11. A Believer without Ten Characteristics Is Not Intelligent

Back to book

10-17 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن هلال عن امية بن علي، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة، عن سليمان بن خالد، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لم يعبد الله عز وجل بشـيءأفضل من العقل، ولا يكون المؤمن عاقلا حتى يجتمع فيه عشر خصال: الخير منه مأمول، والشر منه مأمون، يستكثر قليل الخير ممن غيره، ويستقل كثير الخيرمن نفسه، ولايسأم من طلب العلم طول عمره، ولا يتبرم بطلاب الحوائج قبله، الذل أحب إليه من العز، والفقر أحب إليه من الغنى، نصيبه من الدنيا القوت، والعاشرة وما العاشرة لايرى أحدا إلا قال هو خير مني وأتقى، إنما الناس رجلان فرجل هو خير منه وأتقى، وآخر هو شر منه وأدنى، فاذا رأى من هو خير منه وأتقى تواضع له ليلحق به، وإذا لقى الذي هو شر منه وأدنى قال: عسى خير هذا باطن وشره ظاهر، وعسى أن يختم له بخير، فاذا فعل ذلك فقد علا مجده، وساد أهل زمانه


10-17 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’ed ibn Abdullah quoted Ahmad ibn Hilal, on the authority of Umayat ibn Ali, on the authority of Abdullah ibn al-Muqayrih, on the authority of Suleiman ibn Khalid, on the authority of Abi Ja’far al-Baqir (MGB) that God’s Prophet (MGB) said, “The Honorablethe Exalted God has not been worshipped by anything better than the Intellect. A believer is not intelligent unless he has ten characteristics. They are: he should be good; others should be safe from his wickedness; he should highly value whatever goodness he receives from others; he should consider a lot of his own goodness to others to be a little; he should not become tired of acquiring knowledge during all of his lifetime; he should not become sad due to the requests of the needy ones from him; debasement should be better in his opinion than honor; poverty should be better in his opinion than being wealthy; his share of this world should only be his daily sustenance; and the tenth characteristic is that he should consider everyone he sees to be more pious and better than himself. Indeed people are only of two kinds. The first group are those who are really better than he is, and the second group are those who are more wicked than he is. He should be humble when he meets someone who is better and more pious than himself, until he attains his rank. When he meets someone who is more wicked than himself, he should say that person is a good person so as to end up wickedness. Should he behave this way, he will become honorable and will be the master of his own time.”