400. Hadith

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عَنْهُ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلَاءِ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ فَرَأَيْتُ مَوْلًى لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) فَمِلْتُ إِلَيْهِ لِأَسْأَلَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) فَإِذَا أَنَا بِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) سَاجِداً فَانْتَظَرْتُهُ طَوِيلًا فَطَالَ سُجُودُهُ عَلَيَّ فَقُمْتُ وَ صَلَّيْتُ رَكَعَاتٍ وَ انْصَرَفْتُ وَ هُوَ بَعْدُ سَاجِدٌ فَسَأَلْتُ مَوْلَاهُ مَتَى سَجَدَ فَقَالَ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَأْتِيَنَا فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ كَلَامِي رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ ادْنُ مِنِّي فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَسَمِعَ صَوْتاً خَلْفَهُ فَقَالَ مَا هَذِهِ الْأَصْوَاتُ الْمُرْتَفِعَةُ فَقُلْتُ هَؤُلَاءِ قَوْمٌ مِنَ الْمُرْجِئَةِ وَ الْقَدَرِيَّةِ وَ الْمُعْتَزِلَةِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الْقَوْمَ يُرِيدُونِّي فَقُمْ بِنَا فَقُمْتُ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا أَنْ رَأَوْهُ نَهَضُوا نَحْوَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ كُفُّوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ عَنِّي وَ لَا تُؤْذُونِي وَ تَعْرِضُونِي لِلسُّلْطَانِ فَإِنِّي لَسْتُ بِمُفْتٍ لَكُمْ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِيَدِي وَ تَرَكَهُمْ وَ مَضَى فَلَمَّا خَرَجَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَ لِي يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اللَّهِ لَوْ أَنَّ إِبْلِيسَ سَجَدَ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ بَعْدَ الْمَعْصِيَةِ وَ التَّكَبُّرِ عُمُرَ الدُّنْيَا مَا نَفَعَهُ ذَلِكَ وَ لَا قَبِلَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ مَا لَمْ يَسْجُدْ لآِدَمَ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَنْ يَسْجُدَ لَهُ وَ كَذَلِكَ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ الْعَاصِيَةُ الْمَفْتُونَةُ بَعْدَ نَبِيِّهَا (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ بَعْدَ تَرْكِ هِمُ الْإِمَامَ الَّذِي نَصَبَهُ نَبِيُّهُمْ (صلى الله عليه وآله) لَهُمْ فَلَنْ يَقْبَلَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى لَهُمْ عَمَلًا وَ لَنْ يَرْفَعَ لَهُمْ حَسَنَةً حَتَّى يَأْتُوا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَهُمْ وَ يَتَوَلَّوُا الْإِمَامَ الَّذِي أُمِرُوا بِوَلَايَتِهِ وَ يَدْخُلُوا مِنَ الْبَابِ الَّذِي فَتَحَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ رَسُولُهُ لَهُمْ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّ اللَّهَ افْتَرَضَ عَلَى أُمَّةِ مُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) خَمْسَ فَرَائِضَ الصَّلَاةَ وَ الزَّكَاةَ وَ الصِّيَامَ وَ الْحَجَّ وَ وَلَايَتَنَا فَرَخَّصَ لَهُمْ فِي أَشْيَاءَ مِنَ الْفَرَائِضِ الْأَرْبَعَةِ وَ لَمْ يُرَخِّصْ لِأَحَدٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِي تَرْكِ وَلَايَتِنَا لَا وَ اللَّهِ مَا فِيهَا رُخْصَةٌ.


400. From him, from Hisham Bin Saalim, from Abdul Hameed, Bin Abu Al-A’la who said: I came up to the Sacred Masjid, so I saw a slave of Abu Abdullah (asws). So I went to him to ask him about Abu Abdullah (asws) and I saw that Abu Abdullah (asws) was in prostration. So I waited for him (asws) for a long time as his (asws) prostration was prolonged. So I stood up and Prayed some cycles of Salat and finished, and he (asws) was still in prostration. So I asked the slave, ‘From when has he (asws) been in prostration?’ He said, ‘From before I came in’. So when he (asws) overheard our conversation, he (asws) raised his (asws) head, then said: ‘Abu Muhammad, come closer to me (asws)’. So I approached and greeted him (asws). He (asws) heard voiced behind him (asws) so he (asws) said; ‘What are these raised voices?’ I said, ‘Those are a group of Murjiites, and the Qadiriyya, and the Mu’tazila’. He (asws) said: ‘The people want me (asws), so come with me (asws)’. I stood up and went with him (asws). When they saw him (asws) they stood up for him (asws), so he (asws) said: ‘Restrain yourselves from me (asws) and do not hurt me (asws) and expose me (asws) to the authorities, for I (asws) am not a Mufti (Issuer of Fatawa for you all’. Then he (asws) took me by the hand and left them and went away. So when we came out form the Masjid, he (asws) said to me: ‘O Abu Muhammad! Even if Iblees (la) has prostrated to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic after the disobedience and the arrogance for the entire life of the world that would not benefit him (la) and Allah (azwj) will not Accept it, as he (la) did not prostrate to Adam (as) as Allah (azwj) had Commanded him (la) to prostrate to him (as), and similar to that is this community, disobedient and mischievous after its Prophet (saww) and after they having abandoned the Imam (asws) whom he (saww) had Established among them for (their benefit). So Allah (azwj) will never Accept their deeds, and will never Raise their good deeds until they come to Allah (azwj) from where He (azwj) had Commanded them, and befriend the Imam (asws) whose Wilayah they had been Commanded (to submit), and enter through the Door which Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Messenger (saww) had Opened for them. O Abu Muhammad! Surely Allah (azwj) has Necessitated upon the community of Muhammad (saww) five Obligations – the Salat, and the Zakat, and the Fasts, and the Pilgrimage, and our (asws) Wilayah. And He (azwj) Exempted them from four Obligations but did not Exempt anyone from the Muslims in leaving our (asws) Wilayah. No, by Allah (azwj), there is no Exemption in this’.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 276)