14. Islam Is to Spare Lives (and to Keep the Trust) But Reward Comes From Belief

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ أَيْمَنَ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ الصَّيْرَفِيِّ شَرِيكِ الْمُفَضَّلِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الإسْلامُ يُحْقَنُ بِهِ الدَّمُ وَتُؤَدَّى بِهِ الأمَانَةُ وَتُسْتَحَلُّ بِهِ الْفُرُوجُ وَالثَّوَابُ عَلَى الإيمَانِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ’Umayr from al- Hakam ibn Ayman from al-Qasim al-Sayrafi associate of al-Mufaddal who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Islam is to spare lives, protect the trust and make the marriage lawful, but reward comes from faith and belief.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول بل حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/120)



2ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيهِما السَّلام) قَالَ الإيمَانُ إِقْرَارٌ وَعَمَلٌ وَالإسْلامُ إِقْرَارٌ بِلا عَمَلٍ.


2. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ’Umayr from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim from one of them (the two Imams) (a.s.) who has said the following: “Faith or belief is to affirm and act accordingly. Islam is just an affirmation.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/123)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ قالَتِ الأعْرابُ آمَنَّا قُلْ لَمْ تُؤْمِنُوا وَلكِنْ قُولُوا أَسْلَمْنا وَلَمَّا يَدْخُلِ الإيمانُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ فَقَالَ لِي أَ لا تَرَى أَنَّ الإيمَانَ غَيْرُ الإسْلامِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘The Arabs have said, “We have established belief.” Say, “You have not established belief but say, ‘We have accepted Islam.’ Belief has not yet entered your hearts.’” (49:14) The Imam said, ‘You must note that belief is something other than Islam’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/124)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ السِّمْطِ قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الإسْلامِ وَالإيمَانِ مَا الْفَرْقُ بَيْنَهُمَا فَلَمْ يُجِبْهُ ثُمَّ سَأَلَهُ فَلَمْ يُجِبْهُ ثُمَّ الْتَقَيَا فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَقَدْ أَزِفَ مِنَ الرَّجُلِ الرَّحِيلُ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كَأَنَّهُ قَدْ أَزِفَ مِنْكَ رَحِيلٌ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ فَالْقَنِي فِي الْبَيْتِ فَلَقِيَهُ فَسَأَلَهُ عَنِ الإسْلامِ وَالإيمَانِ مَا الْفَرْقُ بَيْنَهُمَا فَقَالَ الإسْلامُ هُوَ الظَّاهِرُ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ شَهَادَةُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلا الله وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَإِقَامُ الصَّلاةِ وَإِيتَاءُ الزَّكَاةِ وَحِجُّ الْبَيْتِ وَصِيَامُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَهَذَا الإسْلامُ وَقَالَ الإيمَانُ مَعْرِفَةُ هَذَا الأمْرِ مَعَ هَذَا فَإِنْ أَقَرَّ بِهَا وَلَمْ يَعْرِفْ هَذَا الأمْرَ كَانَ مُسْلِماً وَكَانَ ضَالاً.


4. Muhammad ibnYahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sufyan ibn al-Simt who has said the following: “Once a man asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘What is the difference between Islam and belief?’ The Imam then did not answer. Again he asked and the Imam did not answer. They then met each other on the road while the man was about to leave. Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said, ‘It seems as if you are about to leave.’ He said, ‘Yes, I am about to leave.’ The Imam then said, ‘Come home for a meeting.’ He met the Imam and asked him about Islam and belief and about the difference between the two. The Imam said, ‘Islam is what people have publicly accepted, such as that no one deserves to be worshipped except Allah, Who has no partners. That Muhammad (a.s.) is His servant and His Messenger, that it is obligatory to perform prayer, pay al-Zakat (charity), to perform Hajj of the House and fast in the month of Ramadan. This is Islam.’ The Imam (also) said, ‘Belief is recognition of this issue (that the Imam possesses Divine Authority). In such a condition, if one affirms the other principles of Islam but does not recognize this issue (that the Imam possesses Divine Authority) he is a Muslim but is lost.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/125)



5ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ قالَتِ الأعْرابُ آمَنَّا قُلْ لَمْ تُؤْمِنُوا وَلكِنْ قُولُوا أَسْلَمْنا فَمَنْ زَعَمَ أَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا فَقَدْ كَذَبَ وَمَنْ زَعَمَ أَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يُسْلِمُوا فَقَدْ كَذَبَ.


5. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad and a number of our people from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all of them from al- Washsha’ from Aban from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, ‘The Arabs have said, “We have established belief.” Say, “You have not established belief but say, ‘We have accepted Islam.’ Belief has not yet entered your hearts.” (49:14) Whoever thinks that they (Arabs) had belief, his thoughts are false and whoever thinks that they had not accepted Islam he has lied.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/126)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَكَمِ بْنِ أَيْمَنَ عَنْ قَاسِمٍ شَرِيكِ الْمُفَضَّلِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الإسْلامُ يُحْقَنُ بِهِ الدَّمُ وَتُؤَدَّى بِهِ الأمَانَةُ وَتُسْتَحَلُّ بِهِ الْفُرُوجُ وَالثَّوَابُ عَلَى الإيمَانِ.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa’id from Hakam ibn Ayman from Qasim associate of al-Mufaddal who has said that he heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) say the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Islam is to protect life, return the trust and make marriages lawful. Reward, however, comes from belief.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن على الصح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (126/ 7)