13. The eight characteristics of Ali (MGB)

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8-17 حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن إسحاق الطالقاني رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا أبوسعيد الحسن بن علي العدوي قال: حدثنا عمر بن المختار قال: حدثنا يحيى الحماني قال: حدثنا قيس بن الربيع، عن الاعمش، عن عباية بن ربعي الاسدي، عن أبي أيوب الانصاري قال: إن رسول الله مرض مرضة فأتته فاطمة عليها السلام تعوده وهو ناقه من مرضه فلما رأت مابرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله من الجهد والضعف خنقتها العبرة حتى جرت دمعتها على خدها، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لها: يا فاطمة إن الله جل ذكره اطلع على الارض اطلاعة فاختار منها أباك واطلع ثانية فاختار منها بعلك، فأوحى إلي فأنكحتكه، أما علمت يافاطمة أن لكرامة الله إياك زوجك أقدمهم سلما أعظمهم حلما وأكثرهم علما قال: فسرت بذلك فاطمة واستبشرت بما قال لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فأراد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أن يزيدها مزيد الخير كله من الذي قسمه الله له ولمحمـد صلى الله عليه وآله وآل محمد، فقال عليه السلام: يافاطمة لعلي عليه السلام ثمان خصال: إيمانه بالله ورسوله، وعلمه وحكمته، وزوجته، وسبطاه حسن وحسين، وأمره بالمعروف ونهيه عن المنكر، وقضاؤه بكتاب الله، يا فاطمة إنا أهل بيت اعطينا سبع خصال لم يعطها أحد من الاولين قبلنا ولايدركها أحد من الآخرين بعدنا: نبينا خير الانبياء وهو أبوك، ووصينا خير الاوصياء وهو بعلك، وشهيدنا سيد الشهداء وهو حمزة عم أبيك، ومنا من له جناحان يطير بهما في الجنة وهو جعفر، ومنا سبطا هذه الامة وهما ابناك

8-17 Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Taleqani - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Abu Sa’id al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Ado’we quoted Umar ibn al-Mukhtar, on the authority of Yahya al-Himani, on the authority of Qays ibn al-Rabi’a, on the authority of Al-A’amash, on the authority of Ababiat ibn Rub’ee Al-Asady, on the authority of Ayoob al-Ansari, “Fatimah (MGB) visited the Prophet (MGB) when he (MGB) became so ill that he was about to die. When she saw that he (MGB) was so ill, tears poured down her cheeks from her eyes. The Prophet (MGB) told her (MGB), ‘O Fatimah! God - Exalted is His Remembrance - took a close look at the Earth and chose your father (MGB) from amongst all of the people on it. Then He took another close look at the Earth and chose your husband Ali (MGB) and inspired me to marry you off to him (MGB). O Fatimah! You should know that out of God’s generosity He joined you in marriage to the one whose belief is the greatest of all people; who is the most patient of all; and whose knowledge is the most of all.’ Fatimah (MGB) became happy after hearing this. Then the Prophet (MGB) decided to tell her about the best thing which God had granted Muhammad (MGB) and his Holy Household. Thus, he (MGB) added, ‘O Fatimah! Ali (MGB) has eight characteristics as follows: his belief in God and His Prophet (MGB); his knowledge; his wisdom; his wife (MGB); his two sons who are Al-Hassan (MGB) and Al-Hussein (MGB); his (MGB) enjoining other people to do good deeds; his (MGB) admonishing other people against evil; and his (MGB) judgement which is based upon God’s Book. O Fatimah! We are the Members of a Holy Household and have been given seven characteristics as follows which has never been granted to anyone in the past and will not be given to anyone in the future. Our Prophet (MGB) who is your father is the best of all the Prophets (MGB); his Trustee who is also your husband is the best of all the Trustees; our martyrs are the Master of the Martyrs (MGB) who are your father’s uncle Hamzih, and Ja’far who will have two wings with which to fly in Paradise; the sons of this nation who are your two sons are from us.’”