Al-Khiṣāl > The Offering of a Cow Suffices For Five As Those of the Israelites whom God Ordered to Offer A Cow Were Five
Hadith #1

5-56 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن الحسين السعد آبادي، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله البرقي عن علي بن معبد عن الحسين بن خالد عن أبي الحسن عليه السلام قال: قلت له: عن كم تجزي البدنة؟ قـال: عـن نفـس واحـدة. قـلت :فالبقرة؟ قال: تجزي عن خمسة إذا كانوا يأكلون على مائدة واحدة، قلت: كيف صارت البدنة لا تجزي إلا عن واحد والبقرة تجزي عن خمسة؟ قال: لان البدنة لم يكن فيها من العلة ما كان في البقرة إن الذين أمروا قوم موسى عليه السلام بعبادة العجل كانوا خمسة أنفس وكانوا أهل بيت يأكلون على خوان واحد وهم أذينوه وأخوه مبذويه وابن أخيه وابنته وامرأته وهم الذين ذبحوا البقرة التي أمر الله عز وجل بذبحهاقال مصنف هذا الكتاب رضي الله عنه: جاء هذا الحديث هكذا فأوردته لما فيه من ذكر الخمسة والذي أفتي به في البدنة أنها تجزي عن سبعة وكذلك البقرة تجزي عن سبعة متفرقين وليست هذه الاخبار بمختلفة لان ما تجزي عن سبعة تجزي عن واحد وتجزي عن خمسة أيضا، وليس في هذا الحديث أن البدنة لا تجزي إلا عن واحد ولا فيه أن البقرة لا تجزي إلا عن خمسة

5-56 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ali ibn al-Hussein al-Sa’ed Abady quoted Ahmad ibn Aba Abdullah al-Barqy, on the authority of Ali ibn Ma’bad, on the authority of Al-Hussein ibn Khalid, “I asked Abal-Hassan Al-Kadhim (MGB), ‘For how many people does the offering of a camel suffice?’ The Imam (MGB) replied, ‘One person.’ Then I asked him (MGB), ‘What abouta cow?’ He (MGB) said, ‘Five persons if they all eat at the same table. ’ I asked, ‘Why is offering a camel enough for only one person while offering a cow is enough for five persons.’ He (MGB) replied, ‘Since there is an issue behind a cow which is not behind a camel. Those who forced the people of Moses to worship the calf were five who were from the same family and ate at the same table. Their names were Azinooh, his brother Mizooyeh, his cousin, his daughter and his wife. These people were the same ones whom the Honorable the Exalted God ordered to offer a cow which they did.’”The compiler of the book - may God be pleased with him - said, “I included this narration here since there was a mention of five in it. However, my own decree on the issue of offering is that one camel or one cow suffices for seven persons, even if they are not the members of one family. This decree is the subject of another narration and it is not contradictory with this narration. In this narration it is stated that the offering of a camel is sufficient for one person, while it is stated in another narration that it is sufficient for seven persons. What would suffice for seven persons would also suffice for one, and what would suffice for five persons would also suffice for one person.”