12. Interpretation of Allah's saying: By the sun and its brightness 91:1

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جَمَاعَةٌ عَنْ سَهْلٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ الشَّمْسِ وَ ضُحاها قَالَ الشَّمْسُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) بِهِ أَوْضَحَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لِلنَّاسِ دِينَهُمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ الْقَمَرِ إِذا تَلاها قَالَ ذَاكَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) تَلَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ نَفَثَهُ بِالْعِلْمِ نَفْثاً قَالَ قُلْتُ وَ اللَّيْلِ إِذا يَغْشاها قَالَ ذَاكَ أَئِمَّةُ الْجَوْرِ الَّذِينَ اسْتَبَدُّوا بِالْأَمْرِ دُونَ آلِ الرَّسُولِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ جَلَسُوا مَجْلِساً كَانَ آلُ الرَّسُولِ أَوْلَى بِهِ مِنْهُمْ فَغَشُوا دِينَ اللَّهِ بِالظُّلْمِ وَ الْجَوْرِ فَحَكَى اللَّهُ فِعْلَهُمْ فَقَالَ وَ اللَّيْلِ إِذا يَغْشاها قَالَ قُلْتُ وَ النَّهارِ إِذا جَلَّاها قَالَ ذَلِكَ الْإِمَامُ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّةِ فَاطِمَةَ (عليها السلام) يُسْأَلُ عَنْ دِينِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فَيُجَلِّيهِ لِمَنْ سَأَلَهُ فَحَكَى اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ قَوْلَهُ فَقَالَ وَ النَّهارِ إِذا جَلَّاها .


12. A group, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Muhammad, from his father, from Abu Muhammad has narrated: Abu Abdullah (asws) having said when asked about the Statement of Allah (azwj): “[91:1] I swear by the sun and its brilliance,”, said: ‘The sun (is a reference to) the Messenger (saww) of Allah (azwj) by whom (saww) Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Clarified for the people their Religion’. ‘I then asked, ‘(What about) “[91:2] And the moon when it follows the sun”? He (asws) said: ‘That is Amir-ul-Momineen (asws) following the Messenger (saww) of Allah (azwj), and emitted the knowledge by reradiating (like moon reflects the rays to the earth which fall on its surface from the sun)’. ‘I then asked, ‘(What about) “[91:4] And the night when it draws a veil over it”?’ Imam (asws) said: ‘That (is a reference to) the imams of the injustice who tyrannised by the command the Progeny (asws) of the Messenger (saww) and seated themselves upon a set which was for the Progeny (asws) of the Messenger (saww) who (asws) were higher (more deserving) for it than them. They veiled the Religion of Allah (azwj) by the injustices and the tyranny. So Allah (azwj) has Referred to their deeds by Saying “[91:4] And the night when it draws a veil over it”. ‘I then asked, (What about) “[91:3] By the Day as it shows up (the Sun’s) clarity”?’ He (asws) said: ‘That (is a reference to) the Imams (asws) from the descendants of Fatima (asws), when asked about the Religion of the Messenger (saww) of Allah (azwj) so they clarify it for the one who has asked (from them (asws)). So Allah (azwj) has referred it in His (azwj) Statement by Saying “[91:3] By the Day as it shows up (the Sun’s) clarity”.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5 / 108)