182. The Transients

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيهِما السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَقَ خَلْقاً لِلإيمَانِ لا زَوَالَ لَهُ وَخَلَقَ خَلْقاً لِلْكُفْرِ لا زَوَالَ لَهُ وَخَلَقَ خَلْقاً بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ وَاسْتَوْدَعَ بَعْضَهُمُ الإيمَانَ فَإِنْ يَشَأْ أَنْ يُتِمَّهُ لَهُمْ أَتَمَّهُ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ أَنْ يَسْلُبَهُمْ إِيَّاهُ سَلَبَهُمْ وَكَانَ فُلانٌ مِنْهُمْ مُعَاراً.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I heard either of the two Imams (a.s.) saying, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has created a creature for belief and there is no transition in it. He has created a creature for disbelief and there is no transition in it. He has created a creature in between. He has deposited belief in certain individuals among them. If He wills to complete it for them He does so for them, and if He wishes to remove it from them He does so and so and so was of transient (belief) among them.’” (So and so is a reference to Muhammad ibn Miqlas al- Asadi al-Kufi)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/243)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ وَالْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجَوْهَرِيِّ عَنْ كُلَيْبِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ الأسَدِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ يُصْبِحُ مُؤْمِناً وَيُمْسِيَ كَافِراً وَيُصْبِحُ كَافِراً وَيُمْسِيَ مُؤْمِناً وَقَوْمٌ يُعَارُونَ الإيمَانَ ثُمَّ يُسْلَبُونَهُ وَيُسَمَّوْنَ الْمُعَارِينَ ثُمَّ قَالَ فُلانٌ مِنْهُمْ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al- Husayn ibn Sa’id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub and al-Qasim ibn Muhammad al- Jawhari from Kulayb ibn Mu’awiyah al-Asadi from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘A servant (of Allah) may live in the morning as a believer and in the evening as an unbeliever. One may live in the morning as an unbeliever and in the evening as a believer. A people borrow belief then it is removed from them and they are called people with transient (belief).’ Then the Imam said, ‘So and so is among them (the last group).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/244)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ وَغَيْرِهِ عَنْ عِيسَى شَلَقَانَ قَالَ كُنْتُ قَاعِداً فَمَرَّ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَمَعَهُ بَهْمَةٌ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا غُلامُ مَا تَرَى مَا يَصْنَعُ أَبُوكَ يَأْمُرُنَا بِالشَّيْ‏ءِ ثُمَّ يَنْهَانَا عَنْهُ أَمَرَنَا أَنْ نَتَوَلَّى أَبَا الْخَطَّابِ ثُمَّ أَمَرَنَا أَنْ نَلْعَنَهُ وَنَتَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَهُوَ غُلامٌ إِنَّ الله خَلَقَ خَلْقاً لِلإيمَانِ لا زَوَالَ لَهُ وَخَلَقَ خَلْقاً لِلْكُفْرِ لا زَوَالَ لَهُ وَخَلَقَ خَلْقاً بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ أَعَارَهُ الإيمَانَ يُسَمَّوْنَ الْمُعَارِينَ إِذَا شَاءَ سَلَبَهُمْ وَكَانَ أَبُو الْخَطَّابِ مِمَّنْ أُعِيرَ الإيمَانَ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ مَا قُلْتُ لأبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَمَا قَالَ لِي فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّهُ نَبْعَةُ نُبُوَّةٍ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtari and others from ‘Isa Shalqan who has said the following: “Once I was sitting when abu al-Hassan Musa (a.s.) passed by and with him was a goat. I (the narrator) asked him, ‘O young man, do you know what your father does? He commands us to do something and then he prohibits us to do the same thing. He commanded us to be friends with abu al-Khattab and then he commanded us to condemn and disown him.’ Abu al-Hassan (a.s.) said, and he was only a young boy, ‘Allah has created a creature for belief that does not vanish. He has created a creature for disbelief that does not vanish. He has created a creature in between and has deposited belief in them and they are called people with transient belief. When He wills He removes belief from them and abu al-Khattab was one in whom belief was deposited temporarily.’ I (the narrator) then went in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and informed him of what I had said to abu al-Hassan and what abu al-Hassan (a.s.) had said to me. Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) then said, ‘He is one of the fountains from prophet-hood.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/244)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) قَالَ إِنَّ الله خَلَقَ النَّبِيِّينَ عَلَى النُّبُوَّةِ فَلا يَكُونُونَ إِلا أَنْبِيَاءَ وَخَلَقَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلَى الإيمَانِ فَلا يَكُونُونَ إِلا مُؤْمِنِينَ وَأَعَارَ قَوْماً إِيمَاناً فَإِنْ شَاءَ تَمَّمَهُ لَهُمْ وَإِنْ شَاءَ سَلَبَهُمْ إِيَّاهُ قَالَ وَفِيهِمْ جَرَتْ فَمُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمُسْتَوْدَعٌ وَقَالَ لِي إِنَّ فُلاناً كَانَ مُسْتَوْدَعاً إِيمَانُهُ فَلَمَّا كَذَبَ عَلَيْنَا سُلِبَ إِيمَانُهُ ذَلِكَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Isma’il ibn Marrar from Yunus from certain individuals of our people from abu al-Hassan (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘Allah has created the prophets with prophet-hood, thus, they are nothing else but prophets. He has created the believers upon belief and they are nothing else but believers. He has deposited belief in a people. If He wills He completes it in them and if He wishes He removes it from them.’ The Imam said, ‘About these people it is said, “. . . the permanent and transient. . . .” (6:98) The Imam said to me, ‘The belief of so and so was temporary. When he made false statements against us his belief was removed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/247)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ حَبِيبٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله جَبَلَ النَّبِيِّينَ عَلَى نُبُوَّتِهِمْ فَلا يَرْتَدُّونَ أَبَداً وَجَبَلَ الأوْصِيَاءَ عَلَى وَصَايَاهُمْ فَلا يَرْتَدُّونَ أَبَداً وَجَبَلَ بَعْضَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلَى الإيمَانِ فَلا يَرْتَدُّونَ أَبَداً وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ أُعِيرَ الإيمَانَ عَارِيَّةً فَإِذَا هُوَ دَعَا وَأَلَحَّ فِي الدُّعَاءِ مَاتَ عَلَى الإيمَانِ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn Sa’id from al-Qasim ibn Habib from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘Allah has formed the prophets upon their prophet-hood, thus they never, turn away therefrom. He has formed the successors of the prophets upon their successor-ship and they never turn away therefrom. He has formed certain believers upon belief and they never turn away therefrom. Belief in certain ones among them is deposited and if he prays persistently he dies upon belief.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/247)