2. The Five Things God Ordered One of His Prophets to Do

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5-2 حدثنا أبوالفضل تميم بن عبد الله بن تميم القرشي الحيري قال: أخبرنا أبوعلي أحمد بن علي الانصاري بنيسابور قال: حدثني أبي قال: حدثنا أبوالصلت عبدالسلام بن صالح الهروي قال: سمعت علي بن موسى الرضا عليهما السلام يقول: أوحى الله عز وجل إلى نبي من أنبيائه: إذا أصبحت فأول شيء يستقبلك فكله، والثاني فاكتمه، والثالث فاقبله، والرابع فلا تؤيسه، والخامس فاه رب منه، قال: فلما أصبح مضى فاستقبله جبل أسود عظيم فوقف فقال: أمرني ربي عز وجل: أن آكل هذا وبقي متحيرا، ثم رجع إلى نفسه فقال: إن ربي جل جلاله لا يأمرني إلا بما اطيق، فمشى إليه ليأكله فلما دنى منه صغر حتى انتهى إليه فوجده لقمة فأكلها فوجدها أطيب شيء أكله، ثم مضى فوجد طستا من ذهب فقال: أمرنيربي عز وجل أن أكتم هذا، فحفرله وجعله فيه وألقى عليه التراب، ثم مضى فالتفت فإذا الطست قد ظهر، فقال: قد فعلت ما أمرني ربي عز وجل، فمضى فإذا هو بطير وخلفه بازي فطاف الطير حوله، فقال: أمرني ربي عز وجل أن أقبل هذا، ففتح كمه فدخل الطير فيه، فقال له البازي: أخذت مني صيدي، وأنا خلفه منذ أيام، فقال: أمرني ربي عز وجل أن لا أويس هذا فقطع من فخذه قطعة فألقاها إليه، ثم مضى [فلما مضى] فإذا هو بلحم ميتة منتن مدود فقال: أمرني ربي عز وجل أن أهرب من هذا، فهرب منه ورجع، فرأى في المنام كأنه قد قيل له: إنك فعلت ما امرت به فهل تدري ماذا كان؟ قال: لا، قيل له: أما الجبل فهو الغضب إن العبد إذا غضب لم ير نفسه وجهل قدره من عظم الغضب فإذا حفظ نفسه وعرف قدره وسكن غضبه كانت عاقبته كاللقمة الطيبة التي أكلتها، وأما الطست فهو العمل الصالح إذا كتمه العبد وأخفاه أبى الله عز وجل إلا أن يظهره ليزينه به مع ما يدخر له من ثواب الآخرة، وأما الطير فهو الرجل الذي يأتيك بنصيحة فاقبله واقبل نصيحته، وأما البازي فهو الرجل الذي يأتيك في حاجة فلا تؤيسه، وأما اللحم المنتن فهي الغيبة فاهرب منها


5-2 Abul Fazl Tamim ibn Abdullah ibn Tamim al-Qurashi al-Hayri narrated that Abu Ali Ahmad ibn Ali al-Ansari in Neishaboor quoted his father, on the authority of Abul Salt Abdul Salam ibn Salih al-Haravy, that he had heard Ali ibn Musa al-Reza (MGB) say, “The Honorable the Exalted God revealed the following to one of His Prophets: When you leave the house in the morning, eat the first thing that you encounter, hide the second thing, accept the third thing, do not disappoint the fourth and escape from the fifth. When he first left the house in the morning, he encountered a big black mountain. He said to himself that God -may His Majesty be Exalted- had ordered him to eat it, and he wondered how to do it. Then he thought that God would not order him to do what was beyond his power. So he moved towards the mountain. The closer he got to the mountain, the smallerit became. When he finally reached it, it had turned into a small bite to eat. He ate it, and it was really delicious. He continued to go on until he reached a golden pan. He said to himself that the Honorable the Exalted God had ordered him to hide it. He dug a ditch, threw the golden pan in the ditch, covered it up with dirt, and started to go on his way again. However, then he noticed that the pan was visible out of the surface of the ground. He said to himself that he had done what the Honorable the Exalted God had ordered him to do and continued to go on. Then he suddenly saw a bird being pursued by a falcon trying to hunt it. The falcon was flying around the bird. The Prophet (MGB) remembered that God had ordered him to accept this one. He opened his sleeve, and the bird entered it. The falcon told the Prophet (MGB), ‘You have caught the prey that I was after for a few days.’ Then he remembered that the Honorable the Exalted God had ordered him not to disappoint this one. Then he cut a piece of the bird’s leg and threw it to the falcon. He continued to go on, and saw a piece of rotten meat. He remembered that the Honorable the Exalted God had ordered him to escape from this one, and he escaped from it. When he returned home and went to sleep, he had a dream. He was told, ‘You performed your mission, and did whatever you were instructed to do. Do you know what the philosophy behind all these issues is?’ He said, ‘No.’ He was told, ‘That mountain was anger. Whenever one gets angry, he doesn’t see himself and doesn’t realize his situation. If he restrains himself, recognizes his position and quenches his anger, the end is like a delicious bite which he eats. The golden pan is indeed man’s good deeds which are better to hide, but God will make them apparent so that he is adorned by them, and he receives the reward in the Hereafter. However, the bird is like a man who advises you, and you should accept his advice. The falcon is like a man who comes to you and asks you to fulfill his needs. You should not disappoint him. The rotten meat is like gossip which you should avoid.’”