68. Tacit and Explicit Testimony as proof of Ali ibn al-Husayn’s (a.s.) Divine Authority over the people after al-Husayn (a.s.)

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْحُسَيْنَ بن علي (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) لَمَّا حَضَرَهُ الَّذِي حَضَرَهُ دَعَا ابْنَتَهُ الْكُبْرَى فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتَ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَدَفَعَ إِلَيْهَا كِتَاباً مَلْفُوفاً وَوَصِيَّةً ظَاهِرَةً وَكَانَ عَلِيُّ بن الحسين (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) مَبْطُوناً مَعَهُمْ لا يَرَوْنَ إِلا أَنَّهُ لِمَا بِهِ فَدَفَعَتْ فَاطِمَةُ الْكِتَابَ إِلَى عَلِيِّ بن الحسين (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) ثُمَّ صَارَ وَالله ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابُ إِلَيْنَا يَا زِيَادُ قَالَ قُلْتُ مَا فِي ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابِ جَعَلَنِيَ الله فِدَاكَ قَالَ فِيهِ وَالله مَا يَحْتَاجُ إِلَيْهِ وُلْدُ آدَمَ مُنْذُ خَلَقَ الله آدَمَ إِلَى أَنْ تَفْنَى الدُّنْيَا وَالله إِنَّ فِيهِ الْحُدُودَ حَتَّى أَنَّ فِيهِ أَرْشَ الْخَدْشِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from Mansur ibn Yunus from abu al-Jarud from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “When al-Husayn ibn Ali (a.s.) was about to leave this world he called his eldest daughter, Fatima and gave her a sealed document and openly before the people his directive will. Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) was ill with some internal illness and the people would see as dying. Fatima then gave the document to Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.). Thereafter, that document, by Allah, came to us, O Ziyad.” The narrator has said that he asked the the Imam (a.s.). “What is in that document, May Allah take my soul in service for your cause?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “In it there is all that the children of Adam needed from the day Allah created Adam to the end of the world. In it there is the law of penalties and even the rules of compensation for an scratch on a victim’s body.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (320/ 3)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا حَضَرَ الْحُسَيْنَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَا حَضَرَهُ دَفَعَ وَصِيَّتَهُ إِلَى ابْنَتِهِ فَاطِمَةَ ظَاهِرَةً فِي كِتَابٍ مُدْرَجٍ فَلَمَّا أَنْ كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَا كَانَ دَفَعَتْ ذَلِكَ إِلَى عَلِيِّ بن الحسين (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) قُلْتُ لَهُ فَمَا فِيهِ يَرْحَمُكَ الله فَقَالَ مَا يَحْتَاجُ إِلَيْهِ وُلْدُ آدَمَ مُنْذُ كَانَتِ الدُّنْيَا إِلَى أَنْ تَفْنَى.


2. A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from ibn Sinan from abu al-Jarud from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “When al-Husayn (a.s.) was about to leave this world he gave his directive will to his daughter, Fatima in a sealed document before the people onpenly. When what had to happen to al-Husayn (a.s.) did happen she gave it to Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s..” The narrator has said that then he asked the Imam (a.s.). “What was in it, may Allah grant you blessings?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “It contained all that the children of Adam would need from the beginning of the world until it will end.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/320)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْحُسَيْنَ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ لَمَّا صَارَ إِلَى الْعِرَاقِ اسْتَوْدَعَ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهَا الْكُتُبَ وَالْوَصِيَّةَ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ عَلِيُّ بن الحسين (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) دَفَعَتْهَا إِلَيْهِ.


3. A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ‘Amira from abu Bakr al-Hadrami from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. “When al-Husayn (a.s.) was about to leave for Iraq he entrusted ’Umm Salama (may Allah be pleased with her) with the books and directive will. When Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) returned (to Madina) she delivered them to him. According to the manuscript of al-Safwan the hadith reads as follows:


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/321)



4ـ وَفِي نُسْخَةِ الصَّفْوَانِيِّ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ عَنْ فُلَيْحِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الشَّيْبَانِيِّ قَالَ وَالله إِنِّي لَجَالِسٌ عِنْدَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَعِنْدَهُ وُلْدُهُ إِذْ جَاءَهُ جَابِرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الله الانْصَارِيُّ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِيَدِ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَخَلا بِهِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَخْبَرَنِي أَنِّي سَأُدْرِكُ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ يُقَالُ لَهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ يُكَنَّى أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ فَإِذَا أَدْرَكْتَهُ فَأَقْرِئْهُ مِنِّي السَّلامَ قَالَ وَمَضَى جَابِرٌ وَرَجَعَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَجَلَسَ مَعَ أَبِيهِ عَلِيِّ بن الحسين (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) وَإِخْوَتِهِ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى الْمَغْرِبَ قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ لابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَالَ لَكَ جَابِرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الله الانْصَارِيُّ فَقَالَ قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ إِنَّكَ سَتُدْرِكُ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِيَ اسْمُهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ يُكَنَّى أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ فَأَقْرِئْهُ مِنِّي السَّلامَ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُوهُ هَنِيئاً لَكَ يَا بُنَيَّ مَا خَصَّكَ الله بِهِ مِنْ رَسُولِهِ مِنْ بَيْنِ أَهْلِ بَيْتِكَ لا تُطْلِعْ إِخْوَتَكَ عَلَى هَذَا فَيَكِيدُوا لَكَ كَيْداً كَمَا كَادُوا إِخْوَةُ يُوسُفَ لِيُوسُفَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام )


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hanan ibn Sadir from Falih ibn abu Bakr al-Shaybani who has said the following. “ I swear by Allah, I was sitting in the presence of Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) whose sons also were there when Jabur ibn ‘Abdallah al-Ansari came. He offered his greeting then he held the hand of abu Ja‘far (a.s.) and took him aside for privacy and said, “The Messenger of Allah informed me that I would find my self with a man from Ahl al-Bayt (family the Holy Prophet (s.a.) who would be called ‘Muhammad ibn Ali’ also called abu Ja‘far (father of Ja‘far). When abu Ja‘far returned to the meeting he sat near his father, Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) and his brothers. When the Imam performed the Maghrib prayer (the prayer at sun set, Ali ibn al-Husayn asked abu Ja‘far (a.s.), “What did Jabut ibn ‘Abdallah al-Ansari say to you?” He (abu Ja‘far ) said, “Jabur said that the Messenger of Allah said to him the following, “You will soon find yourself with a man from my Ahl al-Bayt (my family) whose name is Muhammad ibn Ali also called abu Ja‘far (father of Ja‘far). Convey that offer him greetings.” His father (abu Ja‘far’s father) then said, “Success for you, my son, for what Allah has granted to you exclusively from His messenger from among the members of your family. Do not tell it to your brothers lest they may plan against you a plot as his brothers plotted against Joseph.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (321/ 3)