24. The people whom Allah has Chosen and has Made the Heirs of His Book are the Imams (a.s.)

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1ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جُمْهُورٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمُؤْمِنِ عَنْ سَالِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا فَمِنْهُمْ ظالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ وَمِنْهُمْ مُقْتَصِدٌ وَمِنْهُمْ سابِقٌ بِالْخَيْراتِ بِإِذْنِ الله قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الامَامُ وَالْمُقْتَصِدُ الْعَارِفُ لِلامَامِ وَالظَّالِمُ لِنَفْسِهِ الَّذِي لا يَعْرِفُ الامَامَ.


1. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Jumhur from Hammad ibn ’Isa from ’Abd al-Mu’min from Salim who has said that he asked abu Ja‘far (a.s.) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. “We gave the Book as an inheritance to Our chosen servants, among whom some are unjust against their souls, some are moderate, and some are exceedingly virtuous by the permission of God. . .” (35:31) The exceedingly virtuous is the Imam (a.s.), the moderateones are those who know the Imams (a.s.) and the unjust ones are those who do not know the Imams (a.s.).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ( 1 ) - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/438)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ عَنْ مُعَلىً عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا فَقَالَ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَقُولُونَ أَنْتُمْ قُلْتُ نَقُولُ إِنَّهَا فِي الْفَاطِمِيِّينَ قَالَ لَيْسَ حَيْثُ تَذْهَبُ لَيْسَ يَدْخُلُ فِي هَذَا مَنْ أَشَارَ بِسَيْفِهِ وَدَعَا النَّاسَ إِلَى خِلافٍ فَقُلْتُ فَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ الظَّالِمُ لِنَفْسِهِ قَالَ الْجَالِسُ فِي بَيْتِهِ لا يَعْرِفُ حَقَّ الامَامِ وَالْمُقْتَصِدُ الْعَارِفُ بِحَقِّ الامَامِ وَالسَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الامَامُ.


2. Al-Husayn has narrated from Mu‘alla from al-Washsha’ from ‘Abd al-Karim from Sulayman who has said that he asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about the meaning of the following verse of the Holy Quran. “We gave the book as an inheritance to Our chosen servants,.. .” (35:31) The Imam (a.s.) asked, “What do you say about it?” I said, “We say that they are the Fatimid (descendents of Fatima, Daughter of the Holy Prophet (s.a.)” The Imam (a.s.) said, “It is not as you say. No one who would point out his sword and call people into schism and misguidance comes in this (category of people exceeding in virtue).” I then asked, “Who then are the ones doing wrong to themselves?” The Imam (a.s.) replied, “It is those who sit in their homes and do not know the rights of his Imam (a.s.). The moderate ones are those who know the rights of their Imam and the ones exceeding in virtue are the Imams (a.s.)”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (439/ 2)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا الايَةَ قَالَ فَقَالَ وُلْدُ فَاطِمَةَ (عليها السلام) وَالسَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الامَامُ وَالْمُقْتَصِدُ الْعَارِفُ بِالامَامِ وَالظَّالِمُ لِنَفْسِهِ الَّذِي لا يَعْرِفُ الامَامَ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan from Ahmad ibn ‘Umar who has said that he asked abu al-Hassan al-Rida (a.s.) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. “We gave the book as an inheritance to Our chosen servants. .” (35:31). The Imam (a.s.) said such people are the children of Fatima (a.s.), those exceeding in virtue are the Imams (a.s.), the moderate ones are those who know the Imam (a.s.) and those who do injustice to themselves are the ones who do not know their Imam (a.s.).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (440/ 2)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلادٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الَّذِينَ آتَيْناهُمُ الْكِتابَ يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلاوَتِهِ أُولئِكَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ قَالَ هُمُ الائِمَّةُ (عَلَيْهم السَّلام )


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from abu Wallad who has said that he asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. “The people who have received Our Book (Quran), and read it thoroughly, believe in it. Those who disbelieve the Book are certainly losers.” (2:121) The Imams (a.s.) said that such people are the Imams (a.s.).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/440)