203. Hadith

Back to book

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ حَنَانٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبِي يَرْوِي عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) قَالَ كَانَ سَلْمَانُ جَالِساً مَعَ نَفَرٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَأَقْبَلُوا يَنْتَسِبُونَ وَ يَرْفَعُونَ فِي أَنْسَابِهِمْ حَتَّى بَلَغُوا سَلْمَانَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ أَخْبِرْنِي مَنْ أَنْتَ وَ مَنْ أَبُوكَ وَ مَا أَصْلُكَ فَقَالَ أَنَا سَلْمَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ كُنْتُ ضَالًّا فَهَدَانِي اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِمُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ كُنْتُ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَانِي اللَّهُ بِمُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ كُنْتُ مَمْلُوكاً فَأَعْتَقَنِي اللَّهُ بِمُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) هَذَا نَسَبِي وَ هَذَا حَسَبِي قَالَ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ سَلْمَانُ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ يُكَلِّمُهُمْ فَقَالَ لَهُ سَلْمَانُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا لَقِيتُ مِنْ هَؤُلَاءِ جَلَسْتُ مَعَهُمْ فَأَخَذُوا يَنْتَسِبُونَ وَ يَرْفَعُونَ فِي أَنْسَابِهِمْ حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغُوا إِلَيَّ قَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ مَنْ أَنْتَ وَ مَا أَصْلُكَ وَ مَا حَسَبُكَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فَمَا قُلْتَ لَهُ يَا سَلْمَانُ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَنَا سَلْمَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ كُنْتُ ضَالًّا فَهَدَانِي اللَّهُ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ بِمُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ كُنْتُ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَانِي اللَّهُ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ بِمُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ كُنْتُ مَمْلُوكاً فَأَعْتَقَنِي اللَّهُ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ بِمُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) هَذَا نَسَبِي وَ هَذَا حَسَبِي فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) يَا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ إِنَّ حَسَبَ الرَّجُلِ دِينُهُ وَ مُرُوءَتَهُ خُلُقُهُ وَ أَصْلَهُ عَقْلُهُ وَ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِنَّا خَلَقْناكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَ أُنْثى وَ جَعَلْناكُمْ شُعُوباً وَ قَبائِلَ لِتَعارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقاكُمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صلى الله عليه وآله) لِسَلْمَانَ لَيْسَ لِأَحَدٍ مِنْ هَؤُلَاءِ عَلَيْكَ فَضْلٌ إِلَّا بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ إِنْ كَانَ التَّقْوَى لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَأَنْتَ أَفْضَلُ.


203. Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Safwan Bin yahya, from Hanaan who said: ‘I heard my father narrated from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Salman (ar) was seated with a number of people from Qureish in the Masjid. They started priding over their lineages and ancestry until they reached Salman (ar). Umar Bin Al-Khattab said to him (ar), ‘Inform me, who you (ar) are, and who your (ar) father is, and what is your (ar) origin’. So he (ar) said: ‘I (ar) am Salman (ar) son of a servant of Allah (azwj). I (ar) had strayed, so Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Guided me (ar) by Muhammad (saww), and I (a.s.) was needy, so Allah (azwj) Made me (ar) to be self-sufficient by Muhammad (saww), and I (ar) was a slave, so Allah (azwj) Freed me (ar) by Muhammad (saww). This is my (ar) lineage, and this is my (a.s.) nobility’. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool Allah (saww) came out and Salman (ar) spoke to him (saww). Salman (ar) said to him (saww), ‘O Rasool Allah (saww), what has been meted out to me (ar) from those when I (ar) was seated with them. They took to priding themselves over their lineages and ancestry to the extent that they reached me (ar). Umar Bin Al-Khattab said to me, ‘Who are you (ar), and what is your (ar) origin, and what is your (ar) status?’ So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘So what did you (ar) say to him, O Salman (ar)?’ He (ar) said, ‘I (ar) said, ‘‘I (ar) am Salman (ar) son of a servant of Allah (azwj). I (ar) had strayed, so Allah (azwj) Guided me (ar) through Muhammad (saww), and I (a.s.) was needy, so Allah (azwj) Made me (ar) to be self-sufficient through Muhammad (saww), and I (ar) was a slave, so Allah (azwj) Freed me (ar) through Muhammad (saww). This is my (ar) lineage, and this is my (a.s.) nobility’. So the Rasool Allah (saww) said: ‘O group of Qureish, the nobility of a man is his Religion, and his chivalry in his manners, and his origin is his intellect. And Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Said: “[49:13] O you men! surely We have created you of a male and a female, and made you tribes and families that you may know each other; surely the most honorable of you with Allah is the one among you most careful (of his duty)”. Then the Prophet (saww) said to Salman (ar): ‘There is no preference over you (ar) from any of these ones except by fear of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and if there is piety for you (ar) over them, so you (ar) are more preferable’.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 71)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: صحيح - Sahih al-Kafi (3 / 391)