91. Finding Defect in Merchandise after the Sale

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ كُنْتُ أَنَا وَعُمَرُ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَبَاعَ عُمَرُ جِرَاباً هَرَوِيّاً كُلَّ ثَوْبٍ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا فَأَخَذُوهُ فَاقْتَسَمُوهُ فَوَجَدُوا ثَوْباً فِيهِ عَيْبٌ فَرَدُّوهُ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ عُمَرُ أُعْطِيكُمْ ثَمَنَهُ الَّذِي بِعْتُكُمْ بِهِ قَالَ لا وَلَكِنْ نَأْخُذُ مِنْكَ قِيمَةَ الثَّوْبِ فَذَكَرَ عُمَرُ ذَلِكَ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ يَلْزَمُهُ ذَلِكَ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Hassan ibn ‘ Atiyyah from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “‘Umar and I were in al-Madinah and ‘Umar sold sacks made in Hirat, every cloth for so and so amount. They took them and divided among themselves but they found one defective piece and returned it. ‘Umar said to them, ‘I can pay you the price for which I sold to you.’ He said, ‘No, we take from you the price of the cloth.’ ‘Umar mentioned this before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he (the Imam) said, ‘He must do so (as he is asked to do).”’ (The pronoun ‘He’ can apply to either one of seller or buyer but its applying to the buyer has greater support in the principles of the system of Shari ‘ah)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/229)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَشْتَرِي الثَّوْبَ أَوِ الْمَتَاعَ فَيَجِدُ فِيهِ عَيْباً فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ الشَّيْ‏ءُ قَائِماً بِعَيْنِهِ رَدَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَخَذَ الثَّمَنَ وَإِنْ كَانَ الثَّوْبُ قَدْ قُطِعَ أَوْ خِيطَ أَوْ صُبِغَ يَرْجِعُ بِنُقْصَانِ الْعَيْبِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the case of a man who buys cloths or goods and finds defects in it. He (the Imam) said, ‘If the item is exactly as it was, he can return and get back what he has paid and if the cloth is cut or stitched or dyed he must pay for the loss.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/230)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ اشْتَرَى شَيْئاً وَبِهِ عَيْبٌ أَوْ عَوَارٌ وَلَمْ يَتَبَرَّأْ إِلَيْهِ وَلَمْ يَتَبَيَّنْ لَهُ فَأَحْدَثَ فِيهِ بَعْدَ مَا قَبَضَهُ شَيْئاً ثُمَّ عَلِمَ بِذَلِكَ الْعَوَارِ أَوْ بِذَلِكَ الدَّاءِ إِنَّهُ يُمْضَى عَلَيْهِ الْبَيْعُ وَيُرَدُّ عَلَيْهِ بِقَدْرِ مَا يَنْقُصُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الدَّاءِ وَالْعَيْبِ مِنْ ثَمَنِ ذَلِكَ لَوْ لَمْ يَكُنْ بِهِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah from Musa ibn Bakr from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever buys something and finds defect in it or injuries that does not get well which was not apparent to him (when buying) and he then does some changes in it after taking delivery then finds out about the defect or injury, he must approve the sale and ask for the refund of the cost of the defect or injury from the price of the item (he has paid).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/230)