Al-Khiṣāl > God will try five groups of people on the Resurrection Day
Hadith #1

5-32 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن محمد بن أحمد عن علي بن إسماعيل، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن حريز، عن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال:إذا كان يوم القيامة احتج الله عز وجل على خمسة: على الطفل والذي مات بين النبيين والذي أدرك النبي وهو لا يعقل، والابله، والمجنون الذي لا يعقل، والاصم والابكم. فكل واحد منهم يحتج على الله عز وجل قال: فيبعث الله عليهم رسولا فيؤجج لهم نارا فيقول لهم: ربكم يأمركم أن تثبوا فيها، فمن وثب فيها كانت عليه بردا وسلاما، ومن عصى سيق إلى النارقال مصنف هذا الكتاب رضي الله عنه: إن قوما من أصحاب الكلام ينكرون ذلك، ويقولون: إنه لا يجوز أن يكون في دار الجزاء تكليف. ودار الجزاء للمؤمنين إنما هي الجنة، ودار الجزاء للكافرين إنما هي النار، وإنما يكون هذا التكليف من [عند] الله عز وجل [لهم] في غير الجنة والنار، فلا يكون كلفهم في دار الجزاء، ثم يصيرهم إلى الدار التي يستحقونها بطاعتهم أو معصيتهم فلا وجه لانكار ذلك، ولا قوة إلا بالله

5-32 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar quoted Muhammad ibn Ahmad, on the authority of Ali ibn Isma’il, on the authority of Hammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Hurayz, on the authority of Zurarah that Abi Ja’far al-Baqir (MGB) said, “The Honorable the Exalted God would try the following five groups of people on the Resurrection Day: children who have died; those who died during the period of time between two consecutive Prophets (and were not given an ultimatum); those who lived at the time of the Prophet (MGB), but did not have enough intellect (to recognize his religious duties); the deaf; the dumb; and the insane ones. Each of these will ask the Honorable the Exalted God for a Proof on the Resurrection Day. God will then appoint a Prophet for them who shall light a fire and tell them, ‘God has ordered you to go through the fire.’ The fire will cool down for anyone who goes through it and he will come out of it healthy. However, those who rebel would go to Hell.”The compiler of the book - may God be pleased with him - said, “Some of the learned men deny this tradition and say, ‘There shall be no duties and trials imposed on the Resurrection Day in the final abode.’ However, the final abode for the believers is Paradise and that of unbelievers is Hell. However, the trials of these people by the Honorable the Exalted God mentioned above is neither in Paradise nor Hell. Thus, God will not charge them to perform some acts in their final abode. Rather God tries them to see whether they obey Him or disobey Him. Therefore, there is no basis to deny the above tradition. There is no power but in God.