1. Imam ‘Ali (as)’s Testament

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1 - قال: حدثني أبو حفص عمر بن محمد بن علي الصيرفي المعروف بابن الزيات قال: حدثنا أبو علي محمد بن همام الإسكافي قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مالك قال: حدثنا أحمد بن سلامة الغنوي قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسين العامري قال: حدثنا أبو معمر، عن أبي بكر بن عياش، عن الفجيع العقيلي قال: حدثني الحسن بن علي بن أبي طالب عليهما السلام قال: لما حضرت أبي الوفاة أقبل يوصي فقال: هذا ما أوصى به علي بن أبي طالب أخو محمد رسول الله وابن عمه ووصيه و صاحبه. وأول وصيتي أني أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، وأن محمدا رسوله وخيرته، اختاره بعلمه، وارتضاه لخيرته ، وأن الله باعث من في القبور، وسائل الناس عن أعمالهم، وعالم بما في الصدور. ثم إني أوصيك يا حسن وكفى بك وصيا بما أوصاني به رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله، فإذا كان ذلك يا بني فالزم بيتك، وابك على خطيئتك، ولا تكن الدنيا أكبر همك. وأوصيك يا بني بالصلاة عند وقتها، والزكاة في أهلها عند محلها، والصمت عند الشبهة، والاقتصاد في العمل، والعدل في الرضا والغضب، وحسن الجوار، وإكرام الضيف، ورحمة المجهود وأصحاب البلاء، وصلة الرحم، وحب المساكين ومجالستهم، والتواضع فإنه من أفضل العبادة، وقصر الأمل، وذكر الموت، والزهد في الدنيا فإنك رهن موت، وغرض بلاء، وطريح سقم . وأوصيك بخشية الله في سر أمرك وعلانيته ، وأنهاك عن التسرع بالقول والفعل، وإذا عرض شئ من أمر الآخرة فابدأ به، وإذا عرض شئ من أمر الدنيا فتأنه حتى تصيب رشدك فيه. وإياك ومواطن التهمة والمجلس المظنون به السوء، فإن قرين السوء يغير جليسه. وكن لله يا بني عاملا، وعن الخنا زجورا، وبالمعروف آمرا، وعن المنكر ناهيا، وواخ الإخوان في الله، وأحب الصالح لصلاحه، ودار الفاسق عن دينك، وأبغضه بقلبك، وزايله بأعمالك لئلا تكون مثله. وإياك والجلوس في الطرقات، ودع المماراة ومجاراة من لا عقل له ولا علم. واقتصد يا بني في معيشتك، واقتصد في عبادتك، وعليك فيها بالأمر الدائم الذي تطيقه. والزم الصمت تسلم، وقدم لنفسك تغنم ، وتعلم الخير تعلم، وكن لله ذاكرا على كل حال، وارحم من أهلك الصغير، ووقر منهم الكبير، ولا تأكلن طعاما حتى تصدق منه قبل أكله. وعليك بالصوم فإنه زكاة البدن وجنة لأهله، وجاهد نفسك، واحذر جليسك، واجتنب عدوك، وعليك بمجالس الذكر، وأكثر من الدعاء فإني لم آلك يا بني نصحا، وهذا فراق بيني وبينك. وأوصيك بأخيك محمد خيرا فإنه شقيقك وابن أبيك، وقد تعلم حبي له. وأما أخوك الحسين فهو ابن أمك، ولا أزيد الوصاة بذلك ، والله الخليفة عليكم، وإياه أسأل أن يصلحكم، وأن يكف الطغاة البغاة عنكم، والصبر الصبر حتى يتولى الله الأمر ، ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم.


1. He said: Abu Hafs Umar ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Sayrafi, commonly known as Ibn al-Zayyat, reported to me from Abu ‘Ali Muhammad ibn Hammam al-Iskafi, who reported from Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Malik, who reported from Ahmad ibn Salamah al-Ghanawi, who reported from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn al-Ameri, who reported from Abu Muammar, who reported from Abu Bakr ibn Ayyash, from al-Fujay’ al-Aqilee who said: Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib reported me that when my father was nearing his death, he began to enjoy, saying: "This is testified by ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, the brother of Muhammad, messenger of Allah, his cousin, his successor and his companion. My first testament is that, I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that, Muhammad is His messenger and His chosen one. He chose him by His knowledge and by His selection. And that Allah will resurrect all those in the graves and take the account of their deeds from the people; and He knows what they conceal in the hearts. Now, I enjoy upon you, O Hasan and you are a sufficient successor, all that the messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny, enjoined me to do. When things are as they are, make it a habit to remain indoors and weep over your lapses. And do not let the worldly affairs become your main worry. And I enjoy upon you to perform daily prayers at their right time and to pay alms to the deserving people on the right occasion; and to remain silent when in doubt, and to maintain a balance in your acts, and to be just when pleased or angry, and to observe good neighbourliness and to be cordial to the guest, and kind to the one in difficulty and those in adversity, and to keep good relation with the kinsmen, and to love the poor and to give them company, and to remain humble, for that is the best form of worship, and to cut short your long deluding hopes and to remember death and to detach yourself from the worldly distraction, for indeed you are mortgaged to death, targeted by afflictions and illnesses. And I enjoy upon you to be in fear of Allah in your private as well as public affairs; and forbid you to be impetuous in speech and act. And when any matter concerning the life hereafter springs up before you, initiate it; and when any matter related to this world comes up, be patient till you are rightly guided about it. And refrain from being at places where you can be accused (of evil), and avoid the company of those who are known for the vices. Surely, an evil companion influences a change over his associate. O my son, always work for Allah and restrain from obscenity; and enjoy good and forbid evil. Promote brotherhood among friends for the sake of Allah; and love a righteous man for his virtue. Divert the sinful from (tampering with) your faith, and abhor him with your heart and break away from him by your deeds, so that you do not become like him. And avoid sitting in the streets and hold back from arguments and disputations with those who neither have wisdom nor knowledge. Be economic in your living and also maintain a balance in your acts of devotion and worship; adopting among them that which you can perform with regularity. Remain silent and you will be saved, and send forth in advance for yourself and you will benefit. Learn the ways of good and you will know, and always remember Allah. And be kind to the tender ones in your family and show reverence to the older ones. And do not eat any food till you have given away from it in charity before eating it. And have a habit of fasting, for that is the purification of the body and a shield for its people. Fight your base desires, warn your friends, avoid your enemies and attend the gatherings where Allah is remembered. Be frequent in your supplications, for I am not going to be back for advising you - and this indeed is the parting between us. And I enjoy upon you to be kind to Muhammad, who is your brother; the son of your father. And you know how much I love him. And as for your brother al-Husayn, he is your mother’s son; and I do not wish to add anything to that. I leave you in the care of Allah and to Him I pray for your well being and beseech Him to save you from the rebellious despots. I enjoy upon you patience, patience, till Allah decrees His command and there is no might but by Allah, Most High, Most Powerful."