28. Chapter on Fortunateness and Un-fortunatenessBack to book
1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله خَلَقَ السَّعَادَةَ وَالشَّقَاءَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ خَلْقَهُ فَمَنْ خَلَقَهُ الله سَعِيداً لَمْ يُبْغِضْهُ أَبَداً وَإِنْ عَمِلَ شَرّاً أَبْغَضَ عَمَلَهُ وَلَمْ يُبْغِضْهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ شَقِيّاً لَمْ يُحِبَّهُ أَبَداً وَإِنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحاً أَحَبَّ عَمَلَهُ وَأَبْغَضَهُ لِمَا يَصِيرُ إِلَيْهِ فَإِذَا أَحَبَّ الله شَيْئاً لَمْ يُبْغِضْهُ أَبَداً وَإِذَا أَبْغَضَ شَيْئاً لَمْ يُحِبَّهُ أَبَداً.
1. It is narrated from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Saffron ibn Yahya from Mansur ibn Hazim from Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. “Allah created good fortune and bad fortune before He created the creatures. Whoever Allah has created fortunate He never becomes angry with him even though he may do bad deeds. He to reach and nor do the deep diving intelligence is capable to grasp. Most High is Allah. It is He who is not subject to the effects of the numbered time or extended period or limited attributes. Glorious is Allah, Who has no beginning that started or a destination that would close or an end that would finish. Glorious is He Who is just as He Him Self has introduced. Those who speak of His attributes can never praise Him duly. He gave to everything a limit at the time of its creation for their non- similarity to Him and His none-similarity to them. For Him th of would dislike his deeds but his own self. If he is an unfortunate He would never love him even if he would do good deeds. He would love his deeds but not his own self because of what he will end up to. If Allah would love someone He will not dislike him and if He would dislike someone He will not love him.”
Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/165)
2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ شُعَيْبٍ الْعَقَرْقُوفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) جَالِساً وَقَدْ سَأَلَهُ سَائِلٌ فَقَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ الله مِنْ أَيْنَ لَحِقَ الشَّقَاءُ أَهْلَ الْمَعْصِيَةِ حَتَّى حَكَمَ الله لَهُمْ فِي عِلْمِهِ بِالْعَذَابِ عَلَى عَمَلِهِمْ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَيُّهَا السَّائِلُ حُكْمُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لا يَقُومُ لَهُ أَحَدٌ مِنْ خَلْقِهِ بِحَقِّهِ فَلَمَّا حَكَمَ بِذَلِكَ وَهَبَ لاهْلِ مَحَبَّتِهِ الْقُوَّةَ عَلَى مَعْرِفَتِهِ وَوَضَعَ عَنْهُمْ ثِقْلَ الْعَمَلِ بِحَقِيقَةِ مَا هُمْ أَهْلُهُ وَوَهَبَ لاهْلِ الْمَعْصِيَةِ الْقُوَّةَ عَلَى مَعْصِيَتِهِمْ لِسَبْقِ عِلْمِهِ فِيهِمْ وَمَنَعَهُمْ إِطَاقَةَ الْقَبُولِ مِنْهُ فَوَافَقُوا مَا سَبَقَ لَهُمْ فِي عِلْمِهِ وَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يَأْتُوا حَالاً تُنْجِيهِمْ مِنْ عَذَابِهِ لانَّ عِلْمَهُ أَوْلَى بِحَقِيقَةِ التَّصْدِيقِ وَهُوَ مَعْنَى شَاءَ مَا شَاءَ وَهُوَ سِرُّهُ.
2. It is narrated from Ali ibn Muhammad (in a marfu‘ manner) from shu‘ayb al-‘aqaqufi from abu Basir who has said the following. “I was in presence of Imam abu ‘abdallah (a.s.) when a certain person asked him saying, ‘May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, O great-great-great-great-grandson of the holy Prophet (s.a.), wherefrom misfortune took hold of the people committing sins and so Allah in His knowledge deemed it for them to suffer?” The Imam said, “It is the judgment of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High and no one has the right (to oppose it). When passed such judgment He gave to the people of love the ability to know Him and relieved them of the hardships of deeds by means of what they are capable of and He gave the people of sins the ability to commit sins due His early knowledge and denying them the power to accept from Him, thus, they agree with what is in His knowledge about them and they remain unable to do things that would save them from His punishment. It is because His knowledge is more preferred in the reality of judgment and acknowledgement and this is what is meant by He wanted what He wanted and it is His secret”
Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (166/ 2)
3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عِمْرَانَ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَنْظَلَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ يُسْلَكُ بِالسَّعِيدِ فِي طَرِيقِ الاشْقِيَاءِ حَتَّى يَقُولَ النَّاسُ مَا أَشْبَهَهُ بِهِمْ بَلْ هُوَ مِنْهُمْ ثُمَّ يَتَدَارَكُهُ السَّعَادَةُ وَقَدْ يُسْلَكُ بِالشَّقِيِّ فِي طَرِيقِ السُّعَدَاءِ حَتَّى يَقُولَ النَّاسُ مَا أَشْبَهَهُ بِهِمْ بَلْ هُوَ مِنْهُمْ ثُمَّ يَتَدَارَكُهُ الشَّقَاءُ إِنَّ مَنْ كَتَبَهُ الله سَعِيداً وَإِنْ لَمْ يَبْقَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا إِلا فُوَاقُ نَاقَةٍ خَتَمَ لَهُ بِالسَّعَادَةِ.
3. It is narrated from a number of our people from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd for Yahya ibn ‘Imran al-Halabi from Mu’alla ibn ‘Uthman from Ali ibn Hanzala from Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) Who has said the following. The Imam said, “A fortunate person is made to walk on the path of the unfortunate ones so much so that people would say, “How similar has he become with them? In fact, he has become one of them. Then good fortune helps him. Sometimes a unfortunate one is made to walk on the path of the fortunate ones and people begins to say, “How similar has he become with them? In fact, he has become one of them. But misfortune takes hold of him. Whoever Allah has written to be of the fortunate ones, even if very little time, such equal to the period between two breast-feeding of a camel her young, would have been left from his life in this world Allah will make it end in good fortune.
Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/170)