4. Ten of the Especial Characteristics of A Divine Leader (Imam)

Back to book

10-5 حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن الهيثم العجلي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا القطان قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب قال: حدثنا تميم بن بهلول قال: حدثنا أبومعاوية، عن سليمان بن مهران، عن أبي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام قال:عشر خصال من صفات الامام: العصمة، والنصوص، وأن يكون أعلم الناس وأتقاهم لله وأعلمهم بكتاب الله، وأن يكون صاحب الوصية الظاهرة، ويكون له المعجز والدليل، وتنام عينه ولاينام قلبه، ولايكون له فيئ، ويرى من خلفه كما يرى من بين يديهقال مصنف هذا الكتاب رحمة الله عليه: معجز الامام ودليله في العلم واستجابة الدعوة فاما إخباره بالحوادث التي تحدث قبل حدوثها فذلك بعهد معهود إليه من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله، وانما لا يكون له فيئ لانه مخلوق من نور الله عز وجل وأما رؤيته من خلفه كما يرى بين يديه فذلك بما اوتى من التوسم والتفرس في الاشياء قال الله عز وجل: "إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآياتٍ لِلْمُتَوَسِّمِينَ ".


10-5 Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Haysam al-Ajali - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Zakaria al-Qat’tan quoted Bakr ibn Abdullah ibn Habib, on the authority of Tamim ibn Buhlool, on the authority of Abu Muawiyah, on the authority of Suleiman ibn Mihran that Aba Abdullah Ja’far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq (MGB) said, “The following ten characteristics are especial attributes of a Divine Leader. Immaculateness; knowledge that is being the most knowledgeable of the people; being the most pious of the people; being the most knowledgeable of the people regarding the Quran; being the known Trustee of the previous Divine Leader; his miracle; reasoning; he goes to sleep, but his heart will not go to sleep; he doesn’t have a shadow; he sees the back as well as he sees the front.”The compiler of the book - may God have Mercy upon him - said, “The miracle and the reasoning of the Imam are indeed his knowledge and the fulfillment of his supplication. And the fact that sometimes a Divine Leader foretells future events before they occur, is due to what he has received from God’s Prophet (MGB). He doesn’t have a shadow since he has been created from the light of the Honorable the Exalted God. He sees the back as well as he sees the front due to the insight as the Honorable the Exalted God says, ‘Behold! in this are Signs for those who by tokens do understand.’