32. It is Detestable to Expose One’s Self to What He Cannot Endure

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ الأحْمَرِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ الأنْصَارِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأحْمَسِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَوَّضَ إِلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ أُمُورَهُ كُلَّهَا وَلَمْ يُفَوِّضْ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِيلا أَمَا تَسْمَعُ قَوْلَ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ وَللهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَالْمُؤْمِنُ يَكُونُ عَزِيزاً وَلا يَكُونُ ذَلِيلا ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ أَعَزُّ مِنَ الْجَبَلِ إِنَّ الْجَبَلَ يُسْتَقَلُّ مِنْهُ بِالْمَعَاوِلِ وَالْمُؤْمِنَ لا يُسْتَقَلُّ مِنْ دِينِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


1. Muhammad in Al-Husayn has narrated from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Ahmar from ‘Abd Allah ibn Hammad al-Ansariy from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from abu al-Hassan al-Ahmasiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘ Allah, the most Majestic, the most Glorious, has delegated all affairs of a believer to him but He has not delegated him to humiliate himself. Have you not heard the words of Allah, the most Majestic, the most Glorious, “All honor belongs to Allah, His Messenger and the believers. . . .” (63:7) Thus, believers are honorable but not lowly and humiliated.’ He then said, ‘All believers are more majestic than mountains. Mountains are reducible by picks and shovels but believers are not reducible, even in small amounts, in matters of their religion.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/411)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَوَّضَ إِلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ أُمُورَهُ كُلَّهَا وَلَمْ يُفَوِّضْ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُذِلَّ نَفْسَهُ أَلَمْ تَسْمَعْ لِقَوْلِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَللهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَالْمُؤْمِنُ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَكُونَ عَزِيزاً وَلا يَكُونَ ذَلِيلا يُعِزُّهُ اللهُ بِالإيمَانِ وَالإسْلامِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthaman ibn ’Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, the most Majestic, the most Glorious, has delegated all affairs of believers to them but He has not delegated him to humiliate himself. Have you not heard the words of Allah, the most Majestic, the most Glorious, “All honors belongs to Allah, His Messenger and the believers. . .” (63:7) Believers must stay honorable but not lowly and humiliated. Allah has granted them honor through al-Islam and belief.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/412)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فَوَّضَ إِلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلا إِذْلالَ نَفْسِهِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthaman ibn ‘Isa from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, has delegated all affairs of believers to them except their humiliating themselves.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/412)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُؤْمِنِ أَنْ يُذِلَّ نَفْسَهُ قِيلَ لَهُ وَكَيْفَ يُذِلُّ نَفْسَهُ قَالَ يَتَعَرَّضُ لِمَا لا يُطِيقُ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Dawud al-Riqqiy who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Believers must not humiliate themselves.’ It was asked, ‘How can one humiliate himself?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘This happens when he does things that are not bearable.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/412)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ مُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُؤْمِنِ أَنْ يُذِلَّ نَفْسَهُ قُلْتُ بِمَا يُذِلُّ نَفْسَهُ قَالَ يَدْخُلُ فِيمَا يَتَعَذَّرُ مِنْهُ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A believer must not humiliate himself.’ I then asked, ‘In what way can he humiliate himself?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘He can do so by involving himself in things that he cannot do.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/412)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَوَّضَ إِلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ أُمُورَهُ كُلَّهَا وَلَمْ يُفَوِّضْ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُذِلَّ نَفْسَهُ أَلَمْ يَرَ قَوْلَ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ هَاهُنَا وَللهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُ يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَكُونَ عَزِيزاً وَلا يَكُونَ ذَلِيلا. تَمَّ كِتَابُ الْجِهَادِ مِنَ الْكَافِي وَيَتْلُوهُ كِتَابُ التِّجَارَةِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Ahmad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Salt from Yunus from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah, the most Majestic, the most Glorious, has delegated all affairs of believers to them but He has not delegated him to humiliate himself. Has he not seen the words of Allah, the most Majestic, the most Glorious: ‘All honor belongs to Allah, His Messenger and the believers. . . .’ (63:7) Believers must stand honorable but not humiliated.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/413)