22. There Are Five Takbirs In the Prayer Over the Dead

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5-26 حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد ابن الحسن الصفار، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن علي بن الحكم، عن عمر بن عبدالملك الحضرمي، عن أبي بكر الحضرمي، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال لي: يا أبا بكر أتدري كم الصلاة على الميت؟ قلت: لا، قال: خمس تكبيرات، أفتدري من أين أخذت الخمس قلت: لا، قال: أخذت الخمس من خمس صلوات من كل واحدة تكبيرة


5-26 Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Ali ibn al-Hikam, on the authority of Umar ibn Abdul-Malik al-Hazrami, on the authority of Abu Bakr al-Hazrami, “Abi Ja’far al-Baqir (MGB) asked me, ‘O Abu Bakr! Do you know how the prayer over the dead is?’ I answered, ‘No.’ The Imam (MGB) said, ‘There are five Takbirs (saying God is Great) in the prayer over the dead. Do you know why there are five?’ I said, ‘No.’ The Imam (MGB) said, ‘The five has been derived from the five daily prayers - one Takbir from each.’”




5-27 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، وأحمد بن أبي عبد الله جميعا، عن الحسن بن علي بن فضال، عن يونس بن يعقوب، عن سفيان بن السمط، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إن آدم عليه السلام اشتكى فاشتهى فاكهة، فانطلق هبة الله يطلب له فاكهة، فاستقبله جبرئيل فقال له: أين تذهب يا هبة الله؟ فقال: إن آدم يشتكي وإنه اشتهى فاكهة، قال له: فارجع فإن الله عز وجل قد قبض روحه، قال: فرجع فوجده قد قبضه الله، فغسلته الملائكة، ثم وضع وأمر هبة الله أن يتقدم ويصلي عليه، فتقدم وصلى عليه والملائكة خلفه وأوحى الله عز وجل إليه أن يكبر عليه خمسا وأن يسله، وأن يسوي قبره، ثم قال: هكذا فاصنعوا بموتاكم


5-27 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’ed ibn Abdullah quoted Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa and Ahmad ibn Aba Abdullah, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Faz’zal, on the authority of Yunus ibn Yaqoob, on the authority of Sufyan ibn al-Samt that Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) said, “When Adam (MGB) became ill, he asked for some fruit. His son Seth entitled Habbatullah went to find some fruit for him. Then Gabriel (MGB) went to him and asked, ‘Where are you going?’ Seth replied, ‘Adam is ill and wants some fruit.’ Gabriel told him, ‘Return home since the Honorable the Exalted God already took his life.’ Seth returned and saw that the Honorable the Exalted God had taken away his father’s life. The angels performed the ritual ablutions (wuzu) for the deceased, and placed his corpse near Seth. Seth was ordered to stand in the front and pray over the corpse. He stood in front and the angels stood behind him and prayed for Adam (MGB). The Honorable the Exalted God revealed upon Seth to say five Takbirs (God is Great) for him, dictate to him (Talqin), put him (MGB) in the grave and even out the grave with the soil. Then God said, ‘Always treat your dead ones this way.’”