10. The Alms Is Divided Up Into Six Parts

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6-12 حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن محمد بن أحمد، عن علي بن إسماعيل، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عن عبد الله ابن مسكان، عن ابي ألعباس، عن زكريا بن مالك الجعفي، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه سأله عن قول الله عز وجل: "وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا غَنِمْتُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَأَنَّ لِلَّهِ خُمُسَهُ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ ."قال: أما خمس الله عز وجل فللرسول يضعه حيث يشاء، وأما خمس الرسول فلاقاربه، وخمس ذوي القربى فهم أقرباؤه، واليتامى يتامى أهل بيته، فجعل هذه الاربعة الاسهم فيهم، وأما المساكين وأبناء السبيل فقد علمت أنا لا نأكل الصدقة، ولا تحل لنا فهي للمساكين وأبناء السبيل


6-12 Muhammad ibn Ali Majiluyih - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar quoted Muhammad ibn Ahmad, on the authority of Ali ibn Isma’il, on the authority of Safvan ibn Yahya, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Miskan, on the authority of Abil Ab’bas, on the authority of Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) that Zakaryia ibn Malik al-Jo’afy, “Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) was asked about the following words of the Honorable the Exalted God, ‘And know that out of all the booty that ye may acquire (in war), a fifth share is assigned to God, and to the Apostle, and to near relatives, orphans, the needy, and the way-farer.’He (MGB) said, “The one-fifth share of the Honorable the Exalted God is for the Prophet of God. He may spend it in whatever way he pleases. The one-fifth share of the Prophet is for his intimate relatives. And the one-fifth share of the near relatives belongs to those intimate relatives of the Prophet. And the one-fifth share of the orphans belongs to the orphans of the Prophet’s Household. These four shares are especially for the Prophet’s household. And about the share of the poor, the needy and the way-farers as you know we do not accept charity. Charity is not for us. It is for the poor and the way-farer.”