111. The Sins

Back to book

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ مَا مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَفْسَدَ لِلْقَلْبِ مِنْ خَطِيئَةٍ إِنَّ الْقَلْبَ لَيُوَاقِعُ الْخَطِيئَةَ فَمَا تَزَالُ بِهِ حَتَّى تَغْلِبَ عَلَيْهِ فَيُصَيِّرَ أَعْلاهُ أَسْفَلَهُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Talhah ibn Zayd from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “My father would say, ‘There is nothing more destructive to the heart than sins. The heart falls on sins and remains that way until sins subdue it and then it turns upside down.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/396)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَما أَصْبَرَهُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ فَقَالَ مَا أَصْبَرَهُمْ عَلَى فِعْلِ مَا يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ يُصَيِّرُهُمْ إِلَى النَّارِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from those he has mentioned (in his book) from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘What has made them remain so patient in the fire?’ (2:175) The Imam said, ‘What has made them so patiently do something that they know will lead them to the fire?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/398)



3ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنْ عِرْقٍ يَضْرِبُ وَلا نَكْبَةٍ وَلا صُدَاعٍ وَلا مَرَضٍ إِلا بِذَنْبٍ وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَما أَصابَكُمْ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فَبِما كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَيَعْفُوا عَنْ كَثِيرٍ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَمَا يَعْفُو الله أَكْثَرُ مِمَّا يُؤَاخِذُ بِهِ.


3. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from al- Nadr ibn Suwayd from Hisham ibn Salim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “No vein is injured, no failure takes place, no headache or illness occurs but because of the sin. This is mentioned in the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘Whatever hardship befalls you is the result of your own deeds. Allah pardons many of your sins.’ (42:30) The Imam then said, ‘Allah forgives more than what He punishes for.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (399/ 9)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ نَكْبَةٍ تُصِيبُ الْعَبْدَ إِلا بِذَنْبٍ وَمَا يَعْفُو الله عَنْهُ أَكْثَرُ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Fudayl ibn Yasar from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “No failure ever takes place in the life of a servant (of Allah) except because of sin and that which Allah forgives him for is much more.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/401)



5ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لا تُبْدِيَنَّ عَنْ وَاضِحَةٍ وَقَدْ عَمِلْتَ الأعْمَالَ الْفَاضِحَةَ وَلا يَأْمَنِ الْبَيَاتَ مَنْ عَمِلَ السَّيِّئَاتِ.


5. Ali has narrated from his father from al-Nawfali from al-Sakuni from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) has said, ‘You must never show your teeth (smile) when you have committed disgraceful deeds and never feel safe from misfortune to strike you due to (your) sinful deeds.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/401)



6ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ تَعَوَّذُوا بِالله مِنْ سَطَوَاتِ الله بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ وَمَا سَطَوَاتُ الله قَالَ الأخْذُ عَلَى الْمَعَاصِي.


6. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from ibn ‘Usamah who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Seek refuge with Allah from His striking you at night or during the day.’ I (the narrator) asked him, ‘What is Allah’s striking?’ The Imam said, ‘It is Allah’s punishing for sins.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (401/ 9)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الذُّنُوبُ كُلُّهَا شَدِيدَةٌ وَأَشَدُّهَا مَا نَبَتَ عَلَيْهِ اللَّحْمُ وَالدَّمُ لأنَّهُ إِمَّا مَرْحُومٌ وَإِمَّا مُعَذَّبٌ وَالْجَنَّةُ لا يَدْخُلُهَا إِلا طَيِّبٌ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Sulayman al-Ja’fari from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “All sins are intense and severe. The most severe is that which increases flesh and blood (consumption of unlawful foods). Sins are either forgiven or one is punished for and paradise is only for the clean ones to enter.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (402/ 9)



8ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ لَيُذْنِبُ الذَّنْبَ فَيُزْوَى عَنْهُ الرِّزْقُ.


8. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from al- Washsha’ from Aban from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “A servant (of Allah) commits a sin it causes a serious reduction in his means of living.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (403/ 9)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُخْتَارٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَلْعُونٌ مَلْعُونٌ مَنْ عَبَدَ الدِّينَارَ وَالدِّرْهَمَ مَلْعُونٌ مَلْعُونٌ مَنْ كُمُّهُ أَعْمَى مَلْعُونٌ مَلْعُونٌ مَنْ نَكَحَ بَهِيمَةً.


9. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad from Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Nawfali from al-Husayn ibn Mukhtar from a man from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Condemned and condemned is one who worships Dirham and Dinar, condemned and condemned is one who is blind (toward the truth). Condemned and condemned is one who carries out carnal relations with animals.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/404)



10ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ اتَّقُوا الْمُحَقَّرَاتِ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ فَإِنَّ لَهَا طَالِباً يَقُولُ أَحَدُكُمْ أُذْنِبُ وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ وَنَكْتُبُ ما قَدَّمُوا وَآثارَهُمْ وَكُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَحْصَيْناهُ فِي إِمامٍ مُبِينٍ وَقَالَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنَّها إِنْ تَكُ مِثْقالَ حَبَّةٍ مِنْ خَرْدَلٍ فَتَكُنْ فِي صَخْرَةٍ أَوْ فِي السَّماواتِ أَوْ فِي الأرْضِ يَأْتِ بِهَا الله إِنَّ الله لَطِيفٌ خَبِيرٌ.


10. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from al- Washsha’ from Ali ibn abu Hamza from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu la’ far (a.s.) saying, ‘Stay away from insignificant sins because there is demand for them. One of you will say, ‘I sin and ask forgiveness.’ Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has said, ‘It is We who bring the dead to life and record the deeds of human beings and their consequences (of continual effects). We keep everything recorded in an illustrious Imam (leader).’ (36:12) Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, in the words of Luqman, has also said, ‘My son, Allah keeps the records of all the good and evil deeds, even if they are as small as a grain of mustard seed, hidden in a rock or in the heavens or the earth. Allah is subtle and All-aware.’” (31:16)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (406/ 9)



11ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ طَرِيفٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الذَّنْبَ يَحْرِمُ الْعَبْدَ الرِّزْقَ.


11. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah from Sulayman ibn Turayf from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘The sin deprives the servant (of Allah) of sustenance.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/409)



12ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيُذْنِبُ الذَّنْبَ فَيُدْرَأُ عَنْهُ الرِّزْقُ وَتَلا هَذِهِ الآيَةَ إِذْ أَقْسَمُوا لَيَصْرِمُنَّها مُصْبِحِينَ وَلإ؛آآّّ يَسْتَثْنُونَ فَطافَ عَلَيْها طائِفٌ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَهُمْ نائِمُونَ.


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from al-Fudayl from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “A man commits a sin and it moves sustenance away from him and he (Imam) read this verse of the Holy Quran: ‘. . . when they swore to pluck all the fruits of the garden in the morning, (68:17) without adding, "if Allah wills" (18). A visitor (destruction) from your Lord circled (destroyed totally) around the garden during the night while they were asleep.’” (68:19)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (409/ 9)



13ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِذَا أَذْنَبَ الرَّجُلُ خَرَجَ فِي قَلْبِهِ نُكْتَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ فَإِنْ تَابَ انْمَحَتْ وَإِنْ زَادَ زَادَتْ حَتَّى تَغْلِبَ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ فَلا يُفْلِحُ بَعْدَهَا أَبَداً.


13. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘When a man commits a sin a black dot appears in his heart. If he then repents, the dot will disappear, if he commits more sins it will increase until it will take over his heart and he then will never have salvation.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (412/ 9)



14ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ يَسْأَلُ الله الْحَاجَةَ فَيَكُونُ مِنْ شَأْنِهِ قَضَاؤُهَا إِلَى أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ أَوْ إِلَى وَقْتٍ بَطِي‏ءٍ فَيُذْنِبُ الْعَبْدُ ذَنْباً فَيَقُولُ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى لِلْمَلَكِ لا تَقْضِ حَاجَتَهُ وَاحْرِمْهُ إِيَّاهَا فَإِنَّهُ تَعَرَّضَ لِسَخَطِي وَاسْتَوْجَبَ الْحِرْمَانَ مِنِّي.


14. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Muslim from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘When a servant (of Allah) prays, his prayer is supposed to be answered within a short or a longer time. The servant (of Allah) commits a sin and Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, says to the angel not to answer his prayer and deprive him; he is subjected to My anger and he deserves deprivation from Me.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (414/ 9)



15ـ ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّهُ مَا مِنْ سَنَةٍ أَقَلَّ مَطَراً مِنْ سَنَةٍ وَلَكِنَّ الله يَضَعُهُ حَيْثُ يَشَاءُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِذَا عَمِلَ قَوْمٌ بِالْمَعَاصِي صَرَفَ عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانَ قَدَّرَ لَهُمْ مِنَ الْمَطَرِ فِي تِلْكَ السَّنَةِ إِلَى غَيْرِهِمْ وَإِلَى الْفَيَافِي وَالْبِحَارِ وَالْجِبَالِ وَإِنَّ الله لَيُعَذِّبُ الْجُعَلَ فِي جُحْرِهَا بِحَبْسِ الْمَطَرِ عَنِ الأرْضِ الَّتِي هِيَ بِمَحَلِّهَا بِخَطَايَا مَنْ بِحَضْرَتِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلَ الله لَهَا السَّبِيلَ فِي مَسْلَكٍ سِوَى مَحَلَّةِ أَهْلِ الْمَعَاصِي قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَاعْتَبِرُوا يَا أُولِي الأبْصَارِ.


15. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from Malik ibn ‘Atiyyah from abu Hamza who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, ‘The amount of rain each year is the same but Allah sets it as He wills. When a people commit sins, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, reduces their share of rain in that year and diverts it to other places such as open lands, oceans and mountains. Allah makes the beetles suffer in their hiding places by means of stopping the rain fall in that area because of the sins of those who live near by while He has created ways for it (beetles) to move away where sins are not committed.’ The Imam then said, ‘Learn a lesson, O people of reason.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/415)



16ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ يُذْنِبُ الذَّنْبَ فَيُحْرَمُ صَلاةَ اللَّيْلِ وَإِنَّ الْعَمَلَ السَّيِّئَ أَسْرَعُ فِي صَاحِبِهِ مِنَ السِّكِّينِ فِي اللَّحْمِ.


16. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “A man commits sins and he is deprived of the prayer at night. The bad deed runs quicker (in a destructive way) into its owner than the sharp knife into the flesh.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (416/ 9)



17ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ هَمَّ بِسَيِّئَةٍ فَلا يَعْمَلْهَا فَإِنَّهُ رُبَّمَا عَمِلَ الْعَبْدُ السَّيِّئَةَ فَيَرَاهُ الرَّبُّ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فَيَقُولُ وَعِزَّتِي وَجَلالِي لا أَغْفِرُ لَكَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ أَبَداً.


17. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “One who thinks to commit a sin, must not commit it; perhaps a servant (of Allah) commits a sin and the Lord, the Most Blessed, the Most High, finds him in that condition. He will say, ‘I swear by my Majesty and Glory that I will never forgive you thereafter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (416/ 9)



18ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ النَّهْدِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ حَقٌّ عَلَى الله أَنْ لا يُعْصَى فِي دَارٍ إِلا أَضْحَاهَا لِلشَّمْسِ حَتَّى تُطَهِّرَهَا.


18. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Nahdi from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from a man from abu al-Hassan (a.s.) who has said the following: “It is a responsibility for Allah to expose the house wherein sin is committed, to the sun to cleanse it (subject it to ruination).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (416/ 9)



19ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأصَمِّ عَنْ مِسْمَعِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ لَيُحْبَسُ عَلَى ذَنْبٍ مِنْ ذُنُوبِهِ مِائَةَ عَامٍ وَإِنَّهُ لَيَنْظُرُ إِلَى أَزْوَاجِهِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ يَتَنَعَّمْنَ.


19. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Shammun from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Asamm from Musma’ ibn ‘Abd al-Malik from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘A servant (of Allah) may become imprisoned for a hundred years because of one of his sins. He will see his spouses enjoy blessings in paradise.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/417)



20ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ إِلا وَفِي قَلْبِهِ نُكْتَةٌ بَيْضَاءُ فَإِذَا أَذْنَبَ ذَنْباً خَرَجَ فِي النُّكْتَةِ نُكْتَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ فَإِنْ تَابَ ذَهَبَ ذَلِكَ السَّوَادُ وَإِنْ تَمَادَى فِي الذُّنُوبِ زَادَ ذَلِكَ السَّوَادُ حَتَّى يُغَطِّيَ الْبَيَاضَ فَإِذَا غَطَّى الْبَيَاضَ لَمْ يَرْجِعْ صَاحِبُهُ إِلَى خَيْرٍ أَبَداً وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ كَلا بَلْ رانَ عَلى‏ قُلُوبِهِمْ ما كانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ.


20. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from ‘Isa ibn Ayyub from Ali ibn Mahziyar from al-Qasim ibn ‘Urwah from ibn Bukayr from Zurara from abu Ja’far who has said the following: “In the heart of every servant (of Allah) there is a white dot. When he commits a sin a black dot appears in the white one. If he repents the black dot goes away, but if he continues committing sins the black dot enlarges until it covers the white dot and when the white dot is covered the person thereafter does not return to good things as Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has said, ‘In fact, their hearts are stained by their deeds.’” ( 83 : 14 )


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (417/ 9)



21ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لا تُبْدِيَنَّ عَنْ وَاضِحَةٍ وَقَدْ عَمِلْتَ الأعْمَالَ الْفَاضِحَةَ وَلا تَأْمَنِ الْبَيَاتَ وَقَدْ عَمِلْتَ السَّيِّئَاتِ.


21. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from abu al-Hassan al-Rida (a.s.) who has said the following: “Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) has said, ‘Do not show your teeth (smile) if you have committed disgraceful sins. Do not feel safe from misfortunes if you have performed evil deeds.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (419/ 9)



22ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى وَأَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَمْرٍو الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ كَانَ أَبِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الله قَضَى قَضَاءً حَتْماً أَلا يُنْعِمَ عَلَى الْعَبْدِ بِنِعْمَةٍ فَيَسْلُبَهَا إِيَّاهُ حَتَّى يُحْدِثَ الْعَبْدُ ذَنْباً يَسْتَحِقُّ بِذَلِكَ النَّقِمَةَ.


22. Muhammad ibn Yahya and Abu Ali al-Ash’ari have narrated from al-Husayn ibn Ishaq from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from abu ‘Amr al-Mada’ini who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘My father has said, “Allah has made a firm decision not to take away the blessing that He has granted to a servant of His until he commits a sin that subjects him to misfortune.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (420/ 9)



23ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ سَدِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَقالُوا رَبَّنا باعِدْ بَيْنَ أَسْفارِنا وَظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ الآيَةَ فَقَالَ هَؤُلاءِ قَوْمٌ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ قُرًى مُتَّصِلَةٌ يَنْظُرُ بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ وَأَنْهَارٌ جَارِيَةٌ وَأَمْوَالٌ ظَاهِرَةٌ فَكَفَرُوا نِعَمَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَغَيَّرُوا مَا بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ مِنْ عَافِيَةِ الله فَغَيَّرَ الله مَا بِهِمْ مِنْ نِعْمَةٍ وَإِنَّ الله لا يُغَيِّرُ ما بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّى يُغَيِّرُوا ما بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ فَأَرْسَلَ الله عَلَيْهِمْ سَيْلَ الْعَرِمِ فَغَرَّقَ قُرَاهُمْ وَخَرَّبَ دِيَارَهُمْ وَأَذْهَبَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ وَأَبْدَلَهُمْ مَكَانَ جَنَّاتِهِمْ جَنَّتَيْنِ ذَوَاتَيْ أُكُلٍ خَمْطٍ وَأَثْلٍ وَشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ سِدْرٍ قَلِيلٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ ذلِكَ جَزَيْناهُمْ بِما كَفَرُوا وَهَلْ نُجازِي إِلا الْكَفُورَ.


23. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from Jamil ibn Salih from Sadir who has said the following: “Once a man asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘ . They said, “Lord, make the distances of our journeys longer.” They did injustice to themselves. . . .’ (34:19) The Imam said, ‘They were a people who lived in towns that were attached to each other, and they could see each other. There were canals with flowing water and large properties. They did not appreciate the favors of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, and changed the manners in their souls, the comfort that Allah had granted them, thus, Allah changed the blessings they enjoyed. Allah does not change the conditions of any people until they themselves change their manners in their souls. Allah sent upon them a huge flood that drowned their towns, destroyed their homes and properties. Allah changed their gardens into two gardens that had only bitter fruits, tamarisk and a few lotus trees and then Allah said, “This was how We recompensed them for their ungratefulness and thus do We recompense the ungrateful ones.’” (34:17)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/420)



24ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ مَا أَنْعَمَ الله عَلَى عَبْدٍ نِعْمَةً فَسَلَبَهَا إِيَّاهُ حَتَّى يُذْنِبَ ذَنْباً يَسْتَحِقُّ بِذَلِكَ السَّلْبَ.


24. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Sama’a who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Allah does not take away the favor that He grants to a servant as long as he does not commit a sin that may subject him to losing Allah’s favor.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (424/ 9)



25ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ وَاقِدٍ الْجَزَرِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بَعَثَ نَبِيّاً مِنْ أَنْبِيَائِهِ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ وَأَوْحَى إِلَيْهِ أَنْ قُلْ لِقَوْمِكَ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِ قَرْيَةٍ وَلا أُنَاسٍ كَانُوا عَلَى طَاعَتِي فَأَصَابَهُمْ فِيهَا سَرَّاءُ فَتَحَوَّلُوا عَمَّا أُحِبُّ إِلَى مَا أَكْرَهُ إِلا تَحَوَّلْتُ لَهُمْ عَمَّا يُحِبُّونَ إِلَى مَا يَكْرَهُونَ وَلَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِ قَرْيَةٍ وَلا أَهْلِ بَيْتٍ كَانُوا عَلَى مَعْصِيَتِي فَأَصَابَهُمْ فِيهَا ضَرَّاءُ فَتَحَوَّلُوا عَمَّا أَكْرَهُ إِلَى مَا أُحِبُّ إِلا تَحَوَّلْتُ لَهُمْ عَمَّا يَكْرَهُونَ إِلَى مَا يُحِبُّونَ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ إِنَّ رَحْمَتِي سَبَقَتْ غَضَبِي فَلا تَقْنَطُوا مِنْ رَحْمَتِي فَإِنَّهُ لا يَتَعَاظَمُ عِنْدِي ذَنْبٌ أَغْفِرُهُ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ لا يَتَعَرَّضُوا مُعَانِدِينَ لِسَخَطِي وَلا يَسْتَخِفُّوا بِأَوْلِيَائِي فَإِنَّ لِي سَطَوَاتٍ عِنْدَ غَضَبِي لا يَقُومُ لَهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنْ خَلْقِي.


25. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad fand Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from al-Haytham ibn Waqid al-Jazari who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sent a prophet to his people and inspired him to tell his people that the Lord says, ‘There has not been any inhabitants of a town or people who obeyed Me and lived happily and then changed from the condition that 1 loved to what I disliked, but that 1 also changed their condition from what they liked to what they disliked. There has not been any inhabitant of a town or a house who disobeyed Me and were suffering hardships. They then changed their condition from what I disliked to what I loved, I also then changed their condition from what they disliked to what they loved. Tell them that My favors come before My anger. Do not despair of receiving My favors; sins are not much greater to Me to forgive. Tell them not to subject themselves stubbornly to My anger and do not consider My friends insignificant; when angry. My striking is insurmountable and no one of the creatures can withstand it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (425/ 9)



26ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْهَاشِمِيُّ عَنْ جَدِّهِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ الله عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى نَبِيٍّ مِنَ الأنْبِيَاءِ إِذَا أُطِعْتُ رَضِيتُ وَإِذَا رَضِيتُ بَارَكْتُ وَلَيْسَ لِبَرَكَتِي نِهَايَةٌ وَإِذَا عُصِيتُ غَضِبْتُ وَإِذَا غَضِبْتُ لَعَنْتُ وَلَعْنَتِي تَبْلُغُ السَّابِعَ مِنَ الْوَرَى.


26. Ali ibn Ibrahim al-Hashimi has narrated from his grandfather, Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ubayd Allah from Sulayman al-Ja’fary from al- Rida (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sent revelation to one of the prophets that said, ‘When I am obeyed I become happy. When I become happy I grant blessings and there is no end to My blessings. When I am disobeyed I become angry, when I become angry I condemn and My condemnation reaches seven levels (generations).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (426/ 9)



27ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ إِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَيَكْثُرُ بِهِ الْخَوْفُ مِنَ السُّلْطَانِ وَمَا ذَلِكَ إِلا بِالذُّنُوبِ فَتَوَقَّوْهَا مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ وَلا تَمَادَوْا فِيهَا.


27. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hassan from Muhammad ibn al-Walid from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “You may feel afraid of a king because of your disobeying him. You must avoid it if you can and do not continue in such condition.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (427/ 9)



28ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لا وَجَعَ أَوْجَعُ لِلْقُلُوبِ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ وَلا خَوْفَ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ وَكَفَى بِمَا سَلَفَ تَفَكُّراً وَكَفَى بِالْمَوْتِ وَاعِظاً.


28. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus in a marfu’ manner from Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) who has said the following: “No pain is more painful to the heart than sins and there is no fear more intense than fear of death. Past experience is enough material for thinking and death is more than enough a preacher.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (427/ 9)



29ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْكُوفِيُّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْمِيثَمِيِّ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ هِلالٍ الشَّامِيِّ مَوْلىً لأبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الرِّضَا (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ كُلَّمَا أَحْدَثَ الْعِبَادُ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ مَا لَمْ يَكُونُوا يَعْمَلُونَ أَحْدَثَ الله لَهُمْ مِنَ الْبَلاءِ مَا لَمْ يَكُونُوا يَعْرِفُونَ.


29. Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Kufi has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hassan al- Maythami from al-‘Abbas ibn Hilal al-Shami, Mawla of abu al-Hassan Musa (a.s.) who has said the following: “I heard al-Rida (a.s.) saying, ‘Whenever servants commit such sins that they had not committed before, Allah creates a new misfortune against them of which they had no knowledge.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (428/ 9)



30ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبَّادِ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ يَقُولُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِذَا عَصَانِي مَنْ عَرَفَنِي سَلَّطْتُ عَلَيْهِ مَنْ لا يَعْرِفُنِي.


30. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from ‘Abbad ibn Suhayb from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has said, ‘When a person who knows Me commits a sin, I subject him to the troubles from one who does not know Me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (429/ 9)



31ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَرَفَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ لله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ مُنَادِياً يُنَادِي مَهْلاً مَهْلاً عِبَادَ الله عَنْ مَعَاصِي الله فَلَوْ لا بَهَائِمُ رُتَّعٌ وَصِبْيَةٌ رُضَّعٌ وَشُيُوخٌ رُكَّعٌ لَصُبَّ عَلَيْكُمُ الْعَذَابُ صَبّاً تُرَضُّونَ بِهِ رَضّاً.


31. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from ibn ‘Arafah from abu al-Hassan (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has an announcer who announces every day and night, ‘O servants of Allah, hold and stop committing sins and disobedience to Allah. Had it not been for the presence of grazing animals, breastfeeding children, bent down old people among you, torment would have definitely been poured down upon you and you would have been battered severely.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/429)