Al-Khiṣāl > Menstruation is Ten Days Maximum and Three Minimum
Hadith #1

26-13 وأكثر أيام الحيض عشرة أيام وأقلها ثلاثة أيام، والمستحاضة تغتسل وتحتشي وتصليوالحائض تترك الصلاة ولا تقضيها وتترك الصوم وتقضيهوصيام شهر رمضان فريضة يصام لرؤيته ويفطر لرؤيتهولا يصلى التطوع في جماعة لان ذلك بدعة وكل بدعة ضلالة وكل ضلالة في الناروصوم ثلاثة إيام في كل شهر سنة وهو صوم خميسين بينهما أربعاء، الخميس الاول في العشر الاول والاربعاء من العشر الاوسط والخميس من العشـر الاخيـر،وصوم شعبان حسن لمن صامه لان الصالحين قد صاموه أو رغبوا فيه، وكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يصل شعبان بشهر رمضانوالفائت من شهر رمضان إن قضى متفرقا جاز وإن قضى متتابعا فهو أفضلوحج البيت واجب لمن استطاع إليه سبيلا، وهو الزاد والراحلة مع صحة البدن، وأن يكون للانسان ما يخلفه على عياله وما يرجع إليه بعد حجةولا يجوز الحج إلا تمتعا، ولا يجوز القران والافراد إلا لمن كان أهله حاضري المسجد الحرامولا يجوز الاحرام قبل بلوغ الميقات، ولا يجوز تأخيره عن الميقات إلا لمرض أو تقيةوقد قال الله عز وجل: "وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ للهِ." وتمامها اجتناب الرفث والفسوق والجدال في الحجولا يجزي في النسك الخصي لانه ناقص، ويجوز الموجوء إذا لم يوجد غيرهوفرائض الحج: الاحرام والتلبية الاربع وهي "لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ، لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ ."والطواف بالبيت للعمرة فريضة، وركعتاه عند مقام إبراهيم عليه السلام فريضة، والسعي بين الصفا والمروة فريضة، وطواف الحج فريضة، وركعتاه عند المقام فريضة، وبعده السعي بين الصفا والمروة فريضة، وطواف النساء فريضة، وركعتاه عند المقام فريضة، ولا يسعى بعده بين الصفا والمروة، والوقوف بالمشعر فريضة، والهدي للمتمتع فريضةفأما الوقوف بعرفة فهو واجبة، والحلق سنة، ورمي الجمار سنةوالجهاد واجب مع إمام عادل، ومن قتل دون ماله فهو شهيد، ولا يحل قتل أحد من الكفار والنصاب في دار التقية إلا قاتل أو ساعي في فساد، وذلك إذا لم تخف على نفسك ولا على أصحابك. واستعمال التقية في دار التقية واجب، ولا حنث، ولا كفارة على من حلف تقية يدفع بذلك ظلما عن نفسهوالطلاق للسنة على ما ذكره الله عز وجل في كتابه وسنة نبيه صلى الله عليه وآله ولا يجوز طلاق لغير السنة، وكل طلاق يخالف الكتاب فليس بطلاق كما أن كل نكاح يخالف الكتاب فليس بنكاح، ولا يجمع بين أكثر من أربع حرائر، وإذا طلقت المرأة للعدة ثلاث مرات لم تحل للزوج حتى تنكح زوجا غيره، وقد قال عليه السلام: "اتقوا تزويج المطلقات ثلاثا في موضع واحد، فانهن ذوات أزواج ".والصلاة على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله واجبة في كل المواطن وعند العطاس والرياح وغير ذلكوحب أولياء الله والولاية لهم واجبة، والبراءة من أعدائهم واجبة ومن الذين ظلموا آل محمد عليهم السلام وهتكوا حجابه فأخذوا من فاطمة عليها السلام فدك، ومنعوها ميراثها وغصبوها وزوجها حقوقهما، وهموا باحراق بيتها، وأسسوا الظلم وغيروا سنة رسول الله،والبراءة من الناكثين والقاسطين والمارقين واجبةوالبراءة من الانصاب والازلام: أئمة الضلال وقادة الجور كلهم أولهم وآخرهم واجبةوالبراءة من أشقى الاولين والآخرين شقيق عاقر ناقة ثمود قاتل أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام واجبة، والبراءة من جميع قتلة أهل البيت عليهم السلام واجبةوالولاية للمؤمنين الذين لم يغيروا ولم يبدلوا بعد نبيهم صلى الله عليه وآله واجبة مثل سلمان الفارسي، وأبي ذر الغفاري والمقداد بن الاسود الكندي، وعمار بن ياسر، وجابر بن عبد الله الانصاري، وحذيفة بن اليمان، وأبي الهيثم بن التيهان، وسهل بن حنيف، وأبي أيوب الانصاري وعبد الله ابن الصامت، وعبادة بن الصامت، وخزيمة بن ثابت ذي الشهادتين، وأبي سعيد الخدري، ومن نحانحوهم، وفعل مثل فعلهم، والولاية لاتباعهم والمقتدين بهم وبهداهم واجبة

26-13 A woman’s menstruating days is a maximum of ten days and a minimum of three days. A semi-menstruating woman should use cotton pads and perform the ritual bathing before she performs any prayers. The menstruating woman quits saying her prayers, and doesn’t have to make up the prayers that she misses during her period of menstruation. She quits fasting, however, she should make up for the days of fasting that she misses.Fasting should be observed during the (Arabic) month of Ramazan only when the new moon is seen, and should be stopped when the new moon (of the next month) is seen. It is invalid to offer the recommendable prayers in congregations as this would be an innovation (in religion). All innovations in religion result in our loss and we end up in the Fire. It is a recommendable tradition to fast during three days of every month: two Thursdays with a Wednesday in between. The first Thursday would be during the first ten days. The Wednesday would be during the middle ten days, and the nextThursday would be during the last ten days of the month. It is recommendable for anyone who can fast, to fast during the (Arabic) month of Sha’ban because good people fast or wish to fast during that month. God’s Prophet (MGB) fasted during the two months of Sha’ban and Ramazan. It is acceptable to make up the missed days of fasting of Ramazan in different days, but it would be better if you could make them up successively. The performance of the Hajj pilgrimage to the Ka’ba is obligatory upon everyone who has the ability to do so. This ability applies to the provisions for the expenses for the trip (to Mecca), the means to take the trip (riding on an animal, by vehicle, or by airplane), healthiness, maintenance to be left for one’s household and the provisions for returning from Mecca to one’s homeland.Any form of Hajj except for that of Tamatu Hajj is not allowed (except for the people of Mecca and those present there.) It is also not allowed to opt for Hajj Ifra’ad or Hajj Al-Kiran except for the people who live around the Al-Haram Mosque. Entering the state of ritual consecration (or wearing Ihram ) is not allowed before reaching the miqat. It is also not allowed to put off entering the state of ritual consecration after reaching the miqat unless it be due to illness or concealing faith . The Sublime God says, “And complete the Hajj or Umra in the service of God…” What is meant by ‘complete the Hajj’ in this verse is not sleeping with one’s spouse, not telling lies and not fighting. It is not allowed to offer a castrate sheep for sacrifice because it is imperfect. It is permissible to offer for sacrifice a sheep with damaged testicles only if you cannot get any others. The following are the obligatory acts during the Hajj pilgrimage: the state of ritual consecration (Ihram), Talbih that is saying: (Here I am, O Allah, at Thy service. Here I am, Thou art without partner, here I am. All Praise and blessings are thine, and Dominion! Thou art without partner!)’And circumambulating around the Ka’ba during the Umra (supererogatory) pilgrimage is obligatory. And saying two units of prayer at the Station of Abraham is obligatory. Walking between Safa and Marva is obligatory. Circumambulation of the Hajj is obligatory. Saying two units of prayers at the Station is obligatory. Then walking between Safa and Marva is obligatory. The Al-Nisa Circumambulation is obligatory. Saying two units of prayers at the Station is obligatory. There is no more walking between Safa and Marva. Stopping at the Mash’ar (Sacred Monument) is obligatory. Offering for sacrifice is obligatory for anyone who goes on the Tamatu Hajj. Staying in Arafat is obligatory. And cutting the hair is a tradition. Stoning at the Devil (Jamrah) is a tradition.”Jihad (the Holy War) is obligatory only under the leadership of a just leader. Whoever gets killed for defending his wealth is considered to be a martyr. It is not allowed to kill any atheists or imposters during their concealment of the faith, except for murderers or aggressors who cause corruption; and only when you have no fear for the safety of yourself and your companions guaranteed from the aftermath. The concealment of faith is obligatory when needed. There is no expiation for telling lies in order to fend off oppression from oneself as a part of concealment of faith.Divorce is valid only when it is implemented according to Islamic laws that the Honorable the Exalted God mentioned in His Book, or according to the tradition of the Prophet (MGB). Any other form of divorce is invalid, including the forms that oppose the Book. Similarly, any form of marriage that opposes the Book is invalid. It is not allowed for a man to marry more than four free women at the same time. You cannot re-marry your wife if you divorce her thrice, until after she marries someone else. Moreover, the Prophet (MGB) said, ‘Stay away from women who were divorced three times at once, for they are still married women.’It is obligatory to send blessings upon the Prophet (MGB) in every situation, including when one sneezes, the blowing of the wind, and so on.It is obligatory to cherish the friends of the Sublime God and to hate and disavow their enemies who oppressed the members of the Household of Muhammad (MGB), tore their curtain of respect; took the tract of land called Fadak away from Fatimah (MGB); withheld her inheritance from her; usurped her right and her husband’s right by force; tried to put her house on fire; established oppression; and changed the traditions of the Prophet of God (MGB). It is obligatory to hate the perfidious party, the deviators, and the apostates .It is obligatory to hate those guilty of perjury in Jamal, oppressors in the Battle of Siffin, and those who abandoned the religion in Nahravan. It is obligatory to hate the murderers - from the first to the last. It is obligatory to hate those who mistreated the she-camel send to the Thamud clan. It is obligatory to hate the murderer of the Commander of the Faithful (MGB).It is obligatory to hate all those who murdered the members of the Household of the Holy Prophet (MGB). It is obligatory to love those believers who did not turn away from the religion after the demise of the Prophet (MGB) such as: Salman Farsi; Abuzar Qaffari; Miqdad ibn al-Aswad al-Kindi; Ammar ibn Yaser; Jabir ibn Abdullah Ansari; Haziqat ibn al-Yaman; Abil Haysam ibn Tayhan; Sahl ibn Hanif; Abi Ayoob Al-Ansari; Abdullah ibn Samet; Ebadat ibn Samet; Khuzayma ibn Sabit Zul-Shuhadatayn; Abi Sa’id al-Khidry; and others who followed their way and acted as they did. It is obligatory to love those who used them as their models and followed them.



Hadith #2

26-14 وبر الوالدين واجب، فان كانا مشركين فلا تطعهما ولا غيرهما في المعصية، فانه لا طاعة لمخلوق في معصية الخالقوالانبياء والاوصياء لا ذنوب لهم لانهم معصومون مطهرونوتحليل المتعتين واجب كما أنزلهما الله عز وجل في كتابه وسنهما رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: متعة الحج ومتعة النساءوالفرائض على ما أنزل الله تبارك وتعالى. والعقيقة للولد الذكر والانثى يوم السابع، ويسمى الولد يوم السابع، ويحلق رأسه ويصدق بوزنه شعره ذهبا أو فضة. والله عز وجل لا يكلف نفسا إلا وسعها ولا يكلفها فوق طاقتهاوأفعال العباد مخلوقة خلق تقدير، لا خلق تكوين، والله خالق كل شيء، ولا يقول بالجبر ولا بالتفويض ولا يأخذ الله عز وجل البرئ بالسقيم، ولا يعذب الله عز وجل الاطفال بذنوب الآباء، فانه قال في محكم كتابه: "وَلاَ تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى ."وقال عز وجل: "وَأَنْ لَيْسَ لِلإِنْسَانِ إِلاَّ مَا سَعَى. وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَى ."ولله عز وجل أن يعفو ويتفضل، وليس له عز وجل أن يظلم، ولا يفرض الله عز وجل على عباده طاعة من يعلم أنه يغويهم ويضلهم، ولا يختار لرسالته ولا يصطفى من عباده من يعلم أنه يكفر به ويعبد الشيطان دونه، ولا يتخذ على خلقه حجة إلا معصوماوالاسلام غير الايمان، وكل مؤمن مسلم، وليس كل مسلم مؤمن، ولا يسرق السارق حين يسرق وهو مؤمن، ولا يزنى الزاني حين يزني وهو مؤمن، وأصحاب الحدود مسلمون لا مؤمنون ولا كافرونفإن الله تبارك وتعالى لا يدخل النار مؤمنا وقد وعده الجنة، ولا يخرج من النار كافرا وقد أوعده النار والخلود فيها، ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاءوأصحاب الحدود فساق لا مؤمنون ولا كافرون ولا يخلدون في النار، ويخرجون منها يوماوالشفاعة جائزة لهم وللمستضعفين إذا ارتضى الله عزو جل دينهموالقرآن كلام الله ليس بخالق ولا مخلوقوالدار اليوم دار تقية وهي دار إسلام لا دار كفر ولا دار إيمانوالامر بالمعروف والنهي عن المنكر واجبان على من أمكنه ولم يخف على نفسه ولا على أصحابهوالايمان هو أداء الفرائض واجتناب الكبائر. والايمان هو معرفة بالقلب وإقرار باللسان وعمل بالاركان والاقرار بعذاب القبر ومنكر ونكير والبعث بعد الموت والحساب والصراط والميزان. ولا إيمان بالله إلا بالبراءة من أعداء الله عز وجلوالتكبير في العيدين واجب؛ أما في الفطر ففي خمس صلوات يبتدأ به من صلاة المغرب ليلة الفطر إلى صلاة العصر من يوم الفطر، وهو أن يقال: "الله أكبر الله أكبر، لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر، ولله الحمد، الله أكبر على ما هدانا، والحمد لله على ما أبلانا." لقوله عز وجل: "وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ ."وفي الاضحى بالامصار في دبر عشر صلوات يبتدأ به من صلاة الظهر يوم النحر إلى صلاة الغداة يوم الثالث، وبمنى في دبر خمس عشرة صلاة يبتدأ به من صلاة الظهر يوم النحر إلى صلاة الغداة يوم الرابعويزاد في هذا التكبير "وَاللهُ أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَنَا مِنْ بَهِيمَةِ الأَنْعَامِ ."والنفساء لا تقعد أكثر من عشرين يوما إلا أن تطهر قبل ذلك، وإن لم تطهر بعد العشرين اغتسلت واحتشت وعملت عمل المستحاضةوالشراب فكل ما أسكر كثيره فقليله وكثيره حراموكل ذي ناب من السباع وذي مخلب من الطير فأكله حرام، والطحال حرام لانه دم، والجري والمار ماهي والطافي والزمير حرام، وكل سمك لا يكون له فلوس فأكله حرام ويؤكل من البيض ما اختلف طرفاه ولا يؤكل ما استوى طرفاه، ويؤكل من الجراد ما استقل بالطيران ولا يؤكل منه الدبى لانه لا يستقل بالطيران وذكاة السمك والجراد أخذه

26-14 Doing good to one’s parents is obligatory. However, if they are polytheists, do not obey either of them nor anyone else regarding sins, because there is no necessity to obey people by disobeying the Creator! The Prophets and their Trustees never commit any sins, since they are sinless and innocent.The two temporary issues which the Prophet established are both legitimate since the Honorable the Exalted God revealed them in His Book and God’s Prophet practiced them. They are the temporary Hajj or Mutat al-Hajj and the temporary marriage with women that is Mutat al-Nisa. The inheritance laws are as ordained by the Blessed the Sublime God. Boys and girls should be shaved when they are seven days old. On the seventh day after their birth, they should be named, their head should be shaved and alms in the form of silver or gold equal in weight to their hair should be given as charity. The Honorable the Exalted God doesn’t place a burden on anyone more than he/she can bear.God has measured the servants (people’s) voluntary acts but he has not established them. God is the creator of everything. There is neither authorization, nor predestination. (Rather there is something in between.) The Honorable the Exalted God would not call to account an innocent person for the deeds of a sinful person. The Honorable the Exalted God would not punish a child for the crimes committed by his father as He has said in His strong Book, ‘…no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another…’The Honorable the Exalted God has also said, ‘That man can have nothing but what he strives for; That (the fruit of) his striving will soon come in sight:’The Honorable the Exalted God forgives and grant favors. The Honorable the Exalted God would not oppress. The Honorable the Exalted God has not demanded His servants to obey an oppressor whom God knows would fool and oppress you. God would not chose as a Messenger or appoint as a Prophet one whom He knows to be an unbeliever and has chosen the servitude of Satan instead of God’s servitude. God would not establish anyone as His Proof unless he is innocent and immaculate.Being Muslim is different from being Mu’min. All believers are Muslims, but all Muslims are not believers. A thief is not a believer while he is stealing. An adulterer is not a believer while he is committing adultery. Those who receive Divinely ordained punishments (are punished by religious decrees) are Muslims, but they are neither believers nor unbelievers.The Blessed the Sublime God has promised Heaven to the believers. God would not take them to Hell. God would never take unbelievers out of Hell, since He has promised to take them to Hell. God would forgive any sins other than unbelief for anyone He wishes.Those who are subjected to the Divinely ordained chastisements are neither believers, nor unbelievers. They will not stay in Hell forever. One day they will be taken out of Hell. They can benefit from intercession on their behalf. So can the oppressed people if the Honorable the Exalted God is pleased with their religion. The Quran is God’s sayings; it is neither the Creator nor the created. Today Muslim countries are considered to be Darotaqieh (that is where one must conceal his faith). They are Daroislam (home of Islam). They are neither Darolkofr (home of unbelief) nor are they Daroliman (home of faith).Enjoining good and admonishing against evil is obligatory upon whoever has the means to do so.Faith consists of performing the obligatory deeds and abstaining from the major sins. “Faith consists of whole-hearted acceptance, verbal expression, and acting accordingly. It also consists of belief in and testifying to the torture of the grave, Munkar and Nakir , Resurrection after death, the Reckoning, the Bridge , and the Balance (of Deeds). You cannot have faith unless you hate the enemies of the Honorable the Exalted God.It is obligatory to say the Takbir prior to the start of the prayers on the prayers of the two Eids. It should be said after the five prayers which begin with the night prayer of the evening of Eid ul-Azha and end with the afternoon prayer of the Eid ul-Azha. It consists of saying, “God is Great, God is Great, God is Great. There is no god but God, God is Great, God is Great, and to Him goes all gratitude and thanks.’ This is done since God has guided us since the Honorable the Exalted God said, ‘(He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.’It is obligatory to say the Takbir after the prayers on the prayers of the Eid ul-Azha. On Eid ul-Azha, in towns away from Mecca, it should be said after ten prayers which begin with the prayer before the Eid day and end with the morning prayer of the third day, while in Mina it should be said after fifteen prayers which begin with the noon prayer of the Eid day and end with the morning prayer of the fourth day . Moreover, the following should be added to the Takbir of Eid ul-Azha prayers, ‘Allah is the Greater for what He has given us from the cattle,’ at Mina.Women should not rest in childbed for more than twenty days. They may even get purified earlier than that. If you do not become purified by then you must perform the major ritual ablutions (ghusl) and act as menstruating women do.Drinking wine and anything which makes you drunk is forbidden - whether it be a little or a lot.It is forbidden to eat the meat of any beast that has a canine tooth or any bird that has claws. It is forbidden to eat the spleen since there is blood in it. It is also forbidden to eat all floating (dead) fish, eels, sheatfish , and scaleless fish. It is allowed to eat eggs whose tips are not the same, but it is forbidden to eat eggs whose tips are the same. It is allowed to eat any locusts which can fly. However, it is forbidden to eat any sea locusts which cannot fly. For fish and locust to be allowed for eating they must be caught alive.



Hadith #3

26-15 والكبائر محرمة وهي الشرك بالله عز وجل، وقتل النفس التي حرم الله، وعقوق الوالدين، والفرار من الزحف، وأكل مال اليتيم ظلما، وأكل الربا بعد البينة، وقذف المحصنات وبعد ذلك الزنا واللواط والسرقة، وأكل الميتة والدم ولحم الخنزير وما أهل لغير الله به من غير ضرورة، وأكل السحت، والبخس من المكيال والميزان، والميسر، وشهادة الزور، واليأس من روح الله، والامن من مكر الله، والقنوط من رحمة الله، وترك معاونة المظلومين والركون إلى الظالمين، واليمين الغموس وحبس الحقوق من غير عسر، واستعمال الكبر والتجبر والكذب والاسراف والتبذير، والخيانة، والاستخاف بالحج، والمحاربة لاولياء الله عزو جل، والملاهي التى تصد عن ذكر الله تبارك وتعالى مكروهة كالغناء وضرب الاوتار، والاصرار على صغائر الذنوب ثم قال عليه السلام: إن في هذا لبلاغا لقوم عابدين قال مصنف هذا الكتاب رضي الله عنه: الكبائر هي سبع وبعدها فكل ذنب كبير بالاضافة إلى ما هو أصغر منه، وصغير بالاضافة إلى ما هو أكبر منه. وهذا معنى ما ذكره الصادق عليه السلام في هذا الحديث من ذكر الكبائر الزائدة على السبع ولا قوة إلا بالله

26-15 “And the major sins are as follows: associating partners with the Honorable the Exalted God; murdering someone which is prohibited by the Honorable the Exalted God; disrespecting parents’ rights; fleeing from holy war; oppressively devouring an orphan’s property; taking usury after knowing its unlawfulness; unduly ascribing adultery to chaste women; committing adultery; sodomizing; stealing; eating flesh of dead animals; drinking blood; eating pork; eating what has been offered for anyone other than God; eating ill-gotten property; selling underweight goods; gambling; falsely testifying; losing hope in God’s Forgiveness; feeling secure from God’s Plots; abandoning helping of the oppressed; relying on oppressors; false swearing; blocking (people’s due) rights; Haughtiness; oppressing one’s inferiors; telling lies; wastefulness; overspending; treachery; underestimating the Hajj pilgrimage; fighting with the friends of the Honorable the Exalted God. Moreover engaging in whatever would keep one far from God’s remembrance such as singing or playing musical instruments and persisting in doing minor sins is admonished against.” Then As-Sadiq (MGB) added, “This is sufficient for the servants who are obedient.” The compiler of the book added, “There are seven absolutely major sins. However, the sins mentioned thereafter are more major than minor sins, and are less severe than the major sins. This is what As-Sadiq (MGB) intended to say by naming more than seven major sins here. There is no power save in God.”