12. There Are Twelve Months

Back to book

12-63 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله البرقي، عن أبيه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن الصباح بن سيابة، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: إن الله عز وجل خلق الشهور اثني عشر شهرا وهي ثلاثمائة وستون يوما، فحجر منها ستة أيام خلق فيها السماوات والارضين، فمن ثم تقاصرت الشهور


12-63 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’ed ibn Abdullah quoted Ahmad ibn Aba Abdullah al-Barqy, on the authority of his father, on the authority of Hammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Al-Sabah ibn Siabat that Abi Ja’far al-Baqir (MGB) said, “The Honorable the Exalted God created the twelve months which are three-hundred and sixty days. However, the six days during which the heavens and the two Earths were created were subtracted. Therefore, some (lunar) months are less than thirty days.”




12-64 حدثنا الحسن بن عبد الله بن سعيد العسكري قال: حدثنا أبو القاسم عبد الله بن محمد بن عبد الكريم ابن أخي أبي زرعة قال: حدثنا ابن عون قال: حدثنـيمكي بن إبراهيم البلخي قال: حدثنا موسى بن عبيدة، عن صدقة بن يسار، عن عبد الله بن عمر قال: نزلت هذه السورة "إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللهِ وَالْفَتْحُ" على رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله في أوسط أيام التشريق فعرف أنه الوداع، فركب راحلته العضباء فحمد الله وأثنى عليه، ثم قال: يا أيها الناس، كل دم كان في الجاهلية فهو هدر، وأول دم هدر دم الحارث بن ربيعة بن الحارث كان مسترضعا في هذيل فقتله بنو الليث أو قال: كان مسترضعا في بني ليث فقتله هذيل وكل ربا كان في الجاهلية فموضوع، وأول ربا وضع ربا العباس بن عبد المطلبأيها الناس، إن الزمان قد استدار فهو اليوم كهيئة يوم خلق السماوات والارضين، وإن عدة الشهور عند الله اثنا عشر شهرا في كتاب الله يوم خلق الله السماوات والارض، منها أربعة حرم، رجب مضر الذي بين جمادى وشعبان وذو القعدة وذو الحجة والمحرم فلا تظلموا فيهن أنفسكم، فإن النسيء زيادة في الكفر يضل به الذين كفروا يحلونه عاما ويحرمونه عاما ليواطئوا عدة ما حرم الله. وكانوا يحرمون المحرم عاما ويستحلون صفر، ويحرمون صفر عاما ويستحلون المحرمأيها الناس، إن الشيطان قد يئس أن يعبد في بلادكم آخر الابد، ورضي منكم بمحقرات الاعمالأيها الناس من كانت عنده وديعة فليؤدها إلى من ائتمنه عليها، أيها الناس إن النساء عندكم عوان لا يملكن لانفسهن ضرا ولانفعا، أخذتموهن بأمانة الله، واستحللتم فروجهن بكلمات الله، فلكم عليهن حق ولهن عليكم حق، ومن حقكم عليهن أن لا يوطئن فرشكم، ولا يعصينكم في معروف، فإذا فعلن ذلك فلهن رزقهن وكسوتهن بالمعروف، ولا تضربوهنأيها الناس إني قد تركت فيكم ما إن أخذتم به لن تضلوا كتاب الله عز وجل فاعتصموا بهيا أيها الناس أي يوم هذا؟ قالوا: يوم حرام. ثم قال: يا أيها الناس، فأي شهر هذا؟ قالوا: شهر حرام. قال: أيها الناس، أي بلد هذا؟ قالوا: بلد حرام. قال: فإن الله عز وجل حرم عليكم دماءكم وأموالكم وأعراضكم كحرمة يومكم هذا في شهركم هذا في بلدكم هذا إلى يوم تلقونه، ألا فليبلغ شاهدكم غائبكم لابني بعدي ولا امة بعدكم، ثم رفع يديه حتى أنه ليرى بياض إبطيه، ثم قال: اللهم اشهد أنى قد بلغت


12-64 Al-Hassan ibn Abdullah ibn Sa’id al-Askari narrated that Abul-Qasim Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Abdul-Karim ibn Akhi Abi Zar’at quoted ibn Oan, on the authority of Makki ibn Ibrahim al-Balkhi, on the authorityof Musa ibn Ubaydat, on the authority of Sadaqaht ibn Yasar, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar, “The following Chapter of the Holy Quran was revealed to the Prophet (MGB) during the days of al-Tashriq. , ‘When comes the Help of Allah, and Victory,…’ Then he (MGB) realized that this would be his last pilgrimage. He (MGB) rode his camel, praised God and supplicated to Him and said, “O people! All the bloodshed at the Age of Ignorance has been wasted. The first blood that was wasted was that of al-Harith ibn Rabi’a ibn al-Harith. He had gone to seek a wet nurse amongst the Huzayl clan and someone from the Lays clan killed him (or amongst the Lays clan and someone from the Huzayl clan killed him). All the usury from the Age of Ignorance is voided. The first usury that is voided is the usury of Ab’bas ibn Abdul Mutalib.O people! The times have changed and today it is as if it is the day on which the heavens and the two Earths were created. In fact, the number of months for God is twelve and is recorded in God’s Book the day on which God created the heavens and the Earth. Four of them are the sacred months. The first one is Rajab Mizr which is between Jamadi and Shaban. The other three are Dhul-Qa’ade, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram. Then do not oppress yourselves in these months. Changing the sanctity of the forbidden months constitutes grave atheism. Those who deny this sanctity are at a great loss. They consider one of these months not to be a sacred month one year, and consider a different month as a sacred month so as to make the number of the sacred months to be the same as what God has considered to be sacred months. In one year they set the month of Safar not to be sacred and the month of Muharram to be a sacred month, while in the year on which they considered Safar to be a sacred month they considered Muharram not to be a sacred month.O people! Satan has become disappointed of being worshipped in your towns forever. Thus, it is pleased with your minor sins. O people! Whoever has been entrusted with something should return it to its owner. O people! Women are really your captives. They cannot ask for any profit or loss for themselves. They become lawful to you by God’s decrees. You have certain rights incumbent upon them and they have certain rights incumbent upon you. Amongst your rights incumbent upon them is that they should only sleep with you and they should not disobey you (in good things). Once they do so, it is incumbent upon you to feed them and clothe them as usual. You should not beat them up. O people! Indeed I will leave with you the Book of the Honorable the Exalted God adhering to which will keep you from going astray. Therefore, grab onto it.”The Prophet (MGB) added, “O people! What day is today?”The people said, “It is the sacred day.” Then the Prophet (MGB) said, “O people! What month is this month?” They said, “It is the sacred month.” Then the Prophet (MGB) said, ‘O people! What town is this town?’ They said, “It is the sacred town.” Then the Prophet (MGB) said, “Indeed the Honorable the Exalted God has forbidden the shedding of your blood, the spending of your money and the losing of your honor for the sanctity of this day of yours in this month of yours in this town of yours until the day you meet Him. Then those of you who are present should inform those who are absent that there will be no more Prophets after me and that there will be no other nation after you.” Then the Prophet (MGB) raised his hands such that his armpits could be seen. Then the Prophet (MGB) said, “O my God! Bear witness that I delivered (what I was supposed to express).”




12-65 حدثنا محمد بن علي ما جيلويه رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم ابن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير رفعه إلى أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قوله الله عز وجل "إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتَابِ اللهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ" قال: المحرم وصفر وربيع الاول وربيع الآخر وجماد الاولى وجمادى الآخر ورجب وشعبان وشهر رمضان وشوال وذو القعدة وذو الحجة. منها أربعة حرم: عشرون من ذي الحجة والمحرم وصفر وشهر ربيع الاول وعشر من شهر ربيع الآخر


12-65 Muhammad ibn Ali Majiluyih - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashim quoted his father, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Abi Umayr who linked it up through a chain of narrators to Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) who said the following regarding the Honorable the Exalted God’s words, ‘The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)- so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the Earth;…’ They are Muharram; Safar; Rabial-Awwal; Rabial-Akhar, Jamadiul-Awwal; Jamadiul-Akhar; Rajab; Shaban; Ramazan; Shawwal; Dhul-Qa’ade and Dhul-Hijja. Four of them are the sacred months including twenty days in Dhul-Hijja, all of Muharram, Safar and Rabial-Awwal, and the last ten days of Rabial-Akhar.”