190. Hadith

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ السَّرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ يَقُولُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) مَرَّ بِنَا ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ وَ نَحْنُ فِي نَادِينَا وَ هُوَ عَلَى نَاقَتِهِ وَ ذَلِكَ حِينَ رَجَعَ مِنْ حَجَّةِ الْوَدَاعِ فَوَقَفَ عَلَيْنَا فَسَلَّمَ فَرَدَدْنَا عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا لِي أَرَى حُبَّ الدُّنْيَا قَدْ غَلَبَ عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ حَتَّى كَأَنَّ الْمَوْتَ فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى غَيْرِهِمْ كُتِبَ وَ كَأَنَّ الْحَقَّ فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى غَيْرِهِمْ وَجَبَ وَ حَتَّى كَأَنْ لَمْ يَسْمَعُوا وَ يَرَوْا مِنْ خَبَرِ الْأَمْوَاتِ قَبْلَهُمْ سَبِيلُهُمْ سَبِيلُ قَوْمٍ سَفْرٍ عَمَّا قَلِيلٍ إِلَيْهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ بُيُوتُهُمْ أَجْدَاثُهُمْ وَ يَأْكُلُونَ تُرَاثَهُمْ فَيَظُنُّونَ أَنَّهُمْ مُخَلَّدُونَ بَعْدَهُمْ هَيْهَاتَ هَيْهَاتَ [أَ] مَا يَتَّعِظُ آخِرُهُمْ بِأَوَّلِهِمْ لَقَدْ جَهِلُوا وَ نَسُوا كُلَّ وَاعِظٍ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَ آمَنُوا شَرَّ كُلِّ عَاقِبَةِ سُوءٍ وَ لَمْ يَخَافُوا نُزُولَ فَادِحَةٍ وَ بَوَائِقَ حَادِثَةٍ طُوبَى لِمَنْ شَغَلَهُ خَوْفُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ عَنْ خَوْفِ النَّاسِ طُوبَى لِمَنْ مَنَعَهُ عَيْبُهُ عَنْ عُيُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ إِخْوَانِهِ طُوبَى لِمَنْ تَوَاضَعَ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ وَ زَهِدَ فِيمَا أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ رَغْبَةٍ عَنْ سِيرَتِي وَ رَفَضَ زَهْرَةَ الدُّنْيَا مِنْ غَيْرِ تَحَوُّلٍ عَنْ سُنَّتِي وَ اتَّبَعَ الْأَخْيَارَ مِنْ عِتْرَتِي مِنْ بَعْدِي وَ جَانَبَ أَهْلَ الْخُيَلَاءِ وَ التَّفَاخُرِ وَ الرَّغْبَةِ فِي الدُّنْيَا الْمُبْتَدِعِينَ خِلَافَ سُنَّتِي الْعَامِلِينَ بِغَيْرِ سِيرَتِي طُوبَى لِمَنِ اكْتَسَبَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَالًا مِنْ غَيْرِ مَعْصِيَةٍ فَأَنْفَقَهُ فِي غَيْرِ مَعْصِيَةٍ وَ عَادَ بِهِ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْمَسْكَنَةِ طُوبَى لِمَنْ حَسُنَ مَعَ النَّاسِ خُلُقُهُ وَ بَذَلَ لَهُمْ مَعُونَتَهُ وَ عَدَلَ عَنْهُمْ شَرَّهُ طُوبَى لِمَنْ أَنْفَقَ الْقَصْدَ وَ بَذَلَ الْفَضْلَ وَ أَمْسَكَ قَوْلَهُ عَنِ الْفُضُولِ وَ قَبِيحِ الْفِعْلِ.


190. A number of our companions, from sahl Bin Ziyad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Al-Hassan Bin Al-Sarayy, from Abu Maryam, who has said the following: Abu Ja’far (asws) said: ‘I (asws) heard Jabir Bin Abdullah saying that, ‘The Rasool Allah (saww) passed by us one day whilst we were in our group, and he (saww) was upon his (saww) mule, and that was when he (saww) was returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage. He (saww) paused near to us and greeted us. We returned his (saww) greeting. Then he (saww) said: ‘From what I (saww) see, love of the world have overcome many from the people to the extent that as if the death in this world has been Ordained to come upon other than them, and as if the truth in this world has been obligated on other than them, and to the extent that as if they had never heard nor seen the news of the death of those who lived before them, even though their own path is the path of the people on a journey. After a short while they will be returning to their homes, their tombs, and their inheritors would be consuming their legacies thinking that they would now be living forever after those ones. Alas! Alas! The later ones do not take a lesson from the former ones. They have become ignorant and forgotten all the Advice in the Book of Allah (azwj) and feel safe from all the evil consequences of the bad deeds and do not fear the descent into the grave and the events that are to occur. Tooba (Goodness) is for the one who occupies himself in the fear of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic rather than fear of the people. Tooba (Goodness) is for the one who prevents himself from finding faults with the Believers from his brethren. Tooba (Goodness) is for the one who is humble to Allah (azwj) ,Mighty is His (azwj) Mention, and restricts himself to what Allah (azwj) has Prohibited for him without turning away from my (saww) way of life, and rejects the blossoms of the world without turning away from my (saww) Sunnah and follows the best ones (asws) from my (saww) Family from after me (saww), and avoids the people of vanity and pride, and the ones who are infatuated with regards to the world, the heretics opposed to my (saww) Sunnah, the workers in other than my (saww) way. Tooba (Goodness) is for the Believing ones who earn the wealth without disobedience (sins), so they spend in other than sinful ways, and by it aid the poor. Tooba (Goodness) is for the one who is good with the people in manners and supports them and turns away from them from their evil. Tooba (Goodness) is for the one who spends in moderation and donates the excess, and refrains from speaking vain words and (engages himself in) ugly deeds’.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 41)