Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > Extending Due Date of Payment in Favor of the Borrower
Hadith #2

2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ فِي يَوْمٍ حَارٍّ وَحَنَّى كَفَّهُ مَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَسْتَظِلَّ مِنْ فَوْرِ جَهَنَّمَ قَالَهَا ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ فِي كُلِّ مَرَّةٍ نَحْنُ يَا رَسُولَ الله فَقَالَ مَنْ أَنْظَرَ غَرِيماً أَوْ تَرَكَ الْمُعْسِرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لِي عَبْدُ الله بْنُ كَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ إِنَّ أَبِي أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّهُ لَزِمَ غَرِيماً لَهُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَأَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَدَخَلَ بَيْتَهُ وَنَحْنُ جَالِسَانِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فِي الْهَاجِرَةِ فَكَشَفَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) سِتْرَهُ وَقَالَ يَا كَعْبُ مَا زِلْتُمَا جَالِسَيْنِ قَالَ نَعَمْ بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي قَالَ فَأَشَارَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بِكَفِّهِ خُذِ النِّصْفَ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي ثُمَّ قَالَ أَتْبِعْهُ بِبَقِيَّةِ حَقِّكَ قَالَ فَأَخَذْتُ النِّصْفَ وَوَضَعْتُ لَهُ النِّصْفَ.

2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, bending his palm on a hot day, said, ‘Who wants to provide a shadow for himself against the heat of the blaze of hell fire?’ He repeated the sentence three times, and every time people said, ‘We want such a shadow, O Messenger of Allah.’ He then said, ‘He is the one who extends the due date of loan repayment or waives it altogether in favor of a borrower who has difficulty paying.’” “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said to me, “Abd Allah ibn Ka‘b ibn Malik has said to me that his father told him, “Once, in the Masjid I got hold of a person who had borrowed from me. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, came and (seeing us) he went inside his house, while we were sitting in the Masjid. He then came out in the heat of the sun and began to speak, saying, ‘O Ka‘b, are you both still sitting there?’ I, Ka‘b then replied, ‘Yes, I pray to Allah to keep the souls of my father and mother in the service of your cause.’ The Messenger of Allah then pointed to his palm and said, ‘Take this half.’ I, Ka‘b, then said, ‘Yes, I pray to Allah to keep the souls of my father and mother in service for your cause.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘Waive the other half in his favor.’ I took the half and waived the other half in favor of the borrower.’””