَ مَنْ أَكْثَرَ ذِكْرَ الله أَظَلَّهُ الله فِي جَنَّتِهِ.


4. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’ alia ibn Muhammad from al- Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Dawud al-Hammar from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) a similar Hadith in which he has said the following: ‘‘Whoever speaks of Allah very often, Allah will provide him shadow in His paradise.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (247/ 8)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَذْكُرُ أَنَّهُ أَتَى رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَلَكٌ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُخَيِّرُكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ عَبْداً رَسُولاً مُتَوَاضِعاً أَوْ مَلِكاً رَسُولاً قَالَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَى جَبْرَئِيلَ وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ أَنْ تَوَاضَعْ فَقَالَ عَبْداً مُتَوَاضِعاً رَسُولاً فَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ مَعَ أَنَّهُ لا يَنْقُصُكَ مِمَّا عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ شَيْئاً قَالَ وَمَعَهُ مَفَاتِيحُ خَزَائِنِ الأرْضِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ibn Faddal from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, ‘Once an angel came to the Messenger of Allah and said, ‘‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, gives you the choice to be a servant and a humble messenger, or to be an angel and a messenger.” He looked to Jibril who made a gesture with his hand to be humble. He (the Messenger of Allah) said, “I want to be a humble servant and a messenger.” The messenger (the angel) said, “Despite this, there is no reduction in what is with your Lord.” The Imam said, “With him were the keys to the treasures of earth.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/248)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مِنَ التَّوَاضُعِ أَنْ تَرْضَى بِالْمَجْلِسِ دُونَ الْمَجْلِسِ وَأَنْ تُسَلِّمَ عَلَى مَنْ تَلْقَى وَأَنْ تَتْرُكَ الْمِرَاءَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ مُحِقّاً وَأَنْ لا تُحِبَّ أَنْ تُحْمَدَ عَلَى التَّقْوَى.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfali from al-Sakuni from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “It is of humbleness to be happy with one seat instead of another seat, to initiate the greeting of peace to one who meets him and to avoid extreme argumentation even though one is right, and should not love to be praised for piety.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (249/ 8)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى مُوسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَنْ يَا مُوسَى أَ تَدْرِي لِمَ اصْطَفَيْتُكَ بِكَلامِي دُونَ خَلْقِي قَالَ يَا رَبِّ وَلِمَ ذَاكَ قَالَ فَأَوْحَى الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي قَلَّبْتُ عِبَادِي ظَهْراً لِبَطْنٍ فَلَمْ أَجِدْ فِيهِمْ أَحَداً أَذَلَّ لِي نَفْساً مِنْكَ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّكَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ وَضَعْتَ خَدَّكَ عَلَى التُّرَابِ أَوْ قَالَ عَلَى الأرْضِ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn Yaqtin from his narrators from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sent revelation to Moses asking, ‘Moses, do you know why I chose you to speak to instead of My other creatures?’ He asked, ‘My Lord, why did You do so?’ The Imam said, ‘Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, revealed to Moses, “Moses, I turned My creatures upside down and I did not find anyone of a more humble soul than you. O Moses, whenever you prayed you had been placing your cheek on the soil,” or he said, ‘On earth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (249/ 8)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَرَّ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) عَلَى الْمُجَذَّمِينَ وَهُوَ رَاكِبٌ حِمَارَهُ وَهُمْ يَتَغَدَّوْنَ فَدَعَوْهُ إِلَى الْغَدَاءِ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنِّي لَوْ لا أَنِّي صَائِمٌ لَفَعَلْتُ فَلَمَّا صَارَ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ أَمَرَ بِطَعَامٍ فَصُنِعَ وَأَمَرَ أَنْ يَتَنَوَّقُوا فِيهِ ثُمَّ دَعَاهُمْ فَتَغَدَّوْا عِنْدَهُ وَتَغَدَّى مَعَهُمْ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Once, Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) was passing by the lepers while riding his donkey. They were having their lunch so they invited him to join them for food. The Imam said, ‘Had 1 not been fasting I would have joined you.’ When he returned home he asked that good food be prepared. He then invited the lepers for food and he (Ali ibn al-Husayn) (a.s.) joined them at the table.’” (Leprosy is a contagious disease.)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (250/ 8)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ مِنَ التَّوَاضُعِ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ الرَّجُلُ دُونَ شَرَفِهِ.


9. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ibn Faddal and Muhsin ibn Ahmad from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) looked at a man of the people of Madina carrying something that he had purchased for his family. On seeing the Imam the man felt embarrassed. Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said to him, ‘I can see that you carry what you have purchased for your family. I swear by Allah, had it not been because of the people of Madina I would have loved to buy things for my family and myself carry it to them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (252/ 8)



10ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ وَمُحَسِّنِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ نَظَرَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ قَدِ اشْتَرَى لِعِيَالِهِ شَيْئاً وَهُوَ يَحْمِلُهُ فَلَمَّا رَآهُ الرَّجُلُ اسْتَحْيَا مِنْهُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) اشْتَرَيْتَهُ لِعِيَالِكَ وَحَمَلْتَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ أَمَا وَالله لَوْ لا أَهْلُ الْمَدِينَةِ لأحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَشْتَرِيَ لِعِيَالِيَ الشَّيْ‏ءَ ثُمَّ أَحْمِلَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ.


10. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim from ‘Amr ibn abu al-Miqdam from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Of the things that Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, revealed to David was this: ‘O Dawud (David), just as the closest people to Allah are the humble people, arrogant people are the farthest from Allah.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/252)



11ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي الْمِقْدَامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ فِيمَا أَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى دَاوُدَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَا دَاوُدُ كَمَا أَنَّ أَقْرَبَ النَّاسِ مِنَ الله الْمُتَوَاضِعُونَ كَذَلِكَ أَبْعَدُ النَّاسِ مِنَ الله الْمُتَكَبِّرُونَ.


11. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from Ali ibn al-Hakam in a marfu’ manner from abu Basir who has said the following: “Once I went to see abu al-Hassan Musa (a.s.) and it was in the year that abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) had passed away. I asked, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, how is it that you offered a sheep as sacrifice and so and so offered a camel?’ The Imam said, ‘O abu Muhammad, Noah was in the ark in which there were things that Allah wanted. The ark was commanded to go seven times around the house. That is Tawaf al-Nisa’ (walking seven times around the House for women). Noah left the ark free. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, inspired the mountains of His decision to allow the ark of Noah, His servant, land on one of the mountains. They all raised and stretched themselves higher. Only Mount Judi which is a mountain near you remained humble. The ark then placed itself on Mount Judi.’ The Imam said, ‘Noah then said, “O Mari atqan,” an Assyrian expression, meaning O Lord, make things go well. ’ I (the narrator) then thought abu al-Hassan (a.s.) was applying it to his own case.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (252/ 8)



12ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ رَفَعَهُ إِلَى أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فِي السَّنَةِ الَّتِي قُبِضَ فِيهَا أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ مَا لَكَ ذَبَحْتَ كَبْشاً وَنَحَرَ فُلانٌ بَدَنَةً فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّ نُوحاً (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كَانَ فِي السَّفِينَةِ وَكَانَ فِيهَا مَا شَاءَ الله وَكَانَتِ السَّفِينَةُ مَأْمُورَةً فَطَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَهُوَ طَوَافُ النِّسَاءِ وَخَلَّى سَبِيلَهَا نُوحٌ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَأَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى الْجِبَالِ أَنِّي وَاضِعٌ سَفِينَةَ نُوحٍ عَبْدِي عَلَى جَبَلٍ مِنْكُنَّ فَتَطَاوَلَتْ وَشَمَخَتْ وَتَوَاضَعَ الْجُودِيُّ وَهُوَ جَبَلٌ عِنْدَكُمْ فَضَرَبَتِ السَّفِينَةُ بِجُؤْجُؤِهَا الْجَبَلَ قَالَ فَقَالَ نُوحٌ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ يَا مَارِي أَتْقِنْ وَهُوَ بِالسُّرْيَانِيَّةِ يَا رَبِّ أَصْلِحْ قَالَ فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَرَّضَ بِنَفْسِهِ.


12. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from a number of his people from Ali ibn Asbat from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm from abu al-Hassan al- Rida (a.s.) who has said the following: “Humbleness is a form of behavior that one expects others to behave that way toward him.” “In another Hadith the narrator asked, ‘What is the definition of humbleness for which a servant (of Allah) could be considered humble?’ The Imam said, ‘There are several levels of humbleness. One is to know the value of one’s soul to place it at the position that it deserves with a peaceful heart and should not love to behave toward others in a way different from what he loves others to behave toward him. If he may find an evil behavior he should change it to a virtuous one. Those who suppress their anger are safe from people and Allah loves those who do good. ’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/253)