198. A Rare Hadith

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَبْدِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ مِنْ عَبِيدِيَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لَيُذْنِبُ الذَّنْبَ الْعَظِيمَ مِمَّا يَسْتَوْجِبُ بِهِ عُقُوبَتِي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ فَأَنْظُرُ لَهُ فِيمَا فِيهِ صَلاحُهُ فِي آخِرَتِهِ فَأُعَجِّلُ لَهُ الْعُقُوبَةَ عَلَيْهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا لأجَازِيَهُ بِذَلِكَ الذَّنْبِ وَأُقَدِّرُ عُقُوبَةَ ذَلِكَ الذَّنْبِ وَأَقْضِيهِ وَأَتْرُكُهُ عَلَيْهِ مَوْقُوفاً غَيْرَ مُمْضًى وَلِي فِي إِمْضَائِهِ الْمَشِيئَةُ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ عَبْدِي بِهِ فَأَتَرَدَّدُ فِي ذَلِكَ مِرَاراً عَلَى إِمْضَائِهِ ثُمَّ أُمْسِكُ عَنْهُ فَلا أُمْضِيهِ كَرَاهَةً لِمَسَاءَتِهِ وَحَيْداً عَنْ إِدْخَالِ الْمَكْرُوهِ عَلَيْهِ فَأَتَطَوَّلُ عَلَيْهِ بِالْعَفْوِ عَنْهُ وَالصَّفْحِ مَحَبَّةً لِمُكَافَاتِهِ لِكَثِيرِ نَوَافِلِهِ الَّتِي يَتَقَرَّبُ بِهَا إِلَيَّ فِي لَيْلِهِ وَنَهَارِهِ فَأَصْرِفُ ذَلِكَ الْبَلاءَ عَنْهُ وَقَدْ قَدَّرْتُهُ وَقَضَيْتُهُ وَتَرَكْتُهُ مَوْقُوفاً وَلِي فِي إِمْضَائِهِ الْمَشِيئَةُ ثُمَّ أَكْتُبُ لَهُ عَظِيمَ أَجْرِ نُزُولِ ذَلِكَ الْبَلاءِ وَأَدَّخِرُهُ وَأُوَفِّرُ لَهُ أَجْرَهُ وَلَمْ يَشْعُرْ بِهِ وَلَمْ يَصِلْ إِلَيْهِ أَذَاهُ وَأَنَا الله الْكَرِيمُ الرَّءُوفُ الرَّحِيمُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-‘Abdi from ibn abu Ya’fur who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has said, “A servant among My believing servants commits a great sin that will make him subject to My punishment in this world and in the next life. I then see what is best for him in his next life. I then like to speed up punishment for him in this world to get even for that sin. I determine the punishment for that sin and make a decision about it. I then keep it on hold without executing and, in its execution I have a wish, and My servant does not know about it. 1 then hesitate many times in its execution. I then keep it on hold and do not execute; I dislike making him suffer and avoid sending affliction upon him. I then grant him forgiveness and ignore (his sin) because of love for his offsetting the sin through his many optional prayers at nights, as well as during the day, with which he tries to get closer to Me. I then divert the misfortune from him even though I had already determined, decided and had kept it on hold and for its execution I had a wish. I then write for him a great reward for the ‘Would be coming misfortune’ upon him. I preserve it for him, make his reward available and he does not realize it. No trouble or misfortune reaches him. I am Allah, the Honorable, the Compassionate, the Merciful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/344)