197. Interpretation of Sins

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1ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الذُّنُوبُ الَّتِي تُغَيِّرُ النِّعَمَ الْبَغْيُ وَالذُّنُوبُ الَّتِي تُورِثُ النَّدَمَ الْقَتْلُ وَالَّتِي تُنْزِلُ النِّقَمَ الظُّلْمُ وَالَّتِي تَهْتِكُ السِّتْرَ شُرْبُ الْخَمْرِ وَالَّتِي تَحْبِسُ الرِّزْقَ الزِّنَا وَالَّتِي تُعَجِّلُ الْفَنَاءَ قَطِيعَةُ الرَّحِمِ وَالَّتِي تَرُدُّ الدُّعَاءَ وَتُظْلِمُ الْهَوَاءَ عُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْنِ.


1. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-‘Abbas ibn al-‘Ala’ from Mujahid from his father from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The sins that change the bounties (of Allah) are transgressions, the sins that bring regret are murder, the one that brings hatred is injustice, that which brings disgrace is drinking wine, the sin which holds back the means of living is fornication, the one that hastens one’s perishing is failing to maintain good relations with relatives and the sins that cause the prayers to be rejected and brings darkness (in life) is failing to maintain good relations with parents.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/340)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ كَانَ أَبِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ نَعُوذُ بِالله مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ الَّتِي تُعَجِّلُ الْفَنَاءَ وَتُقَرِّبُ الآجَالَ وَتُخْلِي الدِّيَارَ وَهِيَ قَطِيعَةُ الرَّحِمِ وَالْعُقُوقُ وَتَرْكُ الْبِرِّ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from Ishaq ibn ‘ Ammar who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘My father would say, “We seek refuge in Allah against the sin that hastens one’s perishing, draws death closer, and vacates the towns. Such sins are failing to maintain good relations with relatives, failing to maintain good relations with parents and disregarding virtuous deeds.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/341)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ أَوْ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِذَا فَشَا أَرْبَعَةٌ ظَهَرَتْ أَرْبَعَةٌ إِذَا فَشَا الزِّنَا ظَهَرَتِ الزَّلْزَلَةُ وَإِذَا فَشَا الْجَوْرُ فِي الْحُكْمِ احْتُبِسَ الْقَطْرُ وَإِذَا خُفِرَتِ الذِّمَّةُ أُدِيلَ لأهْلِ الشِّرْكِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الإسْلامِ وَإِذَا مُنِعَتِ الزَّكَاةُ ظَهَرَتِ الْحَاجَةُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Ayyub ibn Nuh or certain individuals of his people from Ayyub from Safwan ibn Yahya who has said that certain individuals of our people has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘When four things spread four other things appear: When fornication spreads all over, earthquakes turn out to be apparent. When injustice in governing is widespread, drops (of rain are) held back, when the rights of al-Dhimmah taxpayers are ignored, the pagans dominate the followers of Islam and when payment of al-Zakat (charity) is held back poverty spreads all over.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/342)