24. The Case of one Murdered over His Stolen Property

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ قُتِلَ دُونَ مَظْلِمَتِهِ فَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘If one is murdered over his stolen property he is a martyr.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/394)



2- وَبِهَذَا الإسْنَادِ عَنْ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ قُتِلَ دُونَ مَظْلِمَتِهِ فَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا أَبَا مَرْيَمَ هَلْ تَدْرِي مَا دُونَ مَظْلِمَتِهِ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ الرَّجُلُ يُقْتَلُ دُونَ أَهْلِهِ وَدُونَ مَالِهِ وَأَشْبَاهِ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا مَرْيَمَ إِنَّ مِنَ الْفِقْهِ عِرْفَانَ الْحَقِّ.


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from abu Maryam from Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘If one is murdered over his stolen property he is a martyr.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘O abu Maryam, do you know what is ‘murdered over his stolen property’? I replied, ‘I pray to Allah to keep me in the service of your cause, it is when a man is murdered defending his family, property and similar things.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is of fiqh (proper understanding) to know the truth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/394)



3- عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُقَاتِلُ دُونَ مَالِهِ فَقَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ قُتِلَ دُونَ مَالِهِ فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الشَّهِيدِ قُلْتُ أَيُقَاتِلُ أَفْضَلُ أَوْ لَمْ يُقَاتِلْ قَالَ أَمَّا أَنَا لَوْ كُنْتُ لَمْ أُقَاتِلْ وَتَرَكْتُهُ.


3. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Al-Husayn ibn abu al-‘Ala’ who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who fights to defend his property. He (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, “If one is murdered when defending his property he is like a martyr.’” I then asked, ‘Is fighting better or not fighting?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Were it to happen to me I would not fight but leave him alone.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/394)



4- عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَرْطَاةَ بْنِ حَبِيبٍ الأسَدِيِّ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) قَالَ مَنِ اعْتُدِيَ عَلَيْهِ فِي صَدَقَةِ مَالِهِ فَقَاتَلَ فَقُتِلَ فَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ.


4. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ahmad from al-Washsha’ from Safwan ibn Yahya from Artat ibn Habib al-Asadiy from a man from Ali ibn Al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, , who has said the following: “If one is subjected to transgression over the charity of his property and he fights back and is murdered he is a martyr.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/395)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ فِي السَّفَرِ وَمَعَهُ جَارِيَةٌ لَهُ فَيَجِي‏ءُ قَوْمٌ يُرِيدُونَ أَخْذَ جَارِيَتِهِ أَيَمْنَعُ جَارِيَتَهُ مِنْ أَنْ تُؤْخَذَ وَإِنْ خَافَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ الْقَتْلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَكَذَلِكَ إِنْ كَانَتْ مَعَهُ امْرَأَةٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَكَذَلِكَ الأمُّ وَالْبِنْتُ وَابْنَةُ الْعَمِّ وَالْقَرَابَةُ يَمْنَعُهُنَّ وَإِنْ خَافَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ الْقَتْلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ [قُلْتُ] وَكَذَلِكَ الْمَالُ يُرِيدُونَ أَخْذَهُ فِي سَفَرٍ فَيَمْنَعُهُ وَإِنْ خَافَ الْقَتْلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from his father from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) from al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam: “If a man is on a journey and with him is his slave-girl. Certain people come and want to take his slave-girl from him. Should he try to stop them even if he fears for losing his life?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, he should try.’ I then asked, ‘Is it so also if a woman is with him?’ He (the Imam) replies, ‘Yes, it is.’ I then asked, ‘Is it so also if it is his mother, daughter of uncle and relatives. Should he stop such people even if he fears for losing his life?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, it is so also.’ I then asked, ‘Is it so also if it is property which they want to take during one’s journey and must stop them even if he fears for his life?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, so also it is.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/395)