214. People Are Divided into Three Groups When Considering Fate

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3-272 حدثنا أحمد بن هارون الفامي، وجعفر بن محمد بن مسرور رضي الله عنهما قالا: حدثنا محمد بن جعفر بن بطة قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، ومحمد بن علي ابن محبوب، ومحمد بن الحسن بن عبدالعزيز، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسين ابن سعيد، عن حماد بن عيسي الجهني، عن حريز بن عبد الله، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: الناس في القدر على ثلاثة أوجه رجل يزعم أن الله عز وجل أجبر الناس على المعاصي فهذا قد ظلم الله عز وجل في حكمه فهو كافر، ورجل يزعم أن الامر مفوض إليهم فهذا [قد] وهن الله في سلطانه فهو كافر، ورجل يقول: إن الله عز وجل كلف العباد ما يطيقون ولم يكلفهم ما لا يطيقون، فاذا أحسن حمد الله، وإذا أساء استغفر الله، فهذا مسلم بالغ، والله الموفق


3-272 Ahmad ibn Harun al-Fami and Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Masroor - may God be pleased with them - narrated that Muhammad ibn Ja’far ibn Bat’tat quoted Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Saf’far, Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Mahboob, and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Abdul-Aziz, on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Al-Hussein ibn Sa’id, on the authority of Hammad ibn Isa al-Jahani, on the authority of Hurayz ibn Abdullah, on the authority of Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB), “The people can be classified into three groups regarding the issue of fate. There are those who think that the Exalted the Honorable God has forced the people to commit sins. Such people have wronged the Exalted the Honorable God with their decree. They are atheists. There are others who think that running all the affairs has been turned over to them. Such people have undermined God’s Kingdom. Thus, they are atheists. There are also those who say, ‘The Honorable the Exalted God has placed such a burden upon His servants that they can bear. God has not overburdened the people to such an extent which they cannot stand. Once they do good, they praise God. And once they do bad, they seek God’s forgiveness.’ Such people are true Muslims. It is God who grants success.


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Shaykh Hadi al-Najafi: صحيحة الإسناد - Mawsu'at Ahadith Ahlulbayt (9/81)