244. Hadith

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ يا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِمَنْ فِي أَيْدِيكُمْ مِنَ الْأَسْرى إِنْ يَعْلَمِ اللَّهُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ خَيْراً يُؤْتِكُمْ خَيْراً مِمَّا أُخِذَ مِنْكُمْ وَ يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ قَالَ نَزَلَتْ فِي الْعَبَّاسِ وَ عَقِيلٍ وَ نَوْفَلٍ وَ قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) نَهَى يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ أَنْ يُقْتَلَ أَحَدٌ مِنْ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ وَ أَبُو الْبَخْتَرِيِّ فَأُسِرُوا فَأَرْسَلَ عَلِيّاً ( عليه السلام ) فَقَالَ انْظُرْ مَنْ هَاهُنَا مِنْ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ قَالَ فَمَرَّ عَلِيٌّ (عليه السلام) عَلَى عَقِيلِ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ كَرَّمَ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ فَحَادَ عَنْهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَقِيلٌ يَا ابْنَ أُمِّ عَلَيَّ أَمَا وَ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتَ مَكَانِي قَالَ فَرَجَعَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ قَالَ هَذَا أَبُو الْفَضْلِ فِي يَدِ فُلَانٍ وَ هَذَا عَقِيلٌ فِي يَدِ فُلَانٍ وَ هَذَا نَوْفَلُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فِي يَدِ فُلَانٍ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى عَقِيلٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا أَبَا يَزِيدَ قُتِلَ أَبُو جَهْلٍ فَقَالَ إِذاً لَا تُنَازَعُونَ فِي تِهَامَةَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ أَثْخَنْتُمُ الْقَوْمَ وَ إِلَّا فَارْكَبُوا أَكْتَافَهُمْ فَقَالَ فَجِي‏ءَ بِالْعَبَّاسِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ افْدِ نَفْسَكَ وَ افْدِ ابْنَ أَخِيكَ فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ تَتْرُكُنِي أَسْأَلُ قُرَيْشاً فِي كَفِّي فَقَالَ أَعْطِ مِمَّا خَلَّفْتَ عِنْدَ أُمِّ الْفَضْلِ وَ قُلْتَ لَهَا إِنْ أَصَابَنِي فِي وَجْهِي هَذَا شَيْ‏ءٌ فَأَنْفِقِيهِ عَلَى وُلْدِكِ وَ نَفْسِكِ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي مَنْ أَخْبَرَكَ بِهَذَا فَقَالَ أَتَانِي بِهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ ( عليه السلام ) مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَقَالَ وَ مَحْلُوفِهِ مَا عَلِمَ بِهَذَا أَحَدٌ إِلَّا أَنَا وَ هِيَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ قَالَ فَرَجَعَ الْأَسْرَى كُلُّهُمْ مُشْرِكِينَ إِلَّا الْعَبَّاسُ وَ عَقِيلٌ وَ نَوْفَلٌ كَرَّمَ اللَّهُ وُجُوهَهُمْ وَ فِيهِمْ نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ قُلْ لِمَنْ فِي أَيْدِيكُمْ مِنَ الْأَسْرى إِنْ يَعْلَمِ اللَّهُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ خَيْراً إِلَى آخِرِ الْآيَةِ.


244. Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Muawiya Bin Ammar, who has said the following: Abu Abdullah (a.s.), said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying regarding this Verse: “[8:70] O Prophet! say to those of the captives who are in your hands: If Allah knows anything good in your hearts, He will give to you better than that which has been taken away from you and will forgive you”, he (a.s.) said: ‘This was Revealed regarding Al-Abbas, and Aqeel, and Naufal’. And he (a.s.) said that: ‘The Rasool Allah (saww) prohibited the killing of anyone from the Clan of Hashim (as) and Abu Al-Bakhtary on the Day of Badr. So they were made captives. The Rasool Allah (saww) sent for Ali (a.s.) and said: ‘Go and see over there, who are the ones from the Clan of Hashim (as)’. So Ali (a.s.) passed by Aqeel son of Abu Talib (as), may Allah (azwj) Honour his (as) face. He (a.s.) turned away from him. So Aqeel said to him (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of my mother (as) Ali (a.s.)! But, by Allah (azwj), you (a.s.) can see my situation’. He (a.s.) returned to the Rasool Allah (saww) and said: ‘This is Abu Al-Fazl in the hand of so and so, and this is Aqeel in the hand of so and so, and this is Naufal Bin Al-Haris in the hand of so and so’. So the Rasool Allah (saww) stood up and came up to Aqeel and said to him: ‘O Abu Yazeed, Abu Jahl has been killed’. He said, ‘Then you (saww) will not be disputing about Tahaamat’. He (saww) said: ‘If you are strong people, otherwise tie up their hands’. They came up with Al-Abbas, so he (saww) said: ‘Ransom yourself and ransom the son of your brother’. He said, ‘O Muhammad (saww)! Let me go and ask the Qureish for ransoming me’. He (saww) said: ‘Give from what you have left behind with Umm Al-Fazl and said to her that, ‘If this I face this difficulty, so spend upon your children and on yourself’. So he said to him (saww): ‘O son (saww) of my brother (as), who informed you (saww) of this?’ He (saww) said: ‘Jibraeel (as) came with it to me (saww) from the Presence of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic’. So he said, ‘And I had held her on oath that no one would know of this except for myself and her. I hereby testify that you (saww) are the Rasool Allah (saww)’. He (a.s.) said; ‘All the captives returned as Polytheists except for Al-Abbas, and Aqeel, and Naufal, may Allah (azwj) Honour their faces, and it was regarding them that this Verse was Revealed: “[8:70] O Prophet! say to those of the captives who are in your hands: If Allah knows anything good in your hearts, He will give to you better than that which has been taken away from you and will forgive you” up to the end of the Verse’.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 111)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: صحيح - Sahih al-Kafi (3 / 393)