181. Establishment of Belief and its Abolishment by Allah

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ الصَّحَّافِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لِمَ يَكُونُ الرَّجُلُ عِنْدَ الله مُؤْمِناً قَدْ ثَبَتَ لَهُ الإيمَانُ عِنْدَهُ ثُمَّ يَنْقُلُهُ الله بَعْدُ مِنَ الإيمَانِ إِلَى الْكُفْرِ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ هُوَ الْعَدْلُ إِنَّمَا دَعَا الْعِبَادَ إِلَى الإيمَانِ بِهِ لا إِلَى الْكُفْرِ وَلا يَدْعُو أَحَداً إِلَى الْكُفْرِ بِهِ فَمَنْ آمَنَ بِالله ثُمَّ ثَبَتَ لَهُ الإيمَانُ عِنْدَ الله لَمْ يَنْقُلْهُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الإيمَانِ إِلَى الْكُفْرِ قُلْتُ لَهُ فَيَكُونُ الرَّجُلُ كَافِراً قَدْ ثَبَتَ لَهُ الْكُفْرُ عِنْدَ الله ثُمَّ يَنْقُلُهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الْكُفْرِ إِلَى الإيمَانِ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَقَ النَّاسَ كُلَّهُمْ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ الَّتِي فَطَرَهُمْ عَلَيْهَا لا يَعْرِفُونَ إِيمَاناً بِشَرِيعَةٍ وَلا كُفْراً بِجُحُودٍ ثُمَّ بَعَثَ الله الرُّسُلَ تَدْعُوا الْعِبَادَ إِلَى الإيمَانِ بِهِ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ هَدَى الله وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ لَمْ يَهْدِهِ الله.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Husayn ibn Nu’aym al-Sahhaf who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘Why is it that a man is a believer before Allah and belief is established for him, then Allah transfers him from belief to disbelief?’ The narrator has said that the Imam said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, is just. He has called the servants to believe in Him, not to disbelief and does not call anyone to disbelieve Him. Whoever believes in Allah and belief is then established for him before Allah, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, does not transfer him thereafter from belief to disbelief.’ I said, ‘If a man is an unbeliever whose disbelief is established before Allah, will He transfer him from disbelief to belief?’ The Imam said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has created people - all of them - with the nature upon which He has fashioned them. They do not know belief in a way of life and a system of laws (is necessary) or that disbelief is denial (of something). Allah sent the Messengers who called people to believe in Him. Certain people are those whom Allah has guided (to the right path) and also among them are those whom He has not guided (to the right path).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/235)