66. Tacit and Explicit Testimony as proof of al-Hassan ibn Ali’s (a.s.) (a.s.) Divine Authority over the people after Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.)

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عُمَرَ الْيَمَانِيِّ وَعُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ قَالَ شَهِدْتُ وَصِيَّةَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) حِينَ أَوْصَى إِلَى ابْنِهِ الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَأَشْهَدَ عَلَى وَصِيَّتِهِ الْحُسَيْنَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَمُحَمَّداً وَجَمِيعَ وُلْدِهِ وَرُؤَسَاءَ شِيعَتِهِ وَأَهْلَ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ دَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ الْكِتَابَ وَالسِّلاحَ وَقَالَ لابْنِهِ الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا بُنَيَّ أَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ أُوصِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنْ أَدْفَعَ إِلَيْكَ كُتُبِي وَسِلاحِي كَمَا أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَدَفَعَ إِلَيَّ كُتُبَهُ وَسِلاحَهُ وَأَمَرَنِي أَنْ آمُرَكَ إِذَا حَضَرَكَ الْمَوْتُ أَنْ تَدْفَعَهَا إِلَى أَخِيكَ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى ابْنِهِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ وَأَمَرَكَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ تَدْفَعَهَا إِلَى ابْنِكَ هَذَا ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِيَدِ عَلِيِّ بن الحسين (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) ثُمَّ قَالَ لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَأَمَرَكَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ تَدْفَعَهَا إِلَى ابْنِكَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَأَقْرِئْهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَمِنِّي السَّلامَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Ibrahim ibn ‘Umar al-Yamani and ‘Umar ibn ’Udhayna from Sulaym ibn Qays who has said the following. “I witnessed Amir al-Mu’minin Ali’s (a.s.) will made before me in which he appointed his, al-Hassan (a.s.) as the executor. He called al-Husayn (a.s.), Muhammad and all his other sons, all the leaders among his followers and his whole family to bear testimony to his will. He then delivered the Book and the Armament to his son al-Hassan (a.s.) and said, “My son, the Messenger of Allah commanded me to appoint you as the executor of my will. (He commanded me) to deliver to you my books and my Armament just as the Messenger of Allah did. He made his will in which he appointed me as the executor, delivered to me his books and his Armament and commanded me to command you to deliver them to al-Husayn (a.s.) when you will be about to leave this world. Then he turned to his son, al-Husayn (a.s.) and said, “The Messenger of Allah has commanded you to deliver them to your son, this one. Then he held with his hand Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) and said to him, “The Messenger of Allah has commanded you to deliver them to your son, Muhammad ibn Ali and convey to him the Islamic greeting of the Messenger of Allah and my Islamic greeting.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/291)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الصَّمَدِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَمَّا حَضَرَهُ الَّذِي حَضَرَهُ قَالَ لابْنِهِ الْحَسَنِ ادْنُ مِنِّي حَتَّى أُسِرَّ إِلَيْكَ مَا أَسَرَّ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِلَيَّ وَأَئْتَمِنَكَ عَلَى مَا ائْتَمَنَنِي عَلَيْهِ فَفَعَلَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from’’Abd al-Samad ibn Bashir from abu al-Jarud from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “When Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) was about to leave this world, he called his son, al-Hassan (a.s.) saying, “ Come very close to me so I can speak to you secretly just as the Messenger of Allah did to me and entrust you with all that he entrusted me with and he did so.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/291)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الاجْلَحُ وَسَلَمَةُ بْنُ كُهَيْلٍ وَدَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي يَزِيدَ وَزَيْدٌ الْيَمَامِيُّ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا شَهْرُ بْنُ حَوْشَبٍ أَنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) حِينَ سَارَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ اسْتَوْدَعَ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ كُتُبَهُ وَالْوَصِيَّةَ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ الْحَسَنُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) دَفَعَتْهَا إِلَيْهِ.


3. A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ‘Amayra from abu Bakr al-Hadrami who has said that al-Ajlah, Salamah ibn Kuhayl, Dawud ibn abu Yazid and Zayd al-Yamami from Shahr ibn Hawshab who has said the following. “When Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) was about to leave for Kufa he left in ’Umm Salama’s trust his books and his will. When al-Hassan (a.s.) returned to Madina she delivered all of them to him.” The above hadith is as follows in the book of al-Safwan:


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (293/ 3)



4ـ وَفِي نُسْخَةِ الصَّفْوَانِيِّ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ عَلِيّاً صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ حِينَ سَارَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ اسْتَوْدَعَ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ كُتُبَهُ وَالْوَصِيَّةَ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ الْحَسَنُ دَفَعَتْهَا إِلَيْهِ.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf from abu Bakr from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. “When Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) was about to leave for Kufa he left in ’Umm Salama’s trust his books and his will. When al-Hassan (a.s.) returned to Madina she delivered all of them to him.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/293)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَوْصَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِلَى الْحَسَنِ وَأَشْهَدَ عَلَى وَصِيَّتِهِ الْحُسَيْنَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَمُحَمَّداً وَجَمِيعَ وُلْدِهِ وَرُؤَسَاءَ شِيعَتِهِ وَأَهْلَ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ دَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ الْكِتَابَ وَالسِّلاحَ ثُمَّ قَالَ لابْنِهِ الْحَسَنِ يَا بُنَيَّ أَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ الله أَنْ أُوصِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنْ أَدْفَعَ إِلَيْكَ كُتُبِي وَسِلاحِي كَمَا أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ رَسُولُ الله وَدَفَعَ إِلَيَّ كُتُبَهُ وَسِلاحَهُ وَأَمَرَنِي أَنْ آمُرَكَ إِذَا حَضَرَكَ الْمَوْتُ أَنْ تَدْفَعَهُ إِلَى أَخِيكَ الْحُسَيْنِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى ابْنِهِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَقَالَ أَمَرَكَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ تَدْفَعَهُ إِلَى ابْنِكَ هَذَا ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِيَدِ ابْنِ ابْنِهِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ يَا بُنَيَّ وَأَمَرَكَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ تَدْفَعَهُ إِلَى ابْنِكَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَأَقْرِئْهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَمِنِّي السَّلامَ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى ابْنِهِ الْحَسَنِ فَقَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ أَنْتَ وَلِيُّ الامْرِ وَوَلِيُّ الدَّمِ فَإِنْ عَفَوْتَ فَلَكَ وَإِنْ قَتَلْتَ فَضَرْبَةٌ مَكَانَ ضَرْبَةٍ وَلا تَأْثَمْ.


5. A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabur from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) made his directive will to al-Hassan (a.s.) and asked al-Husayn (a.s.), Muhammad, all his sons, the leaders among his followers and the whole of his family to bear testimony. He then delivered to him the Book and the Armament. He then said to his son, al-Hassan (a.s.), “My son, the Messenger of Allah commanded me to entrust you with my directive will. (He commanded me) to deliver to you my books, and my armament just as the Messenger of Allah entrusted me with his directive will and delivered his books and armament to me. He commanded me to command you to deliver them all to your brother, al-Husayn (a.s.) when time for you to leave this world will come. Then he turned to his son, al-Husayn (a.s.) and said, “the Messenger of Allah has commanded you to deliver it all to your son, this one. He then held with his hand Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) and said to him, “My son, the Messenger of Allah has commanded you to deliver it all to your son, Muhammad ibn Ali (a.s.) and convey to him the Islamic greeting of the Messenger of Allah and my Islamic greeting.” He then turned to his son, al-Hassan (a.s.) and said, “My son, you are the Leader with Divine Authority and the authority in the matter of the spilled blood. Were you to forgive it would be for you. Were you to retaliate then one strike for an strike you would not be in sin.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/293)



6ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْحَسَنِيُّ رَفَعَهُ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ الاحْمَرِيِّ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ لَمَّا ضُرِبَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) حَفَّ بِهِ الْعُوَّادُ وَقِيلَ لَهُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَوْصِ فَقَالَ اثْنُوا لِي وِسَادَةً ثُمَّ قَالَ الْحَمْدُ لله حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ مُتَّبِعِينَ أَمْرَهُ وَأَحْمَدُهُ كَمَا أَحَبَّ وَلا إِلَهَ إِلا الله الْوَاحِدُ الاحَدُ الصَّمَدُ كَمَا انْتَسَبَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُّ امْرِئٍ لاقٍ فِي فِرَارِهِ مَا مِنْهُ يَفِرُّ وَالاجَلُ مَسَاقُ النَّفْسِ إِلَيْهِ وَالْهَرَبَ مِنْهُ مُوَافَاتُهُ كَمْ أَطْرَدْتُ الايَّامَ أَبْحَثُهَا عَنْ مَكْنُونِ هَذَا الامْرِ فَأَبَى الله عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ إِلا إِخْفَاءَهُ هَيْهَاتَ عِلْمٌ مَكْنُونٌ أَمَّا وَصِيَّتِي فَأَنْ لا تُشْرِكُوا بِالله جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ شَيْئاً وَمُحَمَّداً (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَلا تُضَيِّعُوا سُنَّتَهُ أَقِيمُوا هَذَيْنِ الْعَمُودَيْنِ وَأَوْقِدُوا هَذَيْنِ الْمِصْبَاحَيْنِ وَخَلاكُمْ ذَمٌّ مَا لَمْ تَشْرُدُوا حُمِّلَ كُلُّ امْرِئٍ مَجْهُودَهُ وَخُفِّفَ عَنِ الْجَهَلَةِ رَبٌّ رَحِيمٌ وَإِمَامٌ عَلِيمٌ وَدِينٌ قَوِيمٌ أَنَا بِالامْسِ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَأَنَا الْيَوْمَ عِبْرَةٌ لَكُمْ وَغَداً مُفَارِقُكُمْ إِنْ تَثْبُتِ الْوَطْأَةُ فِي هَذِهِ الْمَزَلَّةِ فَذَاكَ الْمُرَادُ وَإِنْ تَدْحَضِ الْقَدَمُ فَإِنَّا كُنَّا فِي أَفْيَاءِ أَغْصَانٍ وَذَرَى رِيَاحٍ وَتَحْتَ ظِلِّ غَمَامَةٍ اضْمَحَلَّ فِي الْجَوِّ مُتَلَفِّقُهَا وَعَفَا فِي الارْضِ مَحَطُّهَا وَإِنَّمَا كُنْتُ جَاراً جَاوَرَكُمْ بَدَنِي أَيَّاماً وَسَتُعْقَبُونَ مِنِّي جُثَّةً خَلاءً سَاكِنَةً بَعْدَ حَرَكَةٍ وَكَاظِمَةً بَعْدَ نُطْقٍ لِيَعِظَكُمْ هُدُوِّي وَخُفُوتُ إِطْرَاقِي وَسُكُونُ أَطْرَافِي فَإِنَّهُ أَوْعَظُ لَكُمْ مِنَ النَّاطِقِ الْبَلِيغِ وَدَّعْتُكُمْ وَدَاعَ مُرْصِدٍ لِلتَّلاقِي غَداً تَرَوْنَ أَيَّامِي وَيَكْشِفُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَنْ سَرَائِرِي وَتَعْرِفُونِّي بَعْدَ خُلُوِّ مَكَانِي وَقِيَامِ غَيْرِي مَقَامِي إِنْ أَبْقَ فَأَنَا وَلِيُّ دَمِي وَإِنْ أَفْنَ فَالْفَنَاءُ مِيعَادِي وَإِنْ أَعْفُ فَالْعَفْوُ لِي قُرْبَةٌ وَلَكُمْ حَسَنَةٌ فَاعْفُوا وَاصْفَحُوا أَ لا تُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ الله لَكُمْ فَيَا لَهَا حَسْرَةً عَلَى كُلِّ ذِي غَفْلَةٍ أَنْ يَكُونَ عُمُرُهُ عَلَيْهِ حُجَّةً أَوْ تُؤَدِّيَهُ أَيَّامُهُ إِلَى شِقْوَةٍ جَعَلَنَا الله وَإِيَّاكُمْ مِمَّنْ لا يَقْصُرُ بِهِ عَنْ طَاعَةِ الله رَغْبَةٌ أَوْ تَحُلُّ بِهِ بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ نَقِمَةٌ فَإِنَّمَا نَحْنُ لَهُ وَبِهِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ ضَرْبَةً مَكَانَ ضَرْبَةٍ وَلا تَأْثَمْ.


6. Al-Husayn ibn al-Hasan al-Hassani has narrated in a Marfu‘ manner, rafa‘ahu, and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Ahmari has narrated in a marfu‘ manner, rafa‘ahu, the following. “When Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) was injured the visitors crowded around him saying, “O Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.), (please, grant us) your directive will.” The Imam (a.s.) then said, “You must fold the pillow for me (so I can speak).” He then said, “All praise belongs to Allah as He is worthy of it. We follow His commands. I praise Him jus as He has loved it. There is no lord except Allah, Who is One, the only One, the self-sufficient is His own description of His genealogy. O people, every man, in his running away, comes face to face with what he runs away from. The appointed time (to die) is the driver of the soul to it (the time of death). Running away from death is rushing to find it. How many days have come and gone in which I search for the secret of this matter, however, Allah disdains to do otherwise, but to keep it secret. It certainly is beyond comprehension; it is a hidden knowledge. “My directive will to you is that you must not consider any thing like Allah, Great is Whose praise. You must not disregard the Sunnah (traditions) of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.). Keep these two pillars straight and light these two beacons. You will not face any blames until you do not disperse ( remain united). Every man is held responsible for what assiduously gains. Ignorant, (the lay) people’s burden has been reduced. The Lord is Merciful, the Imam is knowledgeable and religion is a constructive system. Yesterday I was your companion, today (I am) a lesson for you and tomorrow I will depart you. If one can remain steadfast at this slippery position then that is the goal. However, if the foot would waver it is because we live under the shadows of the branches, in the blowing winds, under the shadow of dissipating clouds in the air and disappearing traces on the land. I was your neighbor that lived along you with my body for a number of days. You will soon follow my dead body (to the grave). It will be a motionless body that moved, a silent one that spoke (so sweet). My silence, my closed eyes and my motionless lambs must be held as the best preachers. They are far better preachers to than an eloquent orator. I have said farewell to you as the one who expects re-union. Tomorrow you see my days and Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, will reveal my secrets and you will know me better when will not find me in my place and the holding of others my position. If I will survive I will be the authority for my own-self but if I will die then death is my destination. If I will forgive (my assassin) then forgiveness is a means of getting closer (to Allah) and for you it is good deed. You must forgive and ignore. Do you not like that Allah will forgive you? How great is the sorrow for the neglectful ones whose life will testimony for his own condemnation or lead him his days to misfortune. May Allah place us and you among those who do not fall short in life from obedience to Allah because of his desire (to obey Him) or that he may not suffer after death. We are only for Him and with Him.” Then he turned to al-Hassan (a.s.) and said, “My son, one strike for one strike you will not be in sin.”




7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْعَقِيلِيِّ يَرْفَعُهُ قَالَ قَالَ لَمَّا ضَرَبَ ابْنُ مُلْجَمٍ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لِلْحَسَنِ يَا بُنَيَّ إِذَا أَنَا مِتُّ فَاقْتُلِ ابْنَ مُلْجَمٍ وَاحْفِرْ لَهُ فِي الْكُنَاسَةِ وَوَصَفَ الْعَقِيلِيُّ الْمَوْضِعَ عَلَى بَابِ طَاقِ الْمَحَامِلِ مَوْضِعُ الشُّوَّاءِ وَالرُّؤَّاسِ ثُمَّ ارْمِ بِهِ فِيهِ فَإِنَّهُ وَادٍ مِنْ أَوْدِيَةِ جَهَنَّمَ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hassan from Ali ibn Ibrahim al-‘Aqili, in a marfu‘ manner, yarfa‘uhu, has said the following. “When ibn Muljam injured Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) he (Ali) said to al-Hassan (a.s.), “My son, when I will die, eliminate ibn Muljam, dig the ground for him in al-Kunasa (name of a place) and throw him therein. It is a valley of the valleys of Hell.” (According to ‘Aqili’s description al-Kunas is at the gate called ‘Taq al-Mahamil’ where people cook animals’s legs and heads for food)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (304/ 3)