317. Hadith

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أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَخِي أَبِي شِبْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي شِبْلٍ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) ابْتِدَاءً مِنْهُ أَحْبَبْتُمُونَا وَ أَبْغَضَنَا النَّاسُ وَ صَدَّقْتُمُونَا وَ كَذَّبَنَا النَّاسُ وَ وَصَلْتُمُونَا وَ جَفَانَا النَّاسُ فَجَعَلَ اللَّهُ مَحْيَاكُمْ مَحْيَانَا وَ مَمَاتَكُمْ مَمَاتَنَا أَمَا وَ اللَّهِ مَا بَيْنَ الرَّجُلِ وَ بَيْنَ أَنْ يُقِرَّ اللَّهُ عَيْنَهُ إِلَّا أَنْ تَبْلُغَ نَفْسُهُ هَذَا الْمَكَانَ وَ أَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى حَلْقِهِ فَمَدَّ الْجِلْدَةَ ثُمَّ أَعَادَ ذَلِكَ فَوَ اللَّهِ مَا رَضِيَ حَتَّى حَلَفَ لِي فَقَالَ وَ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ لَحَدَّثَنِي أَبِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) بِذَلِكَ يَا أَبَا شِبْلٍ أَ مَا تَرْضَوْنَ أَنْ تُصَلُّوا وَ يُصَلُّوا فَيُقْبَلَ مِنْكُمْ وَ لَا يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْ أَ مَا تَرْضَوْنَ أَنْ تُزَكُّوا وَ يُزَكُّوا فَيُقْبَلَ مِنْكُمْ وَ لَا يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْ أَ مَا تَرْضَوْنَ أَنْ تَحُجُّوا وَ يَحُجُّوا فَيَقْبَلَ اللَّهُ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ مِنْكُمْ وَ لَا يَقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْ وَ اللَّهِ مَا تُقْبَلُ الصَّلَاةُ إِلَّا مِنْكُمْ وَ لَا الزَّكَاةُ إِلَّا مِنْكُمْ وَ لَا الْحَجُّ إِلَّا مِنْكُمْ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَإِنَّكُمْ فِي هُدْنَةٍ وَ أَدُّوا الْأَمَانَةَ فَإِذَا تَمَيَّزَ النَّاسُ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ ذَهَبَ كُلُّ قَوْمٍ بِهَوَاهُمْ وَ ذَهَبْتُمْ بِالْحَقِّ مَا أَطَعْتُمُونَا أَ لَيْسَ الْقُضَاةُ وَ الْأُمَرَاءُ وَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَسَائِلِ مِنْهُمْ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ (عليه السلام) فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَإِنَّكُمْ لَا تُطِيقُونَ النَّاسَ كُلَّهُمْ إِنَّ النَّاسَ أَخَذُوا هَاهُنَا وَ هَاهُنَا وَ إِنَّكُمْ أَخَذْتُمْ حَيْثُ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ اخْتَارَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ مُحَمَّداً (صلى الله عليه وآله) فَاخْتَرْتُمْ خِيَرَةَ اللَّهِ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَ أَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى الْأَسْوَدِ وَ الْأَبْيَضِ وَ إِنْ كَانَ حَرُورِيّاً وَ إِنْ كَانَ شَامِيّاً.


317. Abu Ali Al-Ashary, from Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbaar, from Ibn Fazaal, from Ibrahim Bin Akhay Abu Shabl, from Abu Shabl who said: Abu Abdullah (asws) said to me initiating a conversation: ‘You have loved us (asws) whilst the people have hated us (asws), and you have ratified us (asws) whilst the people have belied us (asws), and you have submitted to us (asws) whilst the people have been disloyal to us (asws). So Allah (azwj) has Made your lives to be our (asws), and your deaths to be like our (asws) passing away. But, by Allah (azwj), there is nothing between the man and the delight which Allah (azwj) has kept for him except for the soul to reach this place’ – and he (asws) gestured with his (asws) to his (asws) throat and extended the skin. Then he (asws) repeated that, so by Allah (azwj), he (asws) was not happy until he (asws) took an oath to me, so he (asws) said: ‘By Allah (azwj) besides Whom there is no god except for Him (azwj), my (asws) father (asws) Muhammad Bin Ali (asws) narrated that to me. O Abu Shabl! Are you not happy that you pray, and they pray, so it is accepted from you and it’s not accepted from them? Are you not happy that you give zakat, and they give zakat, so it is accepted from you and it’s not accepted from them? Are you not happy that you perform the pilgrimage and they perform the pilgrimage, so Allah (azwj) Accepts from you and does not Accept from them? By Allah (azwj)! The prayer is not accepted except from you, nor the zakat except from you, nor the pilgrimage except from you’. So fear Allah (azwj) for you are in a truce and fulfil the trusts for it is an excellent (merit) of the people. So fulfil that. All the people went according to their desires and you went with the truth in what you obeyed us (asws). Is it not that the judges, and the rulers, and the problem solvers (those who would give fatwa) are among them?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He (asws) said: ‘So fear Allah (azwj) for you will not be able to tolerate all these people. The people take from here and there, and you are taking from where Allah (azwj) has Told you to take from. Allah (azwj) Chose Muhammad (saww) from His (azwj) servants, so you have chosen the Choice of Allah (azwj). So fear Allah (azwj) and fulfil the trusts to the black and the white, even if he was a Haruriyya (a sect) or if he was a Syrian’.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 182)